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Thou never from that hour in Paradise
Found'st either sweet repast, or sound repose;
Such ambush hid among sweet flow'rs and shades
Waited with hellish rancor imminent
To intercept thy way, or send thee back

Despoil'd of innocence, of faith, of bliss.
For now, and since first break of dawn the Fiend,
Mere serpent in appearance, forth was come,
And on his quest, where likeliest he might find
The only two of mankind, but in them

The whole included race, his purpos’d prey.
In bow'r and field he fought, where any

Of grove or garden-plot more pleasant lay,
Their tendence or plantation for delight;
By fountain or by shady rivulet

420 He sought them both, but wilh'd his hap might find


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the day

Shall wish the fatal belt were far how little events answer our exaway,

pectations. And curse the dire remembrance of Dryden.

408. Such ambush bid) So it is in

Milton's own editions, and I know And Homer Iliad. XVII.

497 not how it comes to be printed Such Nnt101, xdi ap' texnor avalua- ambija laid, but so both Dr. Bentley τει γε νεεθαι. .

and Mr. Fenton have printed it. There is something very moving 427 oft fiaoping to support in such reflections concerning the Each flow'r of flender jalk, — vanity of all human hopes, and mindless the while


Eve separate, he wish'd, but not with hope
Of what so seldom chanc'd, when to his wish,
Beyond his hope, Eve separate he spies,
Veil'd in a cloud of fragance, where she stood, 425
Half spy'd, so thick the roses bushing round
About her glow'd, oft stooping to support
Each flow'r of slender stalk, whose head though gay
Carnation, purple', azure, or speck'd with gold,
Hung drooping unfustain'd; them she upstays 430
Gently with myrtle band, mindless the while
Herself, though fairest unsupported flower,
From her best prop so far, and form so nigh.
Nearer he drew, and many a walk travérs’d
Of stateliest covert, cedar, pine, or palm, 435
Then voluble and bold, now hid, now seen
Among thick-woven arborets and flowers


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Herself, though fairejt unsupported 434. Nearer be drew, &c.] The

flower,] We have the same several wiles which are put in pracmanner of speaking in IV. 269. tice by the tempter, when he found 'where Proserpin gathering

Eve separated from her husband, the flowers,

many pleasing images of nature Herself a fairer flow'r by gloomy the Nory, with its gradual and regu

which are intermix'd in this part of Dis Was gather'd.

lar progress to the fatal catastrophe,

are lo veiy remarkable, that it would A thought that must have pleas'd be fuperfluous to point out their reour author, fince he has it a second spective beauties. Addison. time. VOL. II,


438. Iga

Imborder'd on each bank, the hand of Eve:
Spot more delicious than those gardens feign'd
Or of reviv'd Adonis, or renown'd

Alcinous, host of old Laertes son,
Or that, not mystic, where the fapient king
Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse.

Much 438. Imborder'd on each barik,] dens of Adonis or Alcinous are feign'd Dr. Bentley believes that Milton gave to be. Of reviv'd Adonis; for after it Imbroider'd, proper to thick-woven. he was kill'd by the wild boar, it is But imborderd is the right word ac- said that at Venus's request he was cording to Bishop Kennet, who in reftor'd to life. And we learn from his glossary to his Parochial Anti. St. Jerom, Cyril

, and other writers, quities in the word Bordarii fays, that his anniversary festival was Some derive it from the old Gallic opend with sorrow and mourning' bords, the limits or extremes of any for his death, and concluded with extent: as the borders of a county and finging and rejoicing for his revival. the borderers or inhabitants in those It is very true, as Dr. Bentley says, parts. Whence the bordure of a gar. that Knto AdwidG, the gardens ment, and to imborder which we of Adonis, fo frequently mention'd corrupt to imbroider. See also Fure. by Greek writers, Plato, Plutarch&c. tiere's French Dictionary on the were nothing but portable earthen words Brodeur and Embordurer. pots with some lettice or fenel

Pearce. growing in them, and thrown away Imborder'd on each bank, the banks of Adonis: whence the gardens of

the next day after the yearly festival were border'd with the flowers, the Adonis grew to be a proverb of conband of Eve, the handiwork of Eve, tempt for any fruitless, fading, as we say of a picture that it is the hand of such or fuch a master. replies, Why did the Grecians on

perishable affair. But, as Dr. Pearce And thus Virgil, Æn. I. 455.

