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Man's transgresjon known, the guardian Angels forsake

Paradise, and return up to Heaven to approve their vigilance, and are approv’d, God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgreffors, who descends and gives sentence accordingly; then in pity clothes them both, and reascends. Sin and Death fitting till then at the gates of Hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by Man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confin'd in Hell, but to follow Satan their fire up to the place of Man: To make the way easier from Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad high-way or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made; then preparing for Earth, they meet him proud of his success returning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success against Man; instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss by all his audience, transform'd with himself also suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in Paradise ; then deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter alhes. The proceedings of Sin and Death; God foretels the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things; but for the present commands his Angels to make several alterations in the Heavens and elements. Adam more and more perceiving his fall’n condition heavily bewails, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: then to evade the curse likely to fall on their ofspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not, but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her feed should be reveng'd on the Serpent, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication.

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EAN while the hainous and despiteful act

He in the serpent, had perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,
Was known in Heav'n; for what can ’scape the eye 5
Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart
Omniscient? who in all things wise and just,
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind
Of Man, with strength entire, and free will arm’d,
Complete to have discover'd and repuls'd
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend.
For still they knew, and ought to' have still remember'd
The high injunction not to taste that fruit,
Whoever tempted; which they not obeying,
Incurr’d (what could they less ?) the penalty, 15


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12. For fill they knew,] Man col- 26. God said, Let us make Man in le&tively (ver. 9.) is antecedent to our image, and let them have domi. the plural relative they, as Gen. I. nion &c. Heylin.

16. And


And manifold in sin, desery'd to fall.
Up into Heav'n from Paradise in haste
Th'angelic guards ascended, mute and sad
For Man, for of his state by this they knew,
Much wond'ring how the subtle Fiend had stol'n 20
Entrance unfeen. Soon as th’unwelcome news
From Earth arriv'd at Heaven gate, displeas'd
All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss.

About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes
Th'ethereal people ran, to hear and know
How all befel: they towards the throne supreme

Ac16. And manifold in fin, deferu'd of them. It is like the last act of a

to fall.] Every fin is com. well written tragedy, in which all plicated in some degree: and the who had a part in it are generally Divines, especially those of Milton's drawn up before the audience, and communion, reckon up several fins represented under those circumstances as included in this one act of eating in which the determination of the the forbidden fruit, namely, pride, action places them. I shall there. uxoriousness, wicked curiosity, infi- fore consider this book under four delity, disobedience &c, so chat for heads, in relation to the celeliial, fuch complicated guilt he deserv'd to the infernal, the human, and the imafall from his happy fate in Paradise, ginary persons, who have their re

17. Upinto Heavin &c. ] The tenth spective parts allotted in it. To bebook of Paradise Loft has a greater gin with the celestial persons. The variety of persons in it than any other guardian Angels of Paradise are dein the

whole poem. The author upon icribed as returning to Heaven upon the winding up of his action intro. the fall of Man, in order to approve duces all those who had any concern their vigilance; their arrival, their in it, and shows with great beauty manner of reception, with the forthe influence which it had upon each row which appear'd in themselves,


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