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To hide me, and the dark intent I bring.
O foul descent! that I who erst contended
With Gods to fit the high’est, am now constrain'd
Into a beast, and mix'd with bestial flime, 165
This essence to incarnate and imbrute,
That to the highth of deity aspir’d;
But what will not ambition and revenge
Descend to? who aspires must down as low
As high he soar'd, obnoxious first or last

.170
To bafest things. Revenge, at first though sweet,
Bitter ere long back on itself recoils ;
Let it; I reck not, so it light well aim'd,

Since 164. am now constrain'd &c.] opposition than the adverb down. The construction is, am now forc'd But yet this way of speaking is agreeinto a beast, and to incarnate &c. able to what Milton says in X. 503 The verb constrain'd governs both

But the members; and there are innu

and enter now into full bliss, merable instances (as Mr. Richardson In both places the adverbs are used observes) in Milton, Horace, and as verbs, or some verb of motion is the best Latin and Greek poets, of to be supplied in the sense. Pearce, the same verb governing in one mem- There is a most beautiful instance of ber of the period a noun &c and in the use of fuch adverbs for verbs in the other a verb &c.

Spakespear, 2 Henry IV. A&IV. 166. This esence to incarnate and

For now a time is come to mock imbrute,] So also in his Mask,

at form; The soul grows clotted by contagion, Henry the fifth is crown'd: up, VaImbodies and imbrutes. Thyer.

nity! 169. who aspires must down

Down, royal State !

173; Let it;] Let revenge recoil As high he foar"d,] Rather must on itself, I reck not, I value not, jo fink as low says Dr. Bentley because it light well aim'd, fince higher I it is better to have some verb in the fall soort, on him who next provokes

my

up,

as low

Since higher I fall short, on him who next
Provokes my envy, this new favorite

175
Of Heav'n, this man of clay, son of despite,
Whom us the more to spite his Maker rais’d
From duft: spite then with spite is best repaid.

So saying, through each thicket dank or dry, Like a black mist low creeping, he held on 180 His midnight search, where soonest he might find The serpent : him fast sleeping soon he found In labyrinth of many a round self-roll’d, His head the midst, well stor'd with subtle wiles: Not yet in horrid shade or dismal den, 185

Nor my envy, so it light on Man, fince I cular observation of the ingenious cannot accomplish my revenge on Mr. Addison. There is not in my God. A truly diabolical sentiment opinion any one in the whole book this. So he can but be any ways re- that is worked up with greater judgveng'd, he does not value tho' his ment, or better suited to the charevenge recoil on himself.

racter of the speaker. There is all 176. - fon of despite, 'T'is a the horror and malignity of a fiendHebraism by which wicked men are like Spirit express’d, and yet this is termed fons of Belial Deut. XIII. 13. so artfully temper'd with Satan's fudvaliant men, fons of courage 2 Sam. den starts of recollection upon the II. 7. untameable beasts, fons of pride meanness and folly of what he was Job XLI. 25. the disciples, fons of going to undertake, as plainly show light Luke XVI. 8. So Satan calls the remains of the Arch-Angel, and man the son of despite, the ofspring the ruins of a superior nature. of hatred and envy, created to in

Thyer. crease his punishment, by seeing this 178. spite then with spite is man of clay substituted into that glo beft repaid.] Æschylus Prorious station of him forlorn, outcast meth. 944. of Heaven.

Hume.
I have often wonder'd that this

Ούλως υβριζειν τας υβριζονίας

Richardson. speech of Satan's escaped the parti,

Xpear.

186. Nor

Nor nocent yet, but on the grassy herb
Fearless unfear'd he slept: in at his mouth
The Devil enter'd, and his brutal sense,
In heart or head, poffeffing soon inspir'd
With act intelligential; but his sleep

190
Disturb'd not, waiting close th' approach of morn.
Now when as facred light began to dawn
In Eden on the humid flow'rs, that breath'd
Their morning incense, when all things that breathe,
From th' earth's great altar send up silent praise 195

To 186. Nor nocent yet,] Thus it is in day. The first day we reckon that the second and in the subsequent edi. wherein Satan came to the earth ; tions ; in the first edition it is Not the space of seven days after that he nocent yet.

was coasting round the earth; he 186. the grassy herb] So we comes into Paradise again by night, have in Virgil, Ecl. V. 26. graminis and this is the beginning of the berbam.

