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decay,

Of his eternal empire, but the more
To magnify his works, the more we know,
And the great light of day yet wants to run
Much of his race though steep; suspense in Heaven,
Held by thy voice, thy potent voice, he hears, 100
And longer will delay to hear thee tell
His generation, and the rising birth
Of nature from the unapparent deep:

: Or if the star of evening and the moon Haste to thy audience, night with her will bring 105

Silence, 98. And the great light of day yet Till in the vault of Heav'n the stars

wants to run &c.] Our author has improv'd upon Homer, Odyff. And the sky reddens with the rising XI. 372. where Alcinous by the

day. Broome, lame sort of arguments endevors to persuade Ulysses to continue his Mr. Thyer is of opinion, that there narration ; only there it was night, is not a greater instance of our and here the scene is by day. author's exquisite skill in the art of

poetry, than this and the following NUE dinde para paxpu, aleo- lines. There is nothing more, reQarord's ww wpt

ally to be express'd, than Adam's 'Eufe ev lesy a pase ou de los telling Raphael his desire to hear λεγε θεσκελα εργα. .

the continuance of his relation, and Και κεν ες ηω διαν αναχοίμην

yet the poet by a series of strong and noble figures has work'd it up

into half a score of as fine lines as And lo! a length of night behind

any
in the whole poem.

Lord remains,

Shaftsbury has obferved, that MilThe evening stars still mount thton's beauties generally depend upon ethereal plains.

folid thought, strong reasoning, noThy tale with raptures I could hear ble paffion, and a continued thread thee tell,

of moral doctrin; but in this place Thy woes on Earth, the wondrous and mere force of poetry can do.

he has shown what an exalted fancy Scenes in Hell,

99. - fuf

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Silence, and sleep list’ning to thee will watch,
Or we can bid his absence, till thy fong
End, and dismiss thee ere the morning shine.

Thus Adam his illustrious guest befought:
And thus the Godlike Angel anfwer'd mild. 110
This also thy request with caution ask'd
Obtain: though to recount almighty works
What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice,
Or heart of man fuffice to comprehend ?
Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve 115

To 99. fufpenfe in Heaven, Et mutata fuos requierunt flumina Held by thy voice, thy potent cursus.

voice, be hears). We have here alter'd the punctuation of the Nay, charms and verses can bring first editions, which was thus,

the moon down from Heaven, fufpense in Heaven

Carmina vel cælo possunt deducere Held by thy voice, thy potent voice lunam :

ver. 69. he hears,

and well therefore may Milton supfor after it is said he is held suspense pose the sun to delay, suspended in in Heaven by thy waice, to fay be bears Heaven, to hear the Angel tell his tby voice is poor and low indeed. generation, and especially fince we He malt

t for hear it before he can read that the sun did stand till at be held by it. We have therefore the voice of Jolhua. follow'd the punctuation of Dr. Pearce; and the sense seems plain,

103. — unapparent deep :] Where as he has pointed these verses, Held nothing was to be seen according to by iby patent voice, he hears suspense Gen. I. 2. Darkness was upon the is Heaven, that is he stops and face of the deep. Hume. hearkens, he itays and is attentive. The poets often feign the rivers to 110. And thus the Godlike Angel ftop their course, and other inani answer'd mild] The Anmate parts of nature to hear the gel's encouraging our first parents in songs of Orpheus and the like, Virg. a modeft pursuit after knowledge,

with the causes which he aligns for

the

Ecl. VIII. 4.

To glorify the Maker, and infer
Thee also happier, shall not be withheld
Thy hearing, such commission from above
I have receiv'd, to answer thy desire
Of knowledge within bounds; beyond abstain

120
To ask, nor let thine own inventions hope
Things not reveal’d, which th' invisible King,
Only omniscient, hath suppress’d in night,
To none communicable in Earth or Heaven:
Enough is left besides to search and know.

125 But knowledge is as food, and needs no less Her temp’rance over appetite, to know In measure what the mind may well contain

3 Oppresses else with surfeit, and soon turns

Wisdom the creation of the world, are very ture use of this term, to which, ! just and beautiful. Addifon. make no doubt, Milton alluded.

