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Sub-Inspectors, Messrs. Tilly, Moony, Kennan, | remains Chief of East Pondoland.
McGregor, Griffiths, Sloley, and Wroughton,
Medical Officer, Dr. W. J. Rowe, 4502

FINGOLAND, IDUTYWA RESERVE, AND NOMAN'S LAND, as explained in Part 1 of this Article, were annexed to the Cape in October, 1879.

In 1877 THE GCALEKAS, a tribe residing beyond the Kei, under Kreli, one of the leaders of the great Kaffir war of 1850-53, defied the authority of the British Government, and even invaded what is now British territory. They were, however, defeated by the Colonial forces under the immediate leadership of Colonel C. D. Griffith, C.M.G., then Commandant o the Frontier Armed and Mounted Police. Their territory was overrun, and Kreli deposed, and his country taken as British, by a Proclamation of Sir Bartle Frere dated the 5th of October, 1877, and confirmed by Lord Carnarvon in a despatch dated the 14th of November, 1877.

In 1875-76 THE TEMBUS, OF TEMBULAND proper, gave themselves over to the Government, and in 1878 the Bomvanas did the same.

While giving effect to the desire of these tribes to come under the Cape Government, it was also arranged to include in the same scheme of incorporation the conquered province of Gcalekaland, and a settlement of native British subjects called the Emigrant Tembus.

They are governed by officials paid by the Cape Government, and under its supervision.

The above-named territories, viz., Tembuland, Emigrant Tembuland, Bomvanaland, and Gcalekaland, were formally proclaimed British territory in November, 1881, and Sir Hercules Robinson appointed Governor thereof. In 1885 they were annexed to the Cape Colony.

Under a Proclamation of Sir Bartle Frere, dated the 4th September, 1878, UMQUIKELA, for breach of treaty arrangements, has ceased to be recognized as paramount chief of the Pondos, and the sovereignty of the port and estuary of St. John's River has been vested in Her Majesty's Government. A Resident has also been appointed to represent the Government with Umquikela, who

The Cape

Colony customs dues are levied at St. John's River mouth. under a Proclamation dated 2nd August, 1881, by which also it has been declared a "free port," and Sir H. Robinson appointed Governor thereof. The port was annexed to the Colony in 1884.

WEST PONDOLAND is under the Chief Umquilisol now independent of his uncle Umquikela. A small strip of his territory at the mouth of the St. John's River was acquired by the Cape Government for 1,000l.

These various Transkeian Territories are now re-grouped, under three Chief Magistrates, each with several subordinate magistrates, in the following manner, viz. :

Griqualand East comprising Nomansland (late Adam Kok's Country), the Gatberg, and St. John's Territory, all under one Chief Magistrate, Mr. W. E. Stanford, and eight subordinate magis

trates.

Tembuland, comprising Tembuland proper, Bomvanaland, and Emigrant Tembuland, all under one Chief Magistrate, Major Elliot, C.M.G., and seven subordinate magistrates. Major Elliot has also charge of the relations of the Government with Pondoland West.

Transkei, comprising Fingoland, the Idutywa Reserve, and the country of the ex-chief Kreli (Gcalekaland), all under oue Chief Magistrate, Captain M. S. Blyth, C.M.G., and six subordinate magi

strates.

Each of the three Chief Magistrates above-mentioned receives a salary of 1,000l. per annum. The revenue and expenditure of these territories for 1884 were:

Transkei...
Tembuland
Griqualand East

Revenue for
1884.

Expenditure during 1884. £ s. d. 21,868 6 6 29,766 17 5 22,502 10 11 7,820 0 8*

£ s. d. 15,891 0 4 18,398 17 1 22,526 2 11

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Total

56,816 0 4

...

81,957 15

6

The following table contains statistics for 1879, the best available relating to these territories:

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Half-year, 1876

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30th June,

1881.

1876-77

1877-78

1878-79

1879-80

1880-81 1881-82 1882-83 1883-84 1884-85

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808,050 801,150

827,386 1,868,625 398,514 66,059 1,412,677 624,332 4,068,158 464,350 1,318,341 2,936,558 605,981 114,108 3,503,671 1,495,833 6,028,959 464,050 1,586,303 2,583,429 775,776 90,325 3,627,530 1,660,016 6,986,359 462,750 2,082,889 5,662,089 923,597 108,466 3,994,933 1,916,633 9,527,459 489,950 2,522,028 3,556,601 983,456 178,419 3,742,665 2,545,882 10,583,759 3,009,970 4,825,121 1,198,054 161,134 5,472,263 2,759,919 12,460,559 3,524,859 4,893,399 1,356,947 180,139 5,520,797 3,280,867 15,302,759 795,650 3,299,018 5,451,006 1,119,752 193,422 6,341,717 3,689,988 19,671,859 1,139,150 2,949,951 7,533,592 906,499 200,587 5,374,982 3,504,588 19.658,267 1,145,865 3,318,029 | 3,855,625 1,082,213 | 192,639 Accounts not closed. 20.357,935|1,163,867

* Including 20,8771. revenue from Transkeian Territories for period from 1st July, 1875, to 1st July, 1877.

