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Of gesture or least action overaw'd

460 His malice, and with rapin sweet bereav'd His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought : That space the Evil one abstracted stood From his own ev'il, and for the time remain'd Stupidly good, of enmity disarm’d,

465 Of guile, of hate, of envy,

of

revenge ;
But the hot Hell that always in him burns,
Though in mid Heav'n, foon ended his delight,
And tortures him now more, the more he sees

Of How like again is what Milton says cumstances, the English poet vastly of Satan,

excels the Italian both in Itrength of That space the Evil one abstracted sentiments, and beauty of expresion.

It stood

may

be further observed, that From his own evil, and for the there never was a finer or juster comtime remain'd

pliment paid to beauty than is here Stupidly good,

by Milton, as it is not made up of

rant and rhapsody as most of this to what Tasso says of the state of kind are, but only saying what one Aladin's mind,

may easily imagin might have really Fù ftupor, fù vaghezza, e fu diletto, happend upon the light of so deS'amor non fù, che mosse il cor lightful a scene. Thyer. villano!

462. His fierceness of the fierce intent]

Tho' Dr. Bentley ibinks it jejune, They both also agree in making yet such a repetition is not uncomeach of them immediately to relaple mon in the belt poets. into their first character. Milton

then soon Et nostro doluisti faepe dolore. Fierce hate he recollects, —

Virg. Æn. I. 669. Tallo,

468. Though in mid Hear'n,] That Qui comincia il tirranno a risdeg. Heaven, or it may be understood as

is, would do though he were in narsi:

if he were sometimes in Heaven, It must be own'd however, that not, and justify'd by Job I. 6. II, la withstanding this fimilitude of cir. There was a day, when the sons of

L 3

God

476

480

Of pleasure not for him ordain'd: then foon

470 Fierce hate he recollects, and all his thoughts Of mischief, gratulating, thus excites.

Thoughts, whither have ye led me! with what sweet Compulsion thus transported to forget What hither brought us! hate, not love, nor hope Of Paradise for Hell, hope here to taste Of pleasure, but all pleasure to destroy, Save what is in destroying; other joy To me is lost. Then let me not let pass Occasion which now smiles; behold alone The woman, opportune to all attempts, Her husband, for I view far round, not nigh, Whose higher intellectual more I shun, And strength, of courage haughty, and of limb

Heroic God came to present themselves before Eve had said before that they were the Lord, and Satan came alfo among nat capable of death or paix, ver. 283. them to prefire himself before the that is as long as they continued in. Lord. And Satan peaks to the nocent. fame purpose in Paradise Regain’d, 490. Not terrible, though terror be I. 366.

in love nor from the Heav'n of Heav'ns And beauty, not approach'd by Hath he excluded my resort some Aronger hate,] Satan had been times &c.

saying that he dreaded Adam, such 478. other joy

was his strength of body and mind, To me is loft.] How exactly does and his own so debas'd from what Milton nake Satan keep up the cha: it was in Heaven: but. Eve (he goes racter he had affum'd in the fourth on to say) is lovely, not terrible, book, where he says

though terror be in love and beauty, Evil oe thou my good &c! Thyer. unlels 'tis approach'd by a mind 486. — exempt from wound,] As arm'd with hate as bis is; a hate

the

485

490

Heroic built, though of terrestrial mold,
Foe not informidable, exempt from wound,
I not; so much hath Hell debas'd, and pain
Infeebled me, to what I was in Heaven.
She fair, divinely fair, fit love for Gods,
Not terrible, though terror be in love
And beauty, not approach'd by stronger hate,
Hate stronger, under show of love well feign'd,
The way which to her ruin now I tend.

So spake the enemy' of mankind, inclos'd
In serpent, inmate bad, and toward Eve

495 Address’d his way, not with indented wave, Prone on the ground, as fince, but on his rear, Circular base of rising folds, that tower'd Fold above fold a surging maze, his head

Crested the greater, as ’tis disguis'd under indenture, notched and going in and diffembled love. An excellent writer out like the teeth of a law: and (Dr. Pearce) hath observed on this Shakespear applies it likewise to the passage that “ A beautiful woman motions of a snake in As you like it, " is approach’d with terror, unless AQ IV. “ he who approaches her has a

And with indented glides did flip ftronger hatred of her than her

away. beauty can beget love in him.” 499. Fold above fold &c.] We have

Richardson. the description of such a sort of serSomething like this in Paradise Re- pent in Ovid. Met. III. 32. gain d. II. 159.

cristis præsignis & auro; - virgin majesty with mild Igne micant oculi And sweet allay'd, yet terrible t'ap. llle volubilibus squamosos nexibus proach. Tbser.

orbes 496. - not with indented wave,] Torquet, et immensos saltu sinuatur Indented is of the same derivation as in arcus :

his eyes ;

