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The trodden herb, of abject thoughts and low,
Of - fed omnes illacrymabiles Sect. 56. They were likewise fupUrgentur ;
posed to suck the tears of ewes and and in its active signification, Od. II. goats. XIV. 6.
585. those fair apples,] There places illacrymabilem
is no knowing for certain what the
forbidden fruit was. The common Plutona tauris.
notion is that it was a sort of apple,
and that is sufficient to justify a poet. 581.- sweetefi fenel, or the teats) So Otway, He mentions such things as were reputed most agreeable to serpents. and for an apple damn'd manFeniculum anguibus gratissimum,
kind. says Pliny, Nat. Hist. L, 19. c. 9.
601, - Joape
Of that alluring fruit, urg'd me so keen.
595 I spar’d not, for such pleasure till that hour At feed or fountain never had I found. Sated at length, ere long I might perceive Strange alteration in me, to degree Of reason in my inward pow'rs, and speech 600 Wanted not long, though to this shape retain’d. Thenceforth to speculations high or deep
601. - shape retain'd.) Bentley 605. – all things fair and good; would have it restrain'd. But the But all that fair and good in thy word of exactest propriety is retain'd. divine For retain'd signifies the being kept
Semblance, and in thy beauty's within such and such bounds in a
beav'nlı ray natural state; reftraind to be kept United I bebeld;] This is very like within them in an unnatural; but what Adam had said before to the the serpent's being confin'd to his Angel, VIII. 471. own shape, was being in his natural
so lovely fair, ftate. Warburton
That what seem'd fair in all the 605. or Middle,] In the air, world, seem'd now the element placed between, and as Mean, or in her summ'd up, in het our author fays spun out between,
contain'd Heaven and Earth VII. 241. Hume. And in her looks.
I turn'd my thoughts, and with capacious mind
gaze, and worship thee of right declar'd Sovran of creatures, universal Dame.
So talk'd the spirited fly Snake; and Eve Yet more amaz’d unwary thus reply'd. Serpent, thy overpraising leaves in doubt The virtue of that fruit, in thee first prov'd : But say, where grows the tree, from hence how far?
And it is really wonderful, that the signified mistress or lady, and was poet could express things so much probably derived from the French alike so differently, and yet both so dame and the Latin domina Uni well. The numbers too, as well as versal Dame, Domina universi. the sentiments, are equally admirable in both places.
613. A. So talk'd &c] Milton
has shown more art and ability in 609. Equivalent or second,] Nec viget quicquam fimile aut fecundum. taking off the common objections to
. the Mosaic history of the temptaHor. Od. I. XII. 18.
tion by the addition of some circum612. – universal Dame.) The stances of his own invention, than word Dame conveys a low idea at in any other theologic part of his present: but formerly it was an ap- poem.
Warburton. pellation of respect and honor, and VOL. II.
For many are the trees of God that
grow In Paradise, and various, yet unknown To us, in such abundance lies our choice, 620 As leaves a greater store of fruit untouch'd, Still hanging incorruptible, till men Grow up to their provision, and more hands Help to disburden Nature of her birth.
To whom the wily Adder, blithe and glad. 625 Empress, the way is ready, and not long, Beyond a row of myrtles, on a flat, Fast by a fountain, one finall thicket past Of blowing myrrh and balm ; if thou accept My conduct, I can bring thee thither soon. 630 Lead then, said Eve. He leading swiftly rollid
618. trees of God] A Scrip. Hor rientra in se stesso, hor le no. ture phrase, as in Pfal. CIV. 16.
Rote distende, e se dopo se tira. 624. birth.] In Milton's own editions this word is spelt bearth in
Thyer. this place, but as in all other places
as when a wand'ring he spells it birth, we see no reason for an alteration here, and posibly mentioning any particular fimilitudes
fire, &c.] I have avoided this may be nothing but an error of
in my remarks on this great work, the press.
because I have given a general ac631. - He leading fwiftly rolld count of them in my notes on the
In tangles,] This is Virgil's rapitfirft book. There is one however, orbes per bumum: but I think Taslo in this part of the poem, which I much exceeds them both in describing hall here quote, as it is not only the rolling of a serpent. Cant. 15. very beautiful, but the closest of any
in the whole poem; I mean that
In tangles, and made intricate seem strait,
up and lost, from succour far.
where the serpent is describ'd as lines. Philosophy and poetry are rolling forward in all his pride, ani- here mix'd together. mated by the evil Spirit, and conducting Éve to her deftruction, while fignifies hurt and damage, as well
643. and into fraud] Fraud Adam was at too great a distance
as deceit and delusion. Virg. Æn. from her to give her his assistance.
X. These several particulars are all of
72. them wrought into the following Quis Deus in fraudem, quæ durafimilitude.
potentia nostra Hope elevates, and joy
Egit? Brightens his crest; as when a wan- And Milton often uses English words
d'ring fire, &c. Addison. in the Latin fignification. And there is not perhaps any more 644.
the tree philosophic account of the ignis fa of probibition) An Hebraism for fans, than what is containd in these the prohibited or forbidden tree.