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Satan in likeness of an Angel bright
Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering
His zenith, while the sun in Aries rose:
Disguis'd he came, but those his children dear

Their parent foon discern'd, though in disguise.
He after Eve seduc'd, unminded slunk
Into the wood fast by, and changing shape
To'observe the sequel, saw his guileful act
By Eve, though all unweeting, seconded

335 Upon her husband, saw their shame that sought Vain covertures; but when he saw descend The Son of God to judge them, terrify'd He fled, not hoping to escape, but shun The present, fearing guilty what his wrath


Might At læva malorum this round world, from whence he Exercet pænas, et ad impia tarta- had come down, ver. 317. Besides

the Doctor instead of rose reads rode:

but it was evening, when Messiah 328. Betwixt the Centaur and the came and pass’d the sentence on the Scorpion feering

transgressors, ver. 92. and after that His zenith, while the fun in Aries Sin and Death made the bridge; so

rose :] Alluding to a ship that the sun might be rising in Aries, steering her course betwixt two when they met Satan steering bis ilands : So Satan directed his way zenith. And this is confirm'd by between these two signs of the zo- what follows here in ver. 341 &c. diac, upwards: the zenith is over

Pearce. head.

Richardson, Satan to avoid being discover'd (as Dr. Bentley puts a comma after he had been before, IV. 569. &c.) steering ; but there should be none; by Uriel regent of the sun, takes for the sense is, steering to his zenith, care to keep at as great a distance or upwards, towards the outside of as posible, and therefore wbile tbe

ra mittit.


Might suddenly inflict; that past, return'd
By night, and lift’ning where the hapless pair
Sat in their fad discourse, and various plaint,
Thence gather’d his own doom, which understood
Not instant, but of future time, with joy

And tidings fraught, to Hell he now return'd,
And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot
Of this new wondrous pontifice, unhop'd
Met who to meet him came, his ofspring dear.
Great joy was at their meeting, and at fight 350
Of that stupendous bridge his joy increas’d.
Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair
Inchanting daughter, thus the filence broke.
O Parent, these are thy magnific deeds,


Thy fun rose in Aries, he steers his course the sentence Mould be continued : directly upwards betwixt the Cen- From their discourse Satan gather'd taur and the Scorpion, two constel. his own doom, which being underlations which lay in a quite different food not instant, but of future time, part of the Heavens from Aries. be now return'd with joy to Hell. 344.

which underfood
Not instant, but of future time, 345

with joy &c.] In Milton's And tidings fraught,] That is with own editions, and in all the rest joyful tidings. So Virgil

, Munera which I have seen till Mr. Fenton's lætitiamque Dei, Æn. I. 636. for and Dr. Bentley's it was falsely munera lata. Squamis anroque, Æn. printed thus,

VIII. 436. for aureis squamis. which understood

Richardson. Not inftant, but of future time.

348. Of this now wondrous ponWith joy &C.

tifice,] The new bridge, the

effect of wondrous art pontifical, But the sense evidently shows that ver. 312.

318. Tho:

with joy

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Thy trophies, which thou view'st as not thine own;
Thou art their author and prime architect:
For I. no sooner in


heart divin'd, My heart, which by a secret harmony Still moves with thine, join’d in connexion sweet, That thou on earth hadst prosper'd, which thy looks Now also evidence, but strait I felt

361 Though diftant from thee worlds between, yet felt That I must after thee with this thy fon, Such fatal consequence unites us three: Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds, 365 Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure Detain from following thy illustrious track. Thou hast achiev'd our liberty, confin’d Within Hell gates till now, thou us impower'd To fortify thus far, and overlay

370 With this portentous bridge the dark abyss. Thine now is all this world; thy virtue' hath won


368. Thou hast achiev'dour, liberty, See more instances of this IV. 129. confind

VIII. 423. and IX. 908. Pearce. Wirbin Hell gates till now, --] 381. His quadrature, from thy orWhat liberty confin'd in Hell? a mere bicular world] This world contradiction, says Dr. Bentley. He is orbicular or round; the empyreal therefore reads 'Us, us confin'd till Heaven is a quadrature or square. now in Hell. But our is the same Our author had said before, Book as of us: and Milton means, the li- II. 1048. that it was undetermind berty of us confin'd till now in Hell. Square or round, and so it might be


What thy hands builded not, thy wisdom gain’d
With odds what war hath loft, and fully' aveng'd
Our foil in Heav'n; here thou Thalt monarch reign,
There didst not; there let him Nill victor sway, 376
As battel hath adjudg'd, from this new world
Retiring, by his own doom alienated,
And henceforth monarchy with thee divide
Of all things parted by th' empyreal bounds, 380
His quadrature, from thy orbicular world,
Or try thee now more dange'rous to his throne.

Whom thus the Prince of darkness anfwer'd glad.
Fair Daughter, and thou Son and Grandchild both,
High proof ye now have giv’n to be the race 385
Of Satan, (for 1 glory in the name,
Antagonist of Heav'n's almighty king)
Amply have merited of


of all Th’infernal empire, that so near Heav'n's door Triumphal with triumphal act have met,


Mine to Satan viewing it at that distance: 383. — the Prince of darkness) But here he follows the opinion of Satan may well be so call'd, since Gafsendus andi others, who fay that his Angels are filed in Scripture, the Empyréum or Heaven of Hea- the rulers of the darkness of this world, vens is of a square figure because Eph. VI. 12. the holy city in the Revelation is so 386. - for I glory in the name, describid, Rev. XXI. 16. And the Antagonist &c.] The name Satan city lieth four-Square, and the length is fignifles

Antagonist or Adversary, as as large as the breadıb.

we observ'd before.



Mine with this glorious work, and made one realm
Hell and this world, one realm, one continent
Of easy thorough-fare. Therefore while I
Descend through darkness, on your road with ease,
To my associate Pow'rs, them to acquaint

With these successes, and with them rejoice,
You two this way, among these numerous orbs
All yours, right down to Paradise descend;
There dwell and reign in bliss, thence on the earth
Dominion exercise and in the air,

400 Chiefly on Man, sole lord of all declar'd, Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly kill.

My 391. and made one realm the same words as Moses does JoHell and this world, one realm, one shua. Deut. XXXI. 7, 8.

continent &c.] This is the ge. nuin reading; but Mr. Fenton and 412. Spreading their bane ;] Ovid's Dr. Bentley have both in the second description of the journey of Envy

to Athens, and Milton's of Sin and line very absurdly printed our realm, though the Doctor places one in the Death's to Paradise, have a great margin, as if it were a conjecture resemblance. But whatever Milton of his own.

imitates, he adds a greatness to it;

as, in this place, he alters Ovid's 408. — prevail,) So it is in the flowers, herbs, people and cities to first edition, in the second it is pre• stars, planets and worlds. Ovid. vails.

409. No detriment need fear ;] Here our author plainly alludes to the Quacunque ingreditur,florentia procharge given by the Roman fenate to the supreme magistrate in times Exuritque herbas, et summa cacuof danger - providere nequid refp.

mina carpit; detrimenti accipiat. Thyer. Amatuque suo populos, urbesque 409 go and be frong ] Satan


Polluit, encourages Sin and Death in much


Met. II. 791.

terit arva,

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