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Solid or slimy, as in raging sea
Tost

up and down, together crouded drové
From each side shoaling tow'ards the mouth of Hell:
As when two polar winds, blowing adverse
Upon the Cronian sea, together drive

290 Mountains of ice, that stop th’imagin’d way Beyond Petfora eastward, to the rich Cathaian coast. The aggregated soil Death with his mace petrific, cold and dry, As with a trident smote, and fix'd as firm 295 As Delos floting once; the rest his look

Bound

280. His noftril wide into the different parts of Chaos, and drivmurky air,]

ing all the matter they meet with

there in Thoals towards the mouth Et patulis captavit naribus auras. Virg. Georg. I. 376. winds, north and fouth, blowing ad

of Hell, are compar'd to two polar Murky air, black tainted air. Spen. verse upon the Cronian Sea, the norfer has mirksome air. Fairy Queen, thern frozen fea, (A Thule unius B. 1. C. 5. St. 28.

diei navigatione mare concretum, Through mirksome air her ready Plin. Nat. Hift. Lib. 4. cap. 16.)

a nonnullis Cronium appellatur. way the makes.

and driving together mountains of And the Glossary to Spenser ex- ice, that pop th' imagin' d way, the plains mirksome by obscure, filthy. I north-eaft passage as it is callid, find Shakespear too uses the word which so many have attempted to murky. Lady Macbeth says in her discover, beyond Petfora caftward, deep –

Hell is murky, A&t. V. the most north-eastern province of 281. Sagacious ] Quick of fent. Muscovy, to the rich Caibaian coal, Sagire enim, fentire acute eft; ex Cathay or Catay, a country of Asia quo fagaces dicti canes. Cic. de and the northern part of China. Divinat. A fit comparison for the 296. As Delos floting once ; ] An chief Hell. bourd. Hume, iland in the Archipelago said to have

289. As when two polar winds, floted about in the sea, till it be&c.] Sin and Death, flying into came the birth place of Apollo.

Q

Talli.

Bound with Gorgonian rigor not to move;
And with Asphaltic slime, broad as the gate,
Deep to the roots of Hell the gather'd beach
They fasten'd, and the mole immense wrought on 300
Over the foaming deep high arch’d, a bridge

Of

Callimachus in his hymn call'd De- flimy substances, and fixing them los has given a most inchanting de- (like the soil) for the foundation of scription of this matter. Richardson. his bridge. To Gorgonian rigor the

Doctor objects that the rigor or hard296. the reft his book &c.] In ness was not in the Gorgon's look, Milton's own editions the passage but in the object turn'd into stone. was thus.

And so it may be understood herethe rest his look

a rigor such as was caus'd by the Bound with Gorgonian rigor not Gorgon's look. Milton has the

authority of Claudian for expressing to move, And with Asphaltic slime; broad himself thus, as the gate,

rigidâ cum Gorgone Perseus. Deep to the roots of Hell the ga

In Ruffin. I. 279. ther'd beach They fasten'd,

Again, the Doctor objects to And

with Asphaltic Nime, because then A difficult passage, which Dr. Bent- the construction would be, his look ley perceiv'd and try'd to mend bound it with slime. I agree with thus,

him that this could not come from As Delos now, once floting: then Milton. But then I think the Dochis look

tor's change of And into As does The fabric with Gorgonian pow'r for does it not lefíen the thought to

fast bound, As with Asphaltic slime. Broad as

say, that it was bound with Gorgothe gate, &c.

nian poru'r as with sime ? even Af

phaltic flime had not that binding But he did not observe, that Milton power, which fable supposes the by the words the rest meant those Gorgon's look to have had. Thus I substances, which were not solid or can see that neither the common foil, but were soft and slimy. ver. reading nor the Doctor's are free 286. And Death is here described from great exceptions There is as not binding fast the fabric (the only one way (I think) in which all foundation of that was yet but lay. chese difficulties are to be got over, ing) but as hardening the soft and and that is by changing two of the

Of length prodigious, joining to the wall
Immoveable of this now fenceless world
Forfeit to Death; from hence a passage broad,
Smooth, easy, inoffensive down to Hell.

305 So, if great things to small may be compar’d,

Xerxes,

thus;

the gate,

as the gate,

points in the passage, and reading

the rest his look

Bound with Gorgonian rigor not the rest his look

to move ; Bound with Gorgonian rigor not

And with Asphaltic slime, broad as to move. And with Asphaltic flime, broad Deep to the roots of Hell &c.