Thus they provoked him to anger with 116. and infer

their own inventions, Pfal. CVI. 29. Thee happier,] And by inference And went a whoring with their own make thee happier.

inventions, ver, 38. The two fol- nor let thine own inven- lowing lines are almost a litteral

tions hope) Milton seems here translation of these two in Horace, to allude to Éccles. VII. 29. they Od. III. XXIX. 29. have fought out many inventions ;

Prudens futuri temporis exitum which commentators explain by rea- Caliginosa nocte premit Deus, sonings. No need then for Dr. Bent

Thyer. ley's conceptions. Pearce. Dr. Bentley misiking the word in. 122. - th' invisible King,] As ventions changes it for conceptions, God is filed in Scripture the invifiwhich, I fancy, he would not have ble King, 1 Tim. I. 17. so this is the done, had he considered the Scrip. propereft epithet that could have

been

121.

Wisdom to folly', as nourishment to wind. 130

Know then, that after Lucifer from Heaven (So call him, brighter once amidst the host Of Angels, than that star the stars among) Fell with his flaming legions through the deep Into his place, and the great Son return’d 135 Victorious with his Saints, th'omnipotent Eternal Father from his throne beheld Their multitude, and to his Son thus fpake.

At least our envious foe hath faild, who thought All like himself rebellious, by whose aid This inaccessible high strength, the seat Of deity supreme, us difpoffess’d, He trusted to have seis'd, and into fraud

Drew

140

been employ'd here, when he is 143. - and into fraud speaking of things not reveal'd, fup Drew many,] Fraud in common press'd in night, to none communicable acceptation means no more than is Earth or Heaven, neither to Men deceit, but often fignifies misfortune. nor Angels, as it is said of the day Milton, who lo constantly makes of judgment, Mat. XXIV. 36. Of Latin or Greek of English, does it that day and bour knoweth no Man, here, and extends the idea to the nd not tbe Angels of Heaven, but my misery, the punifhment consequent Farber only.

upon the deceit, as well as the de135. Into his place,] As the traitor ceit itself

. So that Satan is said here, Judas is faid likewise to go to bis not only to have drawn many into mon place, Acts I. 25.

fraud, not only that he 139. At leaft] I don't like taking allur'd them, and with lies liberties with the original text, or Drew after him the third part of elle I should choose to read At last. Heav'n's host,

Thyer. VOL. II.

B

28

155

Drew many, whom their place knows here no more; ,
Yet far the greater part have kept; I see, 145
Their station, Heav'n yet populous retains,
Number sufficient to possess her realms
Though wide, and this high temple to frequent
With ministeries due and folemn rites:
But left his heart exalt him in the harm

150
Already done, to have difpeopled Heaven,
My damage fondly deem'd, I can repair
That detriment, if such it be to lose
Self-loft, and in a moment will create
Another world, out of one man a race
Of men innumerable, there to dwell,
Not here, till by degrees of merit rais’d

They as V.709. but that he ruin'd as well tion was instantaneous, but the efas cheated them, I. 609.

fects of it were made visible and apMillions of Spirits for his fault pear'd in six days in condescenfion

to the capacities of Angels ; and is amerc'd Of Heav'n, and from eternal splen- to the capacities of Men.

fo related by Mofes in condescenfion dors flung

160.And Eartb bechang'd to Heau's For his revolt. Richardson.

and Heav'n to Earth,] Milton's 144. — whom their place knows meaning seems to have been this,

here no more ;] A Scripture That Earth would be so happy in expression, Job VII. 10. neither shall being inhabited by obedient creatures, his place know him any more. Plal. that it would be chang'd' to i. es real CII, 16. and the place thereof shall semble Heaven; and Heaven by know it no more.

receiving those creatures would in 154. and in a moment] Our this resemble Earth, that it would author seems to favor the opinion be lock'd with men for its inhabis of come Divines, that God's crea- tants. Pearce. Or thus in short,

the

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