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My substitutes I send ye, and create
Plenipotent on earth, of matchless might
Illuing from me: on your joint vigor now 405
My hold of this new kingdom all depends,
Through Sin to Death expos’d by my exploit.
If your joint pow'r prevail, th'affairs of Hell
No detriment need fear; go and be strong.

So saying he dismiss’d them; they with speed 410
Their course through thickest constellations held,
Spreading their bane ; the blasted stars look'd wan,
And planets, planet-struck, real eclipse
Then suffer'd. Th’other way Satan went down

The where she steers Usci quel fozzo vomito d' inferno, Her baneful course, a mighty blast Sentiro i fiori intorno, e la verdura appears,

Fiati di peste, et aliti d'Auerno. Mildews and blights; the meadows Poria col ciglio inftupidir natura, are defac'd,

Inborridire il bel pianeta eterno, The fields, the flow'rs, and the whole Intorbidar le stelle, e gli elementi.

year's laid waste: On mortals next, and peopled towns So Tasso speaking of. Alecto. Gier. The falls,

Lib. Cant. 9. St. 1. And breathes a burning plague Si parte, e doue passa i campi lieti among their walls. Addison.

Secca, e pallido il fol fi fà repente. See An Elay upon Milton's imitations

Thyer. of the Ancients, p. 42.

413. And planets, planet-Struck,) 412. the blafted fars look'a We say of a thing when it is blasted

wan, &c.] Much in the same and wither’d, that it is planet. ftruck; manner Marino describes his Jea- themselves. And what a sublime

and this is now applied to the planets lousy fallying out into the world. Ad. Cant. 12. St. 29.

idea doth it give us of the devasta

tions of Sin and Death! Tosto che fuor de la spelonca oscura

417. And

The causey to Hell gate ; on either side

415 Disparted Chaos over built exclam’d, And with rebounding furge the bars affail'd, That scorn'd his indignation : through the gate, Wide

open and unguarded, Satan pass’d, And all about found desolate ; for those

420 Appointed to fit there, had left their charge, Flown to the upper world; the rest were all Far to th' inland retir'd, about the walls Of Pandemonium, city and proud seat Of Lucifer, so by allufion callid,

425 Of that bright star to Satan paragon'd. There kept their watch the legions, while the Grand In council fat, solicitous what chance

Might 417. And with rebounding furge the plains by Atracar, a considerable bars asail'd,

part of the Czar's dominion, forThat scorn'd his indignation :] Virg. merly a Tartarian kingdom, with a Georg. II. 161.

capital city of the fame name, near

the mouth of the river Volga, at its - Lucrinoque addita claukra, Atque indignatum magnis ftridori- faii into the Caspian fea; or Baarian

Sophi, or the Persian Emperor, named

Bactrian of Bactria, one of the 426.- paragon'd.] Of paragonner greatest and richest provinces of Per(French) to be equal to, to be like, lia, lying near the Caspian Sea, from of rapae juxta and aww certamen. the horns of Turkifto crefcent, from An exact idea or likeness of a thing, his Turkish enemies who bear the able to contest with the original. horned moon, the crescent in their

Hume, enfigns, larves all waste beyond the 431. As ruhen the Tartar &c.] As realm of Aladule, the greater Armewhen the Tartar retreats from his nia, callid by the Turks (under Muscovite enemy, over the fnoguy whom the greatest part of it is)


bus æquor.

Might intercept their empe’ror sent; so he
Departing gave command, and they observ’d.

As when the Tartar from his Russian foe
By Astracan over the snowy plains
Retires, or Bactrian Sophi from the horns
Of Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond
The realm of Aladule, in his retreat

435 To Tauris or Casbeen: So there the late Heav'n-banish'd host, left desert utmost Hell Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch Round their metropolis, and now expecting Each hour their great adventurer from the search 440 Of foreign worlds : he through the midst unmark'd, In low plebeian Angel militant

Of Aladule, of its last king Aladules, Of Turkish crefcent,] Dr. Bentley flain by Selymus the firft, in bis re- says, better thus, treat to Tauris, a great city in the kingdom of Persia, now called Ec

or Bactrian Sophi fled from

tb' horns &c. barana, sometimes in the hands of the Turks, but in 1603 retaken by But from is often used by Milton Abas king of Persia, or Casbeen, one without exprefling the participle, of the greatest cities of Perfia, in which yet is to be supplied in the