The sense is then the very fame as Deep to the roots of Hell, the ga- in the foregoing most excellent sether'd beach

mark of Dr. Pearce's, and we venThey faften'd,

ture to print it accordingly. We The first part of the passage, end generally follow carefully Milton's ing at move, I understand as re. own punctuation ; but though he lating only to the hardening the was extremely accurate, yet he was soft and slimy substances : and all the not always infallible. A false pointreft seems to relate to the faft’ning ing may now and then escape the the foundation with Afpbaltic flima molt correct writer and printer in to the roots of Hell. I may be the world. mistaken in my conjecture; but this reading (methinks) bids fairer for

304. from bence a palage broad, the true one, than either of the

Smooth, easy, inoffensive down to

Hell.] Alluding perhaps to other two.

Pearce. It appears that by the rest we are

Virgil, Æn. VI. 126. to understand the slimy parts, as di - facilis defcenfus Averni: finguish'd from the solid or foil: and it would be very absurd to say,

Or to the paths of wickedness, that his look bound the slimy parts

Hefiod. Ip2.1. 285. with A/phaltic time or as with Af. Την μεν τοι κακοτητα και ιλαδoν phaltic slime. It is much easier to

εςιν ελεοθαι suppose with Mr. Richardson that

Pnidiws* oang (n) ugy 16, the comma after move and the fe

μαλα δ' εγνθι αιεί. Jortin. . micolon after slime have changed places, and that the passage should 306. So Xerxes &c.] This simile be read thus

is very exact and beaurisul. As Sin Q3

and

Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to yoke,
From Susa his Memnonian palace high
Came to the sea, and over Hellespont
Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd, 310
And scourg'd with many a stroke th' indignant waves.
Now had they brought the work by wondrous art
Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock,
Over the vex'd abyss, following the track
Of Satan to the self same place where he 315
First lighted from his wing, and landed safe

From

bus æquor.

and Death built a bridge over Chaos to be so confin'd, as Virgil says, to subdue and inflave mankind : So Pontem indignatus Araxes, Æn. if great things to small may be com- VIII. 728. and Georg. II. 162. par'd, Si parva licet componere Atque indignatum magnis Atridorimagnis, as Virgil says, Georg. IV. 176. Xerxes, the Persian monarch, to bring the free states of Greece Lucan has likewise made a fimile of under his yoke, came from Susa, Xerxes his bridge over the Helthe chief city of Sufiana a province lespont. Pharsal.

II. 672. of Persia, the residence of the Per Tales fama canit tumidum fuper fian Monarchs, called Memnonia by

æquora Xerxem Herodotus, of Memnon who built Conftruxisse vias, multum cum pons it and reigned there; and over Heka tibus ausus, le pont bridging his way, and build

Europamque Afiæ, Seftonque ad. ing a bridge over Hellefpont, the movit Abydo, narrow sea by Constantinople, that Incellitque fretum rapidi super Hel. divides Europe from Afia, to march lesponti, his large army over it, E urope with Afia join'd, and scourg'd with many 312.

by wondrous art a firoke th' indignant waves; allud Pontifical, ] By the strange art of in particularly to Xerxes his mad- raising bridges. Pontifex, the high ness in ordering the sea to be whipt priest of the Romans, had that for the loss of some of his ships ; name from pons a bridge and facere indignant waves, scorning and ragmg to make : Quia fublicius pons a

320

From out of Chaos, to the outside bare
Of this round world: with pins of adamant
And chains they made all fast, too fast they made
And durable; and now in little space
The confines met of empyréan Heaven
And of this World, and on the left hand Hell
With long reach interpos’d; three several ways
In sight, to each of these three places led.
And now their way to Earth they had defcry'd, 325
To Paradise firft tending, when behold

Satan

Pontificibus factus eft primum, et rather is not here another instance reftitutus fæpe, according to Varro. of false pointing? and should not

Hume the comina after Satan be omitted, Art pontifical, this is a very bad ex. and be inserted after Chaos? and is prestion to fignify the art of build- not this the construction of the ing bridges, and yet to suppose a whole passage? Now had they brought pun would be worse, as if the Ro- the work over the vex'd abyss man priesthood were as ready to to the outside bare of this round world, make the way easy to Hell, as Sin following the track of Satan to the and Death did. Warburton. Self fame place where he first lighted 317. From out of Chaos, to the from his wing, and landed safe from

out fide bare] In Milton's own out of Chaos. We venture to print editions the verses are thus, it accordingly, not knowing well Of Satan, to the self same place how to make sense and grammar of where he

it otherwise. Firft lighted from his wing, and

322. -- on the left hand Hell] He landed safe

places Hell on the left hand aeFrom out of Chaos to the outside cording to our Saviour's description bare &c.

of the day of judgment, Then shall

he say unto them on the left hand, Is not here a false print? and is it Matt. XXV. 41: or rather accordnot properer to read landed safe on ing to Virgil, who makes Hell to the out fide bare of this round world lie on the left hand, as Elysium lay than landed safe to the outside? Or on the right, Æn. VI. 542.

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