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All things with double terror: on the ground 850
Outstretch'd he lay, on the cold ground, and oft
Curs'd his creation, death as oft accus'd
Of tardy execution, since denounc'd
The day of his offense.' Why comes not death,
Said he, with one thrice acceptable stroke
To end me? Thall truth fail to keep her word,
Justice divine not hasten to be just ?
But death comes not at call, justice divine
Mends not her Nowest pace for pray’rs or cries.
O woods, O fountains, hillocs, dales and bowers, 860
With other echo late I taught your shades

To

By right, and lift'ning where the Ω θανατε, θανατε, πως αει καhapless pair

λεμενα Sat in their fad discourse, and va Ουτω κατ' ημαρ, ου δυνη μολειν rious plaint,

TOT!; Thence gather'd his own doom; 859. ber flower pace) Pede and the next morning, while the sun The molt beautiful passages com

pæna

claudo. Hor. Od. III. II. 32. in Aries rose, ver. 329.

he met Sin and Death in their way to earth ; for the beauties of this passage, we

monly want the feweft notes : and they discourse together, and it was after Sin and Death were arriv'd in

are sure, the reader mu. not only Paradise, that the Almighty made perceive them, but muit really feel

chem, if he has any feeling at all, that speech from ver. 616. to ver. 641. and after that the Angels are is more moving and pathetic.

Nothing in all the ancient tragedies order'd to make the changes in na

860. O woods, O fountains, hillocs, ture : so that this, we conceive, must

dales and bowers, be some other night than that im

With other echo late I taught your mediately after the fall.

shades W by comes not death, To anywer, and resound far other But death comes not at call,] 30 Song ) Alluding to this part phocles' Philoctetes, 793.

of Adam's morning hymn, V. 202.

Witness

854.

T3

865

To answer, and resound far other song.
Whom thus afflicted when fad Eve beheld,
Desolate where she sat, approaching nigh,
Soft words to his fierce passion she aflay'd:
But her with stern regard he thus repellid.

Out of my sight, thou Serpent; that name best
Befits thee with him leagu’d, thyself as false
And hateful; nothing wants, but that thy shape,
Like his, and color serpentine may show 870
Thy inward fraud, to warn all creatures from thee
Henceforth; lest that too heav'nly form, pretended
To hellish falshood, snare them. But for thee
I had persisted happy', had not thy pride

And Witness if I be silent, morn or renewing her addresses to him, with even,

the whole speech that follows it, To hill, or valley, fountain or fresh have something in them exquisitely shade

moving and pathetic: Made vocal by my song, and taught He added not, and from her turn'd; his praise. Thyer.

but Eve &c. 863. Whom thus affiliated when fad Adam's reconcilement to her is

Eve bebeld, &c.] The part of work'd up in the same fpirit of tenEve in this book is no less patlionate derness. Eve afterwards proposes to and apt to sway the reader in her her husband, in the blindness of her favor. She is represented with great despair, that to prevent their guilt tenderness as approaching Adam, from descending upon posterity they but is spurn'd from him with a spirit should resolve to live childless; or if of upbraiding and indignation, con- that could not be done, they should formable to the nature of Man, seek their own deaths by violent whose passions had now gained the methods. As those sentiments natudominion over him. The following rally engage the reader to regard paffage, wherein she is described as the mother of mankind with more

than

875

885.

And wand'ring vanity, when least was fafe,
Rejected my forewarning, and disdain'd
Not to be trusted, longing to be seen
Though by the Dev'il himself, him overweening
To over-reach, but with the Serpent meeting
Food and beguild, by him thou, I by thee, 880
To trust thee from my side, imagin’d wise,
Constant, mature, proof against all affaults,
And understood not all was but a show
Rather than solid virtue', all but a rib
Crooked by nature, bent, as now appears,
More to the part sinister, from me drawn,
Well if thrown out, as supernumerary

To than ordinary commiseration, they or plac'd before: so we have in Vir. likewise contain a very fine moral. gil's Georg. I. 270. segeti pretendere The resolution of dying to end our lepem ; and in Æn VI. 60. prætenmiseries, does not show such a de taque Syrtibus arva. So Pliny in his gree of magnanimity as a resolution Epiltles, Lib. 1. Ep. 16. says, nec to bear them, and submit to the desidiæ noftræ prætendamus alienam. dispensations of Providence. Our

Pearce. author has therefore, with great de. Pritended to, held before. So Milton licacy, represented Eve as entertain. himself explains this phrase, p. 809. ing this thought, and Adam as dif- Tol. Edit. but ecclesiastical is approving it. Addison.

ever pretended to political. Thus 872. left that too heav'nly form, Quintil. Pref. to L. 1. Vultum et pretended

triftitiam et dissentientem a cæteris To bellish fall.cod, snare them.] habitum peffimis moribus prætendeDr. Bentley chooses rather obtended : bant, speaking of the false philosobut in English the word obtended is phers. Richardson. at least as unusual, as the sense here 883. And under flood not] The conof pretended is. Pretended to signifies struction is I was fool'd and beguil'd here, as in the Latin tongue, held by thee, and understood not &c.