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Corks and bungs, for every 1007. value Hops, for every 1007. value

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Salt, in bulk or in bags, or other packages of not less than 100 lbs., the 100 lbs. Soap, common, brown, blue, yellow, or mottled, the 100 lbs. . Spirits or strong waters of all sorts, not sweetened, mixed, or perfumed, and not exceeding the strength of proof by Sykes' Hydrometer, and so in proportion for any greater strength of proof, imported in bottles, each of not greater content than six to the imperial gallon, the dozen bottles Spirits or strong waters, of all sorts, not sweetened, mixed, or perfumed, and not exceeding the strength of proof by Sykes' Hydrometer, and so in proportion for any greater strength of proof,

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Metal composition, for every 1007. value 10 0 0

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1843 Sir Peregrine Maitland.

1847 Major-General the Right Hon. Sir Henry
Pottinger, Bart.
1847 Sir H. F. Young, Kt. (Lieutenant-Governor of
the Eastern Province).

1847 Lieut.-General Sir Henry G. W. Smith, Bart.
1852 Lieut.-General the Hon. G. Cathcart.
1852 Ch. H. Darling (Lieutenant Governor).
1854 Sir George Grey, K.C.B.
1859 Lieut.-General R. H. Wynyard, C.B. (Lieuten-
ant-Governor).

1860 Sir G. Grey, K.C.B.

1861 Sir Philip Edmond Wodehouse, K.C.B.,
G.C.S.I.

1870 Sir Henry Barkly, G.C.M.G., K.C.B.
1877 Sir H. Bartle E. Frere, Bart., G.C.B., G.C.S.I.
1880 Major-General Sir H. H. Clifford, V.C.,
K.C.M.G., C.B. (Administrator).
Major Sir G. C. Strahan, K.C.M.G. (Adminis-
trator).

1880

Animals, living (excepting mules); anchors and chain cables, for ship's use; bottles of common glass imported full of wine, beer, or other liquid liable to customs duty; books, printed, not being foreign reprints of British copyright works; bullion or coin; cotton in its raw state; creosote; diamonds or other gems in their rough state; feathers, ostrich, undressed; *fish; flowers of sulphur; fruit, green, including cocoanuts; guano and other manures; *hair, viz., Angora; *hides, ox and cow; horns, ox and cow and wild animals; ice; *ivory; machinery, viz., agricultural, mining, and sawing; maps and charts; photographs; printed music; oil fish, in a raw state; *ore, copper and other; paper for printing purposes; printers' and bookbinders' materials; provisions or other stores for Her Majesty's land and sea forces, when 1883 The Rt. Hon. Sir H. G. R. Robinson, the customs duties shall not have been paid thereon; railway materials; seeds, bulbs, or plants (garden); sheep dip; skins, viz., goat, seal, *sheep, wild animals; specimens illustrative of natural history; telegraph materials; wine, im

1881

1882

Sir H. G. R. Robinson, G.C.M.G.

Lieut. Gen. Hon. Sir Leicester Smyth,
K.C.M.G., C.B. (Officer administering the
Government).

G.C.M.G.

Executive Council.

Members.

ported or taken out of bond for the use of military President, Sir H. G. R. Robinson, G.C.M.G., 1881. officers serving on full pay in this colony, and also for the use of officers of Her Majesty's navy serving on board any of Her Majesty's ships; wool, viz., sheeps'; all articles of military, naval, or volunteer uniforms or appointments, imported by imperial and colonial officers stationed in this colony for their own use; maize and other farm produce, the growth of St. John's River Territory.

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1807 Hon. H. G. Grey (Lieutenant-Governor). 1807 Du Pré, Earl of Caledon.