Crested aloft, and carbuncle his eyes ;

500 With burnish'd neck of verdant gold, erect Amidst his circling spires, that on the grafs

Floted Ac media plus parte leves erectus greater propriety, as he was himself in auras,

now transform'd into a serpent. And Despicit omne nemus &c. in this view it is said that none were Fire broke in flashes when hęglanc'd lovelier, not those that in Illyria

chang'd Hermione and Cadmus. Cada

mus and his wife Harmonia or HerHis tow'ring crest was glorious to behold,

mione, for she is called by cither His shoulders and his sides were Hermione and Cadmus more musical

name, and I presume Milton thought scal'd with gold. Spire above spire upreard in air in verse as it certainly is than Har. he stood,

monia and Cadmus. . This Cadmus And gazing round him overlook'd together with his wife leaving Thebes the wood. Addison

in Baotia, which he had founded

and for diverse misfortunes quitted, But our author has not only imitated and coming into Illyria, they were Ovid, but has ransack'd all the good both turned into serpents for having poets, who have ever made a re- flain one sacred to Mars, as we read markable description of a serpent; in the fourth book of Ovid's Metaand the reader inay observe some morphosis. But the expression, those touches very like Grotius's descrip. that chang'd Hermione and Cadmus, tion of the fame serpent in his tra- has occafion'd some difficulty. Did gedy of Adamus Exul. A IV. those serpents, says Dr. Bentley, oculi ardent duo,

change Hermione and Cadmus? or

were not these, who were man and Carbunculorum lucecertantes rubrą: Adreta cervix surgit, et maculis

woman once, chang'd into ferpents ?

And Dr, Pearce replies, We may nitet Pectus fuperbis : cærulis piâi notis excuse this as a poetical liberty of Sinuantur orbes : tortiles Spiræ mi- expreffion ; 'tis much the same as

the critics have observed in Ovid's cant

Metam. I. 1. where formas mutatas ir Auri colore &c.

nova corpora stands for corpora mutata 504 never since of serpent in novas formas. In both places the

kind &c.] Satan is not here changing is attributed, not to the percompar'd and preferr'd to the finest sons chang’d, but to the forms or and most memorable serpents of an- shapes into which they were chang'd. tiquity, the Python and the reft; which cbang'd Hermione and Cadma!, but only to the most memorable of that is into which Hermione and those ferpents into which others Cadmus were chang’d. So Horace were transform’d; and with the says, Sat. II. VIII. 49.

aceto

man, he kift.

Floted redundant : pleasing was his shape,
And lovely; never since of ferpent kind
Lovelier, not those that in Illyria chang'd 505

Heraceto

Play'd round her neck in many a Quod Methymnæam vițio mutaverit harmless twift, uvam,

And lick'd that bosom which, a for in quod vitio mutata eft uva Methymnæa. If this may not be allow'd And after the wife was changʻd too, to pass, yet I see no reason (says it is said, ver. 602, Dr. Pearce) why the construction Nunc quoque nec fugiunt homimay not be this, not those that in

nem, nec vulnere lædunt: Illyria (were) chang'd, viz. Hermione Quidque prius fuerint, placidi meand Cadmus &c. Or perhaps this; minere dracones, not those that Hermione and Cadmus ibang'd, where chang'd stands for Fearless see men, by men are fearchang'd to, as in X. 540. we have

less feen, the fame way of speaking,

Still mild and conscious what they

once have been. Eusden. for what they saw, They felt themselves now changing. They were therefore ftill Hermione

and Cadmus, though chang'd; as But after all these very ingenious the Devil was still the Devil, though conjectures I conceive the meaning inclos'd in serpent. And thus it may to be as it is express'd, and the ex- be said with the greateft propriety, pression to be the most proper and that none of serpent kind were apposite that could be. The serpents lovelier, not these tbat in Illyria chang'd chang'd Hermione and Cadmus. "The Hermione and Cadmus, or the God in form of serpents was superinduc'd, Epidaurus, that is Æsculapius the but they ftill retain'd the same sense God of physic, the son of Apollo, and memory; and this Ovid says who was worshipped at Epidaurus, exprefly. When Cadmus was first a city of Peloponnesus, and being chang'd, IV. 595.

sent for to Rome in the time of a Ille fuæ lambebat conjugis ora ; plague affumed the form of a ferInquc finus caros, veluti cognof- pent and accompanied the embaffaceret, ibat;

dors, as the story was related in the Et dabat amplexus, affuetaque colla eleventh book of Livy, and may still

be read in the fifteenth book of petebat.

Ovid's Metamorphofis : but tho' he The husband-serpent show'd he ftill was thus chang'd in appearance, he had thought,

was still Æsculapius, In serpente Deus With wonted fondness an embrace as Ovid calls him XV. 670. the deity he fought; in a ferpent, and under that form

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