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Hermione and Cadmus, or the God
In Epidaurus; nor to which transform'd
Ammonian Jove, or Capitoline was seen,
He with Olympias, this with her who bore
Scipio the highth of Rome. With tract oblique 510
At first, as one who fought access, but fear'd
To interrupt, side-long he works his way.
As when a ship by skilful steersman wrought

Nigh

continued to be worshipped at Rome. 513. As when a ship &c.] There Nor were those serpents lovelier, to are some Latin poems of Andrew which transform'd Ammonian Jove Ramsay, a Scotchman in the time of or Capitoline was feen, Jupiter Am. Charles the first, under this title mon and Jupiter Capitolinus, the Poemata sacra Andreæ Ramsæi Pafone the Lybian Jupiter, the other foris Edinburgeni. Edinburgi 1633. the Roman, called Capitoline from The book is now grown very scarce, the Capitol his temple at Rome: but there are few poems in it. The He with Olympias, the frst the pre- principal is one in four books, the tended father of Alexander the great, first of the creation, the second of converfing with his mother Olym- the happy state of man, the third pias in the form of a ferpent; this of the fall of man, the fourth of with ber who bore Scipio ibe highth the redemption of man by Jesus of Rome, the latter fabled in like Chrift: and this poem was recommanner to have been the father of mended to me as a performance to Scipio Africanus, who raised his which Milton had been much oblig'd country and himself to the higheft and indebted: but upon perusing it pitch of glory. Dr Bentley objects I do not well see how two authors to this exprellion tbe bigbtb of Rome. could write so much upon the same But as Dr. Pearce observes in an- subjects, and write more differently. swer, this expression is much of the There are few or no traces to be same nature with Ovid's Summa dudiscover'd of any fimilitude or recum Atrides, Amor. l. 1. el. 9. v. 37. semblance between them, but in the and with Cicero's expression Apex fimile before us, and the following senectutis eft auctoritas. de Senect : one of the Scotch poet, and these The Italians, whose expressions Mil. are so different, and applied so dif, ton often imitates, use altezza in the ferently, that they may both be ori. fame sense, if I remember aright. ginals, or at least not the copy the

one

Nigh river's mouth or foreland, where the wind
Veers oft, as oft so steers, and shifts her fail;

515
So varied he, and of his tortuous train
Curl'd many a wanton wreath in fight of Eve,
To lure her eye; she busied heard the found
Of rusling leaves, but minded not, as us’d
To such disport before her through the field, 520
From every beast, more duteous at her call, ,

Than

one of the other. Milton's is ap- might ftill say with truth that he plied to the oblique motion of the pursued serpent, this of Ramsay to the Devil tempting our Saviour, and when one Things unattempted yet in prose temptation would not avail, trying

or rhime. another :

And in the general it may be said, Ut vento partum qui forte that resemblance is not plagiarism. reflante

Different authors may poflibly hit Non potis est capere, is malos et upon the same thought without bor. lintea vela

rowing from one another. An auCarbaseofque finus obliquat, ten- thor, of great reading especially, dere rectà

may be ting'd and color'd as it were Qua nequit, incurvo radit vada cæ- by his reading; his writings may rula cursu;

have something of the taste of the Sic gnarus versare dolos, et ima. books which he has read without gine falla

his knowing it, as the stream parLudere Tartareus caluber, contin- takes of the qualities of the earth gere metam

thro' which it passes; and he may Se non poffe videns primo moli- sometimes make use of the thoughts mine, cursum

of others, and still believe them his Mutat, et ad palmam converso tra. own. This may be the case with remite tendit.

gard to those authors, whom he is

known to have read ; and much less So that upon the whole it is to be can he be certainly charg'd with question'd whether Milton bad ever stealing from authors, when it is very seen these poems of Ramsay, or uncertain whether he has read them knew any thing of them, and he or not.

