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And from his presence hid themselves among
The thickest trees, both man and wife, till God
Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud.
Where art thou Adam, wont with joy to meet
My coming seen far off? I miss thee here,
Not pleas'd, thus entertain'd with solitude, 105
Where obvious duty' ere while appear'd unsought:
Or come I less conspicuous, or what change
Absents thee, or what chance detains ? Come forth.
He came, and with him Eve, more loath, though

To offend, discount'nanc'd both, and discompos’d;
Love was not in their looks, either to God
Or to each other, but apparent guilt,
And shame, and perturbation, and despair,
Anger, and obstinacy', and hate, and guile.
Whence Adam faltring long, thus answer'd brief.
I heard thee in the gard'n, and of thy voice
Afraid, being naked, hid myself. To whom





to Adam call'd aloud. and inlarges upon the divine histoWhere art thou Adam?] Gen. rian. III. 9. And the Lord God called unto 116. I beard thee in the gard', Adam, and said unto him, Where and of thy voice art thou? It is curious to ob.. Afraid, being naked, hid myself. ] serve how the poet paraphrases Gen. III, 10. And be faid, I beard




The gracious judge without revile reply'd.,
My voice thou oft haft heard, and hast not fear’d,
But still rejoic'd; how is it now become
So dreadful to thee? that thou'art naked, who
Hath told thee? haft thou eaten of the tree,
Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat?

To whom thus Adam sore beset reply'd.
O Heav'n! in evil strait this day I stand
Before my judge, either to undergo
Myself the total crime, or to accuse
My other self, the partner


Whose failing, while her faith to me remains,
I should conceal, and not expose to blame 130
By my complaint; but strict necessity


and calamitous constraint, Left on my head both sin and punishment, However insupportable, be all

134 Devolv’d; though should I hold my peace, yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal.


thy voice in the garden, and I was Whereof I gave thee charge thou afraid, because I was naked; and I fpoulds not eat?] Gen. III. 11. bid myself

And he said, Who told thee that thou 121. — that thou' art naked, who was naked? haft thou eaten of the Hath told thee? haft thou eaten of tree, whereof I commanded thee that

thou shouldst not eat ?

P 3

the tree,

137. This

This Woman, whom thou mad'st to be my help,
And gav'st me as thy perfect gift, so good,
So fit, so acceptable, so divine,
That from her hand I could suspect no ill, 140
And what she did, whatever in itself,
Her doing seem'd to justify the deed;

gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
To whom the sovran Presence thus reply'd.
Was she thy God, that her thou didst obey

145 Before his voice, or was she made thy guide, Superior, or but equal, that to her Thou didst resign thy manhood, and the place Wherein God set thee' above her made of thee, And for thee, whose perfection far excell'd 150 Hers in all real dignity? Adorn'd


137. This Woman, whom thou fame strain as he had done before to, mad's to be my

help, the Angel VIII. 549: And gav'A me as thy perfect gift what she wills to do or say) She gave me of the tree, and I Seems wiseft Egc.

did eat.] Gen. III. 12. And And his unwillingness to accuse his the Man faia, The Woman, whom wife, and yet the necessity of his

gavest 10 be with me, she gave doing it, are finely imagin'd. me of the tree, and I did eat. We


Adorn'd see that he still preserves all that is Sbe was indeed, ard lovely to attra& Scripture, though he intermixes Thy love, not thy subje&tion ;) The other things which were likely fame sort of sentiment as the Angel enough to have been said and done. had inculcated VIII. 568. Adam (peaks of Eve much in the -fair no doubt, and worthy well


She was indeed, and lovely to attract
Thy love, not thy subjection; and her gifts
Were such as under government well seem'd,
Unseemly to bear rule, which was thy part 155
And person, hadst thou known thyself aright.

So having said, he thus to Eve in few.
Say Woman, what is this which thou hast done?

To whom fad Eve with shame nigh overwhelm’d,
Confefsing soon, yet not before her judge 169
Bold or loquacious, thus abalh'd reply'd.
The Serpent me beguild, and I did eat.

Which when the Lord God heard, without delay To judgment he proceeded on th’accus'd Serpent though brute, unable to transfer

165 The guilt on him who made him instrument


Thy cherifhing, thy honoring, and ter, illam vero gravitatis, feveritatis thy love,

perfonam non appetivi. Milton in Not thy subjection.

his History of England, p. 37. Edit. And in other parts of his works our Tol. uses the word thus,“ If it author seems to have been a stre were an honor to that person nuous advocate for keeping up the “ which he sustain'd. Richardson. authority of the husband.

158. Say Woman, what is this 155 tby part

which thou hast done ?] Gen. And perfon! A pure Latinism. III. 13. And the Lord God said unto. The personæ dramatis. So Cicero the Woman, What is this that thou pro Muren. c. 2. Has partes leni- haft done ? tatis et misericordiæ, quas me na 162. The Serpent me beguild, and tura ipfa docuit, femper ago liben I did cat.) And the Woman



Of mischief, and polluted from the end
Of his creation; justly then accurs’d,
As vitiated in nature : more to know
Concern'd not Man (since he no further knew)

Nor alter'd his offence; yet God at last
To Satan first in sin his doom apply'd,
Though in mysterious terms, judg'd as then beft:
And on the Serpent thus his curse let fall.
Because thou hast done this, thou art accurs'd

173 Above

faid, The Serpent beguiled me, and I above every beast of the field: upor did eat.

thy belly falt thou go, and duft halt 169 more to know

thou eat all the days of 'thy life: And Concern'd not Man (since he no I will put enmity between thee and

further knew)] This is badly the Woman, and between thy feed and express’d.

The meaning is, As her feed: it small bruise thy bead, Man was not to be let into the and thou shalt bruise his heel. Our mystery of the redemption at this author was certainly here more in time, it did not concern him to the right than ever in adhering reliknow that the ferpent was but the giously to the words of Scripture, inftrument of the Devil. When tho' he has thereby spoild the harMilton wrote this, I fancy he had mony of his verse. He thought it not then in his thoughts to make without doubt that to mix any thing Michael reveal to Adam in the last of his own would be a violation of book the doctrin of redemption; decency, and a profanation, like or if he did intend it, he forgot that of Uzzah’s putting forth his that a theological comment on those hand to the ark of God. And the words in Genesis would ill agree sentence is very well explain'd by with what was to follow.

him, that it was pronounc'd imme.

Warburton. diately upon the Serpent as made 175. Because thou has done this, the instrument of mischief and vitia. &c.) As near as may be to the very ted in nature, but is to be apply'd words of Scripture, Gen. III. 14, mediately to Satan, the old Serpent, 15. And the Lord God said unto the though in mysterious terms: And as Serpent, Because thou hast done this, the author explains how the sentence thou art cursed above all cattel, and was to be underitood before he re


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