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Accountable made hafte to make

appear With righteous plea their utmost vigilance, And easily approv’d; when the most high Eternal Father, from his secret cloud, Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voice.

Assembled Angels, and ye Pow'rs return'd From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd,

35 Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth, Which

your

sincerest care could not prevent, Foretold so lately what would come to pass, When first this tempter cross'd the gulf from Hell. I told

ye

then he should prevail and speed 40 On his bad errand, Man should be seduc'd

And

and in those Spirits who are said to with pity) in a parenthesis, this cross rejoice at the conversion of a sinner, reasoning will be avoided. are very finely laid together in the

Warburton. following lines.

Addison. It is plain that Milton conceiv'd sad23. dim sadness did not spare ness mix'd with pity to be more con. That time celestial visages, yet mix'd fistent with heavenly bliss than sadness With piły, violated not their bliss.] without that compassionate temper. What a jutt and noble idea does our There is fomething pleasing, someauthor here give us of the blessed thing divine even in the melancholy ness of a benevolent temper, and of a merciful mind. And this (adds how proper at the same time to ob- Mr. Thyer) might be farther conviate the objection that might be firm'd by the delight we take in made of sadness dwelling in heavenly tragical representations upon the Spirits! Thyer.

stage, where the pleasure arises from Here pity is made to prevent their sympathizing with the distresses of sadness from violating their bliss : our fellow creatures, and indulging but the latter passion is so far from a pitiful commiserating temper. alleviating the former, that it adds

40. I told ye then &c.] See book weight to it. If you read (mix'd III. 86-96.

42. -bre

And flatter'd out of all, believing lies
Against his Maker; no decree of mine
Concurring to necessitate his fall,
Or touch with lightest moment of impulse 45
His free will, to her own inclining left
In even scale. But fall’n he is, and now
What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass
On his transgression, death denounc'd that day?
Which he presumes already vain and void,

50
Because not yet inflicted, as he fear’d,
By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find
Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.
Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd.
But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee 55
Vicegerent Son? to thee I have transferr'd

All 42.

believing lies to proceed from the mouth of God Against his Maker ;] Such as Satan himself. had suggested, that all things did not

56.

to thee I have transferr'd proceed from God, that God kept the forbidden fruit from them out eth no man, but hath committed all

All judgment] For the Fatber judgof envy &c.

judgment unto the Sen. John V. 22. 45. — with lightest moment of impulse] The same metaphor

58. Easy it may be feen] We have that he had used before in VI. 239. In the second edition and others it

printed it thus after the first edition. and we juftify'd and explain d it by is Ealy it might be feer, which is Terence's paulo momento impellitur. 53. Forbearance no acquittance]

not so well. These proverbial expressions are very 59. Mercy collegue with justice,] improper any where in an epic poem, According to that of the Plalmist, but much more when they are made Mercy and truth are met together,

righteousness

60

65

All judgment, whether in Heav'n, or Earth, or Hell.
Easy it may be seen that I intend
Mercy collegue with justice, sending thee
Man's friend, his mediator, his design’d
Both ransome and redeemer voluntary,
And destin'd Man himself to judge Man fall’n.

So spake the Father, and unfolding bright
Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son
Blaz'd forth unclouded deity; he full
Resplendent all his Father manifest
Express’d, and thus divinely answer'd mild.

Father eternal, thine is to decree,
Mine both in Heav'n and Earth to do thy will
Supreme, that thou in me thy Son belov'd
May'st ever reft well pleas’d. I go to judge

On righteousness and peace have kissed each 71. I go to judge &c ] The or ber. Pfal. LXXXV. 10.

same divine Person, who in the 62. And destin’d Man bimself to foregoing parts of this poem inter

judge Man fall’n.) And hath ceded for our first parents before given him authority to execute judg- their fall, overthrew the rebel Anment also, because he is the son of man, gels, and created the world, is now John V. 27. Dr. Bentley reads thy- represented as descending to Parafelf, but bimself is full as well or dise, and pronouncing sentence upon better.

the three offenders. The cool of 68.

thine is to decree, the evening being a circumstance Mine

to do thy will] Virg. Æn. with which holy Writ introduces I. 76.

this great scene, it is poetically de- Tous ô Regina quid optes scribed by our author, who has also Explorare labor; mihi jufta capel- kept religiously to the form of words, sere fas eft.

in which the three several sentences VOL. II.

P

70

were

On earth these thy transgressors, but thou know'st,
Whoever judg'd, the worst on me muft light,
When time shall be, for so I undertook
Before thee'; and not repenting, this obtain 75
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom
On me deriv'd, yet I shall temper fo
Justice with mercy', as may illustrate moft
Them fully fatisfy'd, and thee appeafe.

79
Attendence none shall need, nor train, where none
Are to behold the judgment, but the judg’d,
Those two; the third best absent is condemn'd,
Convict by flight, and rebel to all law:
Conviction to the ferpent none belongs.
Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose

Of

85

were passed upon Adam, Eve, and commonly used as a verb active, is the Serpent. He has rather chosen here used as a verb neuter, and to neglect the numerousness of his means no attendence will be wantverse, than to deviate from those ing; and so it is used likewise in III, speeches which are recorded on this

340. great occasion. The guilt and confufion of our first parents, standing Then thou thy regal Scepter lhale

lay by, naked before their judge, is touched with great beauty. Addifon.

For regal scepter then no more

shall need, 74. —for I undertook ] See God shall be all in all, Book III. 236. & c.

84. Convi&tion to the ferpent none 80. Attendence none pall need, ] belongs.) No proof is need This is either an elliptical way of ful against the serpent, compellid Speaking for I fall need no atten- by Satan to be the ignorant inftrudence : or rather the word med, cho'ment of his malice against mankind,

now

Of high collateral glory': him Thrones and Powers,
Princedoms, and Dominations ministrant
Accompanied to Heaven gate, from whence
Eden and all the coast in prospect lay.
Down he descended strait; the speed of Gods 90
Time counts not, though with swifteft minutes wing'd,
Now was the sun in western cadence low
From noon, and gentle airs due at their hour
To fan the earth now wak’d, and usher in
The evening cool, when he from wrath more cool 95
Came the mild judge and interceffor both
To sentence Man: the voice of God they heard
Now walking in the garden, by soft winds
Brought to their ears, while day declin'd; they heard,

And

now mute and unable to answer for that is in other words, IV. 485. himself. Hume.

- to have thee by my side 86. Of bigh callateral glory:] He Henceforth an individual solace uses collateral, as he does most other dear. words, in a sense agreeable to the 92. Now was the fun in western etymology, fide by lide. The Son

cadence low fat at the right hand of the Father,

From noon, and gentle airs &c.] and rising from thence he may pro- This beautiful description is found perly be laid to rise from his seat

of ed upon this verse Genesis III. 8. bigb collateral glory, or as it is elfe. And they heard the voice of the Lord where express'd, VI. 747. from the God walking in the garden in the right band of glory, where he fat. cool of the day; and Adam and his The word was used before in Vill. wife bid themselves from the presence 426.

of the Lord God among f the trees of Collateral love, and deareft amity, the garden. .

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