523. Than

530

Than at Circean call the herd disguis’d.
He bolder now, uncall'd before her stood,
But as in gaze admiring: oft he bow'd
His turret crest, and fleek enameld neck,

525 Fawning, and lick'd the ground whereon she trod. His gentle dumb expression turn’d at length The eye

of Eve to mark his play; he glad
Of her attention gain’d, with serpent tongue
Organic, or impulse of vocal air,
His fradulent temptation thus began.

Wonder not, sovran Mistress, if perhaps
Thou canst, who art sole wonder; much less arm
Thy looks, the Heav'n of mildness, with disdain,
Displeas’d that I approach thee thus, and gaze 535
Insatiate, I thus single, nor have fear'd
Thy awful brow, more awful thus retir'd.
Fairest resemblance of thy Maker fair,

Thee 522. Than at Circean call tbe berd

530. Organic, or impulse of vocal disguis'd.] All beasts of the air, ] That the Devil moved field used to play and sport before the serpent's tongue, and used it as her, more obedient to her voice, an instrument to form that tempting than men turn'd into beasts by the speech he made to Eve, is the opifamous inchantress Circe were at nion of some; that he form'd a her beck. Ovid. Metam. XIV. 45. voice by impression of the founding

air, diftant from the serpent, is that

of others : of which our author has Agmen adulantûm media procedit left the curious to their choice. ab aula. Hume,

Hume,

perque ferarum

531. His

Thee all things living gaze on, all things thine
By gift, and thy celestial beauty' adore

540
With ravishment beheld, there best beheld
Where universally admir'd; but here
In this inclosure wild, these beasts among,
Beholders rude, and shallow to discern
Half what in thee is fair, one man except, 545
Who sees thee'? (and what is one?) who shouldst be seen
A Goddess among Gods, ador'd and serv'd
By Angels numberless, thy daily train.

So gloz'd the Tempter, and his proem tun'd; Into the heart of Eve his words made way, 550 Though at the voice much marveling; at length Not unamaz'd she thus in answer fpake. What may

this mean? language of man pronounc'd By tongue of brute, and human sense express’d? The first at least of these I thought deny'd 555

To

531. His fraudulent temptation thus her to her ruin. This speech is much

began.] We see by this first of the same strain and spirit with {peech of Satan what our author that which Satan had made to her thought the most probable, the most before in her dream, V.37, &c: and natural, and the most successful way it had a fatal effect, for of beginning a temptation upon a

Into the heart of Eve his words woman, namely flattery, extravagant admiration of her person, and fulsome commendations of her merit To cry her up as a Goddess was the and beauty, and by these means en- readiest way to make her a mere gaging her attention, and so deluding mortal.

556.-when

made way.

To beasts, whom God on their creation-day
Created mute to all articulate found;
The latter I demur, for in their looks
Much reas’on, and in their actions oft appears.
Thee, Serpent, subtleft beast of all the field 560
I knew, but not with human voice indued;
Redouble then this miracle, and say,
How cam'st thou speakable of mute, and how
To me so friendly grown above the rest
Of brutal kind, that daily are in fight: 565
Say, for such wonder clames attention due.

To whom the guileful Tempter thus reply'd.
Empress of this fair world, resplendent Eve,
Easy to me it is to tell thee all

[obey'd: What thou command'st, and right thou shouldłt be' I was at first as other beasts that

graze

571

The 556.

whom God on their is used in an active as well as in a creation day

passive sense, and may signify what Created mute] This is mere fillings, can speak as well as what can be says Dr. Bentley; for when could spoken. Here it is to be understood they be created, but on their creation- in the former sense, Speakable or able day? But this is exactly in the file to speak, as comfortable, delectable, of Scripture, Gen. II. 4. Theje are passable &c fignify able to comfort, the generations of the Heavens and of to delight, to pass &c. And there are the Earth when they were created; instances of such words used somein the day that the Lord God made times actively and sometimes passively the Earth and the Heavens.

in the best authors. Thus in Horace 563. How cam's thou speakable of the word illacrymabilis is used in its mute,] The word speakable paflive fignification. Od. IV. IX. 26.

sed

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