ninth day, and the last of Man's 192. Now when as sacred light &c.] innocence and happiness. And the The author gives us a description of morning often is called facred by the the morning, which is wonderfully poets, because that time is usually suitable to a divine poem, and pecu- allotted to sacrifice and devotion, as liar to that first season of nature: He Eustathius says in his remarks

upon represents the earth, before it was Homer. curs'd, as a great altar, breathing 193. In Eden on the humid flow'rs, out its incense from all parts, and

that breath'd sending up a pleasant savor to the Their morning incense, when all nostrils of its Creator ; to which he things that breathe,] Here adds a noble idea of Adam and Eve, Milton gives to the English word as offering their morning worship, breathe, which is generally used in and filling up the universal consort a more confin'd sense, the extensive of praise and adoration. Addison. fignification of the Latin fpirare, imiThis is the morning of the ninth tating perhaps Spenser, Fairy Queen day, as far as we can reckon the B. 1. Cant 4. St. 38. time in this poem, a great part of With pleasance of the breathing the aâion lying out of the sphere of fields yfed. Thyer.

197. With

205

To the Creator, and his nostrils fill
With grateful smell, forth came the human pair,
And join’d their vocal worship to the quire
Of creatures wanting voice ; that done, partake
The season, prime for sweetest sents and airs : 200
Then commune how that day they best may ply
Their growing work: for much their work outgrew,
The hands dispatch of two gard’ning so wide,
And Eve first to her husband thus began.
Adam, well may we labor still to dress

This 197. With grateful smell,] This manner situation was formerly very is in the stile of the eastern poetry. absurdly spelt with a c scituation: but So it is said Gen. VIII. 21. The Lord in this and all other instances the smelled a sweet favor.

etymology best regulates the spelling.

And as Milton thus commends the 199. that done,] Our author

morning, always supposes Adam and Eve to employ their first and their last hours The season, prime for sweetest sents in devotion. And they are only

and airs ; would-be-wits, who do not believe fo he was himself an early riser. See and worship a God. The greatest what he says of himself in his Apogeniuses in all ages from Homer to logy for Smeelymnuus, p. 109. Vol. i. Milton appear plainly by their writ. Edit. 1738. "“ My morning haunts ings to have been men of piety and “ are where they should be, at home, religion.

not sleeping, or concocting the 200. The season, prime for sweetest surfeits of an irregular feast, but

sents and airs:) Sents, lo “ up and stirring, in winter often Milton spells it, doubtless from the “ ere the sound of any bell awake Latin fentiendo. And so Skinner spells « men to labor, or to devotion ; in it, and this is the true way of spel- “ summer as oft with the bird that ling it. I presume, it was first spelt“ first rouses, or not much tardier, with a cfcent, to distinguish it from “ to read good authors, or cause the participle sent mifius; but the “ them to be read, till the attention fense will sufficiently distinguish the “ be weary, or memory have its one from the other. And in like “ full fraught.

213, Or

4

4

This garden, still to tend plant, herb and flower,
Our pleasant task injoin’d, but till more hands
Aid us, the work under our labor grows,
Luxurious by restraint; what we by day
Lop overgrown, or prune, or prop, or bind, 210
One night or two with wanton growth derides
Tending to wild. Thou therefore now advise,
Or bear what to my mind first thoughts present ;
Let us divide our labors, thou where choice
Leads thee, or where most needs, whether to wind 215
The woodbine round this arbor, or direct
The clasping ivy where to climb, while I

In 213. Or bear what to my mind) of love, which the father of manSo second edition has it; in the kind so finely describes in the eighth first it is Or hear. Either will do, book, shows itself here in many fine and we find sometimes the one and instances: as in those fond regards sometimes the other in the following he cast towards Eve at her parting editions.

from him, ver. 397. 226. To whom mild answer Adam Her long with ardent look his eye

thus return'd.] The dispute pursued which follows between our two first Delighted &c: parents is represented with great in his impatience and amusement art: It proceeds from a difference during her absence, ver. 838.

Adam the while, manag'd with reason, not with heat: It is such a dispute as we may fup

Waiting desirous her return, had

wove pose might have happen'd in Para

Of choicest flow'rs a garland &c: dise, had Man continued happy and innocent. There is a great delicacy but particularly in that passionate in the moralities which are inter- speech, where seeing her irrecoveraspersed in Adam's discourse, and bly lost, he resolves to perish with which the most ordinary reader can- her rather than to live without her, not but take notice of, That force ver. 904.

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