Sense. See II. the province of Ayrach, formerly


and Parthia, towards the Caspian Sea,

Pearce. where the Persian monarchs made 441. — he through the midst untheir refidence after the lofs of

mark’d, &c.] This account Tauris, from which it is diftant 65 of Satan's pasling unmark'd through German miles to the south-eat. the midit of the Angels, and ascend

Hume. ing his throne invisible, and seeing 433. - or Baarian Sophi from the there about him himself unseen, and horns then bursting forth, as from a cloud,

542. VIII.

IX. 396.

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Æn. I. 439

Of lowest order, pass’d; and from the door
Of that Plutonian hail, invisible
Ascended his high throne, which under state 445
Of richest texture spread, at th’ upper

Was plac’d in regal lustre. Down a while
He sat, and round about him saw unseen:
At last as from a cloud his fulgent head
And shape star-bright appear’d, or brighter, clad 450
With what permissive glory since his fall

Was in glory, seems to be copied from Scarce had he spoken, when the a like adventure of Æneas, Virg.

cloud gave way, .

The mists few upward, and dir.

solv'd in day: Infert se feptus nebula(mirabiledicu)

The Trojan chief appear'd in open Per medios, miscetque viris, neque

fight, cernitur ulli. --Diffimulant , et nube cava specu- August in visage, and serenely bright.

Dryden. lantur amicti

455. Their mighty chief return'd:] Vix ea fatus erat, cum circumfusa

We are in the next place to consider repente Scindit se nubes, et in æthera pur- which Milcon has given us of them

the infernal agents under the view gat apertum. Refitit A neas, clarâque in luce who would set forth the greatness

in this book. It is observed by those refullit,

of Virgil's plan, that he conducts Os humerosque Deo fimilis.

his reader thro' all the parts of the -Then entring at the gate, earth which were discover'd in his Conceal'd in clouds, (prodigious to time. Asia, Afric, and Europe are relate)

the several scenes of his fable. The He mix'd, unmark’d, among the plan of Milton's poem is of an inbusy throng,

finitely greater extent, and fills the Borne by the tide, and pass'd un- mind with many more astonishing seen along

circumstances. Satan, having furBut doubtful of the wih'd event, rounded the earth seven times, de. he stays,

parts at length from Paradise. We And from the hollow cloud his then see him steering his course friends surveys

among the constellations, and after

Was left him, or false glitter: All amaz’d
At that so sudden blaze the Stygian throng
Bent their aspect, and whom they wilh'd beheld,
Their mighty chief return'd: loud was th’acclame:
Forth rush'd in haste the great consulting peers, 456
Rais’d from their dark Divan, and with like joy
Congratulant approach'd him, who with hand
Silence, and with these words attention won.
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Powers,

For having traversed the whole creation, annual change which they are fuppursuing his voyage thro' the Chaos, posed to suffer, are instances of this and entring into his own infernal kind. The beauty of the diction is dominions. His first appearance very remarkable in this whole epiin the assembly of fall’n Angels, is fode, as I have observed before the work'd up

with circumstances which great judgment with which it was give a delightful surprise to the contriv'd. Addison. reader; but there is no incident in 457. Rais’d fromtheir dark Divan,] the whole poem which does this The Devils are frequently described more than the transformation of the by metaphors taken from the Turks. whole audience, that follows the ac- Satan is called the Sultan, I. 348. as count their leader gives them of his here the council is stiled the Divan. expedition. The gradual change of The said council is said to sit in secret Satan himself is describ'd after Ovid's conclave, I. 795. the Devil, the Turk manner, and may vie with any of those and the Pope being commonly thought celebrated transformations which are to be nearly related, and often join'd look'd upon as the most beautiful together. parts in that poet's works. Milton 460. Thrones, Dominations, Princenever fails of improving his own doms, Virtues, Powers,] It is hints, and bestowing the laft finishing common with Homer to make use touches to every incident which is of the same verse several times, and admitted into his poem. The unex- especially at the beginning of his pected hiss which rises in this epi- speeches; but I know not whether lode, the dimensions and bulk of there is not more of fimplicity in the Satan so much superior to those of practice than beauty. Our author the infernal Spirits who lay under however hath done the same with the same transformation, with the this line; but it is curious to observe Vol. II,



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