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In yonder spring of roses intermix'd
With myrtle, find what to redress till noon:
For while so near each other thus all day 220
Our task we choose, what wonder if so near
Looks intervene and smiles, or object new
Casual discourse draw on, which intermits
Our day's work brought to little, though begun
Early, and th’ hour of supper comes unearn’d. 225

To whom mild answer Adam thus return'd.
Sole Eye, affociate sole, to me beyond
Compare above all living creatures dear,
Well hast thou motion'd, well thy thoughts employ'd

How fome cursed fraud Milton sometimes uses the substantive Of enemy hath beguil'd thee &c: for an adjective, and an adjective The beginning of this speech, and for a substantive. And here we may the preparation to it, are animated verb of a noun, and again a noun of

a with the same spirit as the conclusion which I have here quoted. Addison. beyond compare, and VI. 549.

a verb. A noun of a verb as here, 227. Sole Eve, asociate fole,] Sole Instant without disturb they took affociate (says Dr. Bentley) is very alarm. well, but Sole Eve would deserve in reply Sole Adam: he therefore pro

And a verb of a noun, as in VII.412. nounces that Milton gave it o Eve, Tempejt the ocean. and quotes two passages for the le. And in like manner he makes the gality of this interjection O, join'd adjective a verb, as in VI. 440. to Eve. But as she had her name - to better us, and worse our foes; Eve upon account of her being the mother of all living Gen. III. 20. and again

the verb an adjective, as in

VIII. 576. the epithet fole is as properly applied to Eve as to associate.


Made so adorn. 227. beyond - Compare] I Several other instances in each kind think we took notice before, that might be cited, Vol. II.


239. - fmiles

How we might best fulfil the work which here 230
God hath assign'd us, nor of me shalt pafs
Unprais’d: for nothing lovelier can be found
In woman, than to study houfhold good,
And good works in her husband to promote.
Yet not so strictly hath our Lord impos’d 235
Labor, as to debar us when we need
Refreshment, whether food, or talk between,
Food of the mind, or this fweet intercourse
Of looks and smiles, for smiles from reafon flow, ;
To brute deny'd, and are of love the food,

Love not the lowest end of human life.
For not to irksome toil, but to delight
He made us, and delight to reason join'd.
These paths and bow'rs doubt not but our joint hands
Will keep from wilderness with ease, as wide 245
As we need walk, till younger hands ere long
Affist us: but if much converse perhaps
Thee satiate, to short absence I could yield:


239. — smiles from reason flow,] 244. These paths and boro'rs) So it Smiling is so great an indication of is in the first and best editions, and realon, that some philosophers have not the paths and bow'rs, as both alter'd the definition of man from Dr. Bentley and Mr. Fenton have animal rationale to rifibile, affirming by mistake printed it. man to be the only creature endowed with the power of laughter, Hume. 249. – is best fociety, ] As Scipio

For solitude sometimes is best society, And short retirement urges sweet return, 250 But other doubt possesses me, lest harm Befall thee fever'd from me; for thou know'st What hath been warn'd us, what malicious foe Envying our happiness, and of his own Despairing, seeks to work us woe and shame 255 By fly assault; and somewhere nigh at hand Watches, no doubt, with greedy hope to find His wish and best advantage, us asunder, Hopeless to circumvent us join'd, where each To other speedy aid might lend at need; 260 Whether his first design be to withdraw Our feälty from God, or to disturb Conjugal love, than which perhaps no bliss Enjoy'd by us excites his envy more ; Or this, or worse, leave not the faithful side. 265 That gave

thee be’ing, still shades thee and protects. The wife, where danger or dishonor lurks,


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faid, Never less alone than when sweet: the word urges is to be realone. Nunquam minus solus quam ferr’d to retirement only, and not to cum folus.

the epithet, which Adam seems to

annex to it, only because he could 250. And foort retirement urges not bear to think of a long one. sweet return.) Retirement,

Pearce. tho' but thortmakes the return

270. - the

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Safest and seemlieft by her husband stays,
Who guards her, or with her the worst indures.

To whom the virgin majesty of Eve, 270
As one who loves, and some unkindness meets,
With sweet austere composure thus reply'd.

Ofspring of Heav'n and Earth, and all Earth’s Lord, That such an enemy we have, who seeks Our ruin, both by thee inform’d I learn,

275 And from the parting Angel over-heard, As in a shady nook I stood behind, Just then return’d at shut of evening flowers. But that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt

Ta 270. - the virgin majesty of Eve,] natural notation of evening is this! The Ancients usd the word virgin and a proper time for her, who had with more latitude than we, as Vir- gone forth among her fruits and flowers, gil Eclog. VI. 47. calls Pasiphae VIII. 44. to return. But we muit virgin after she had had three chil. not conceive that Eve is speaking of dren, and Ovid calls Medea Adul- the evening last part, for this was a tera virgo. Ovid. Epift. Hypsip. Jaf. week ago. Satan was caught tempt133. It is put here to denote beauty, ing Eve in a dream, and Hed out of bloom, sweetness, modefty, and all Paradise that night, and with this the amiable characters which are ends book the fourth. After he had usually found in a virgin, and these filed out of Paradise, he was ranging with matron majesty; what a pic- round the world seven days: but we ture! Richardson.

have not any account of Adam and It is probable that Milton adopted Eve excepting only on the first of this adjetive sense of the word vir. those days, which begins with the gin from the Italian virginale, which beginning of book the fifth, where is an epithet very frequent in their Eve relates her dream; that day at poets when describing beauty, mo- noon the Angel Raphael comes down desty, &c. Tbyer.

from Heaven ; the Angel and Adam 278. Just then return'd at shut of discourse together till evening, and evening flowers] What a they part at the end of book the

* eighth


To God or thee, because we have a foe 280
May tempt it, I expected not to hear.
His violence thou fear'st not, being such
As we, not capable of death or pain,
Can either not receive, or can repel.
His fraud is then thy fear, which plain infers 285
Thy equal fear that my firm faith and love
Can by his fraud be shaken or seduc’d;
Thoughts, which how found they harbour in thy breast,
Adam, misthought of her to thee so dear ?

To whom with healing words Adam reply'd. 290
Daughter of God and Man, immortal Eve,

For eigbuh. There are fix days there- Compare above all living creatures fore paft in filence, and we hear no dear. more of Adam and Eve, till Satan if I am so dear to you, as you said, had stolen again into Paradise.

how can you thus think amiss of me? 282. His violence thou fear's not,] This was a good argument in Eve's Adam had not said so exprešly, but mouth. Pearce, had implied as much in inlarging particularly upon his sy afault, ver.

291. Daughter of God and Man,

immortal Eve] As Eve had

called Adam Ofspring of Heav'n and 289. Adam, misthought of her to Earth, as made by God out of the

thee so dear?) Dr. Bentley dust of the Earth'; fo Adam calls says thai these words express Adam's Eve Daughter of God and Man, as affection to her, and not hers to him, made by God out of Man; and acas the sense requires : He therefore knowledges her to be immortal, as she reads to thee so true? But Milton had said herself

, ver. 283. that they gave it dear, and made Eve here were not capable of death or pain; allude to what Adam had said of her but only so long as she was entire in ver. 227.

from fin and blame : integer vitæ,

scelerisque purus. Hor. Od. 1. to me beyond

K 3

312. while

256. &c.

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