888. To

I 4

To my just number found. O why did God,
Creator wise, that peopled highest Heaven
With Spirits masculine, create at last

890
This novelty on earth, this fair defect
Of nature, and not fill the world at once
With Men as Angels without feminine,
Or find some other

way to generate Mankind ? this mischief had not then befall’n, 895

And 888. To my juft number found.) The Ω Ζευ, τι δη κιβδηλον ανθρωπους just number of ribs in a man is twenty, κακον, four, twelve on each side, though Turarnas, HS OWS na 18 XATWxlo as i sometimes there have been found Ει γαρ βροτει0ηθελες σπαραι those who have had thirteen as Galen

gere, fays, and very rarely fome who

Ου κεκ γυναικων χρην ταραχεσhave had but eleven, as Tho. Bar

an tode. &c. tholinus, a famous physician, observed, in a lusly strong man whom And Jason is made to talk in the he diffected in the year 1657, who same itrain in the Medea, 573. had but eleven on one side, and a small appearance of a twelfth on κρην γαρ αλλοθεν ποθεν the other. Histor. Anatom. & Medic.

βρο7ες

Παιδας τεκνοθαι, θηλυ δ' εκ Centur. 5. c. 1. But some writers

Eva yor, have been of opinion that Adam had

Ουτω δ' αν εκ εδεν ανθρωπους thirteen ribs on the left side, and that out of the thirteenth rib God formed Eve: and it is to this opinion And such sentiments as these, we that Milton here alludes, and makes suppose, procur'd Euripides the name Adam say, It was well if this rib of the Woman-hater. Ariosto how. was thrown out, as fupernumerary to

ever hath ventur'd upon the same bis just number

in Rodomont's invective against

women. Orlando Furioso, Cant. 27. 888. O why did God, &c.] St. 120. This thought was originally of Eu. Perche fatto non ha l'alma Natura ripides, who makes Hippolytus in Che senza te potesse nascer l'huomo, like manner expoftulate with Jupiter Come s'inetta per umana cura for not creating man without women. L'un sopra l'altro il pero, il sorbo, See Hippol. 616.

e'l pomo?

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And more that shall befall, innumerable
Disturbances on earth through female snares,
And strait conjunction with this fex: for either
He never shall find out fit mate, but such
As some misfortune brings him, or mistake ; 900
Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gain
Through her perverseness, but shall see her gain'd
By a far worse, or if the love, withheld

By Why did not Nature rather fo pro- Lysander says in the Midsummer vide

Nighe’s Dream, A& I. Without your help, that man of the course of true love never did man might come,

run smooth; And one be grafted on another's side, But either it was different in blood, As are the apples with the pear and plome ?" Harrington. St. 97. Or else it food upon the choice of

Or elle misgraffed in respect of years,

friends, Nor are fimilar examples wanting Or if there were a sympathy in among our English authors.

Sir

choice, Thomas Brown in the second part of War, death, or fickness did lay his Religio Medici, Sect. 9. has some

ficge to it & C. thing very curious to this purpose, which no doubt Milton had read, 898.

for either that work having been first publish'd He never shall

find out fit mate, &c.] in the year 1642, about twenty. I have often thought, it was great five years before Paradise Lost. pity that Adam's speech had not Shakespear makes Pofthumus cry out ended where these lines begin. The in resentment of Imogen's beha- sense is quite complete without them; viour, Cymbeline, A&. II which we and they seem much fitter for a diare sure that our author had read, gressional observation of the author's,

such as his panegyric on marriage Is there no way for men to be, but &c, than to be put into the mouth women

of Adam, who could not very natuMust be half-workers ?

rally be supposed at that time to

foresee so very circumftantially the And the complaints which Adam inconveniences attending our frait makes of the disasters of love may conjunction with this fex, as he exbe compared with what Shakespear's presles it.

Tbyer.

916. - and

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