Adonis's festival carry these small Artificumque manus inter se operum- earthen gardens about in honor of que laborem

him ? was it not because they had a Miratur.

tradition, that when he was alive

he delighted in gardens, and had a 439. Spot more delicious &c.] He magnificent one? Pliny mentions is not speaking here of Paradise in the gardens of Adonis and Alcinous general, but of this particular spot, together as Milton does. There is the handiwork of Eve; and he lays nothing that the Ancients admir'd it was more delicious than the gar, more ihan the gardens of the Hefpe

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Much he the place admir'd, the person more.
As one who long in populous city pent, 445
Where houses thick and sewers annoy the air,
Forth issuing on a summer's morn to breathe
Among the pleasant villages and farms
Adjoin'd, from each thing met conceives delight,

The rides, and thofe of the kings Adonis Waxing well of his deep wound and Alcinous. Antiquitas nihil prius In Number soft : mirata eft quam Hesperidum hortos, And in his Defenfio Secunda he menac regum Adonidis & Alcinoi. Plin. tions both the gardens of Alcinous Nat. Hift. Lib. XIX. cap. 4.


and Adonis, and here calls them Italian poet Marino in his L’Adone, feign'd, which sufficiently diftinCant. VI. describes the gardens of guilhes these gardens of Adonis from

those little earthen pots which were Demonftr. Evangel

. Prop. 4. cap. 3. really exhibited at his festival. And sect

. 3. fays of the Greeks, Regem the gardens of Alcinous he has alAdonidem horforum curæ impensè fu- luded to before V. 341. Alcinous, ifle deditum narrantes. Our country host to old Laertes fon, that is to man Spenser celebrates the gardens of Ulysses whom he entertain'd in his Adonis in his Fairy Queen, Book 3. return from Troy, as Homer informs Cant. 6. the title of which is

us Odyssey book the 7th, where he The gardens of Adonis, fraught gives us a charming description of

With pleasures manifold ; his gardens; which Mr. Pope sewhere he likewife gives an account works, and translated and publish'd

lected from other parts of Homer's of his death and revival. Shake in the Guardian before he attempted spear too mentions the garden of the rest. Or that, not myfic, not Adonis, 1 Part of Henry VI. AX I. fabulous as the rest, not allegorical The Dauphin speaks to Pucelle,

as some have fancied, but a real Thy promises are like Adonis' garden, which Solomon made for garden,

his wife the daughter of Pharaoh That one day bloom'd, and fruit. king of Egypt. See Canticles. And ful were the next. .

thus, as the most beautiful countries

in the world, IV. 268. And Milton himself in the Mask could not vy with Paradise, so nei

ther could the most delicious gar

dens equal this flow'ry plat, the sweet Beds of hyacinth and roses, Where young Adonis oft reposes,

recess of Eve.

450.- tedded


fpeaks of

L 2

The smell of grain, or tedded grass, or kine, 450
Or dairy', each rural sight, each rural sound;
If chance with nymphlike step fair virgin pass,
What pleasing seem’d, for her now pleases more,
She most, and in her look sums all delight:
Such pleasure took the Serpent to behold 455
This flow'ry plat, the sweet recess of Eve
Thus early, thus alone; her heav'nly form
Angelic, but more soft, and feminine,
Her graceful innocence, her every


Of 450. – tedded grass,) Grass just nature with that betwixt the Saracen mow'd and spread for drying. king Aladin and the Italian virgin

Richardson. Sophronia in the ad Canto of Tailo's See likewise Lye's Junii Etymologi- Jerusalem: and tho' perhaps it would cum under the word Tede.

be going too far to say that Milton 453. What pleasing feem'd, for her has borrowed from thence, yet I

now pleases more,] Did not think it must give the reader some the beautiful assemblage of proper pleasure to see, how two great gecircumstances in this charmingly na- niuses naturally fall into the same tural and familiar fimile lead one to thoughts upon similar subjects, Milthink, that Milton took the hint ton speaking of Eve fays, of it from some 'real scene of this


fort, which had some time or other
smit his fancy, I should be apt to

Of gesture or leaft action over

aw'd think that he alluded to this same

His malice, &c. thought in Spenser, who describing his hero Guyon with a fair lady upon Tasso speaking of Sophronia's ada little iland adorn'd with all the dressing herself to the fierce Aladin beauties of nature adds, Fairy says, Queen, B. 2. Cant. 6. St. 24.

Á l' honefta baldanza, a l'impro

viso And all though pleasant, yet the made much more. Thyer.

Folgorar di bellezze altere, e fante,

Quali confuso il re, quasi conquiso 457. - her beav'nly form &c.] Frenò lo sdegno, é placò il fier This is a scene of much the same sembiante.


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