1811 Hon. H. G. Grey (Lieutenant-Governor). 1811 Sir John Francis Cradock.

1813 Hon. Robert Meade (Lieutenant-Governor).
1814 Lord Charles Henry Somerset.

1820 Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin (acting during the
absence of Lord Charles Henry Somerset).
1821 Lord Charles Henry Somerset, returned.
1826 Richard Bourke (Lieutenant-Governor).
1828 Hon. Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole.
1834 Lieut.-Col. T. F. Wade (acting-Governor).
1834 Sir Benjamin D'Urban.

1836 Sir Andries Stockenstrom, Bart. (Lieutenant-
Governor of the Eastern Province).

Being the growth and produce of Africa, and not manufactured, but in the raw state.

Richard Southey, C. M. G.,
Ker Baillie Hamilton, C.B., 1834.
Sir Rawson W. Rawson, K.C.M.G., C.B., 1854.
1852.
Eldred Mowbray Cole, 1859.

General Sir R. Percy Douglas, Bart., 1863.
James Christopher Davidson, 1864.
Francis Bertrand Pinney, 1865.
William Downes Griffith, 1866.
Robert Graham, 1868.

Sir John Charles Molteno, K.C.M.G., 1872.
Henry White, 1872.

Sir J. H. de Villiers, Kt., K.C.M.G., 1872, Chief
Justice.

Charles Abercrombie Smith, 1872, Controller and

Auditor General.

John Xavier Merriman, 1875.

John Gordon Sprigg, 1878, Treasurer of Colony.

Thomas Upington, Q.C., 1878, Premier

Attorney-General.

John Miller, 1878.
William Ayliff, 1878.

John Laing, 1878.

Lord Chelmsford, G.C.B., 1878.

Henry William Pearson, 1878.

James Weston Leonard, Q.C., 1881.

Sir Thomas Charles Scanlen, K.C.M.G., 1881.
Charles William Hutton, 1881.
Jacobus Wilhelmus Sauer, 1881.
John Hendrik Hofmeyr, 1881.
Cecil John Rhodes, 1884.

and

Frederic Schermbruker, 1884, Commissioner of
Crown Lands and Public Works.

Jacobus Albertus de Wet, 1884, Secretary for
Native Affairs.

John Tudhope, 1885, Colonial Secretary.
Clerk to the Executive Council and Confidential Clerk,
Charles H. Pennell, 4002.

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The Hon. J. G. Steytler.

The Hon. Jacobus Arnoldus Combrinck. The Hon. Marthinus Laurentius Neethling. North-Western Province:

The Hon. Petrus Benjamin van Rhyn.
The Hon. Thomas Tennant Heatlie.
The Hon. Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr.

South-Western Province:

The Hon. Johan Frederick Taute.
The Hon. Pieter Hermanus du Plessis.
The Hon. Pieter Lourens van der Byl.
Midland Province:-

The Hon. Rudolph Philippus Botha.
The Hon. W. A. Joubert.

The Hon. Jacobus Arnoldus Burger.

South-Eastern Province:—

The Hon. William Guybon Atherstone.
The Hon. Alfred Ebden.
The Hon. John Miller.

North-Eastern Province:

The Hon. Louis Henri Meurant.
The Hon. D. P. van de Heever.
The Hon. Robert Mitford Bowker.

Eastern Province:—

The Hon. Frederic Schermbrucker.
The Hon. Thomas Brown.

The Hon. J. P. Bertram.

Griqualand West:

The Hon. William Ross.

House of Assembly Establishment.

Clanwilliam

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Lewis A. Vincent.

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William Ayliff.

Colesberg

Cradock.

Graaff-Reinet

Graham's Town. Kimberley

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Alfred G. Robertson.

Arthur Douglass.

Jacobus Nicholas Rothman

John E. Wood.

George Garcia Wolf.

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George Henry Goch.

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H. W. Bidwell, Shorthand Writer and Clerk, 3601.

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Albany

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Joseph Garbett Wood.

Robert Crosbie.

Uitenhage

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Charles Tennant Jones.

Marthinus Johannes du

Plessis.

Petrus Jacobus du Toit.

Thomas Philippus Theron.

Thomas Daniel Barry.

Johannes Jacobus Nel.

Jacobus Albertus de Wet.

William Henry Hockly.
Philippus A. Myburgh.
Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr.

Andries Hendrick du Toit.
Hercules Petrus du Preez.

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John Tudhope.

James Rose Innes, jun.

Stephen Johnson.

Abraham Barend de Villiers,

P.J.'s son.

Abraham Stephanus le Roex.

Jacobus Albertus van Zyl.

Jacob Isaac de Villiers. Jacob de Vos.

Joseph Walker.

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