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By parents; or his happiest choice too late
Shall meet, already link'd and wedlock-bound 905
To a fell adversary', his hate or shame:
Which infinite calamity shall cause
To human life, and houshold


confound. He added not, and from her turn'd; but Eve Not so repuls’d, with tears that ceas'd not flowing, And tresses all disorder'd, at his feet

911 Fell humble, and embracing them, befought His

peace, and thus proceeded in her plaint. Forsake me not thus, Adam, witness Heaven What love fincere, and reverence in my


915 I bear thee, and unweeting have offended, Unhappily deceiv'd; thy suppliant I beg, and clasp thy knees; bereave me not,

Whereon 916. – and unweeting bave of. Cum versa sors eft. Unicum lapsa

fended,] Spenser, Fairy mihi Queen, B. 1. Cant. 2. St. 45. Firmamen, unam spem gravi ad

flictæ malo As all unweeting of that well the

Te mihi reserva, dum licet; knew. Thyer.

Tibi nam reliéta, quo vadam, aut bereave me not,

ævum exigam? Whereon I live, thy gentle looks, thy

aid, &c.] In this tragical part 925. — one enmity] There is someour author seems to have had his thing not improbable in Dr. Bentley's eye upon Grotius's tragedy, Adamus reading, Exul AA V.

both joining Caffam, oro, dulci luminis jubare tui

As join'd in injuries, in enmity : Ne me relinquas: nunc tuo auxilio

but perhaps the author put one in



est opus,

Whereon I live, thy gentle looks, thy aid,
Thy counsel in this uttermost distress,

My only strength and stay: forlorn of thee,
Whither shall I betake me, where subfist ?
While yet we live, scarce one short hour perhaps,
Between us two let there be peace, both joining,
As join'd in injuries, one enmity

925 Against a foe by doom express affign’d us, That cruel Serpent: On me exercise not Thy hatred for this misery befall’n, On me already lost, me than thyself More miserable; both have finn'd, but thou

930 Against God only', I against God and thee, And to the place of judgment will return, There with my cries importune Heav'n, that all

The opposition to both; both joining one here again his eye upon Grotius, enmity.

Adamus Exul. Act V. 926. Against a foe by doom express Tu namque foli numini contrarius, ahgn'dus,] For it was part

Minus es nocivus; alt ego nocentior, of the sentence, pronounc'd upon

(Adeoque misera magis — ) the Serpent, Gen. III. 15. I will Deumque læsi scelere, teque, vir, put enmity between thee and the wo

fimul. man, and between thy feed and her As Milton read all good authors, so feed.

he improv'd by all, the modern as 929.

me than thyself well as the ancient: and as an Essay More miserable; both have finn'd, has been written upon his imitations but thou

of the Ancients, there might be anoAgainst God only, I against God ther upon his imitations of the Moand thee,] The author had derns.

936. Me,

The sentence from thy head remov'd may light
On me, sole cause to thee of all this woe,

935 Me, me only, just object of his ire.

She ended weeping, and her lowly plight, Immoveable till peace obtain'd from fault Acknowledg’d and deplor’d, in Adam wrought Commiseration; soon his heart relented

940 Towards her, his life so late and sole delight, Now at his feet submissive in distress, Creature so fair his reconcilement seeking, His counsel, whom the had displeas'd, his aid;

As 936. Me, me only, just object] The declar'd her resolution not to coharepetition of me me here is like what bit with him any more. Upon this we took notice of in III. 236. and he wrote his Doctrin and Disciplin of like that in Virgil's Æn. IX. 427. .

Divorce, and to show that he was Me, me, adsum qui feci, in me con- in earnest was actually treating about vertite ferrum :

a second marriage, when the wife and like Abigail's speech to David, whom he often visited, and there

contrived to meet him at a friend's 1 Sam. XXV. 24. Upon me, my Lord, fell proftrate before him, imploring upon me let this iniquity be. Dr. Bent- forgiveness and reconciliation. It is ley would read,

not to be doubted (fays Mr Fenton) Me, only me, just object of his ire : but an interview of that nature, so but as the repetition is highly pa- little expected, muft wonderfully afthetic, Mr. Upton thinks the tro- fect him: and perhaps the impreso chaic following the spondee makes fions it made on his imagination the pathos more perceptible. contributed much to the painting of 940.

Soon his heart relented] This that pathethic scene in Paradise Loft, seems to have been drawn from a in which Eve addresseth herself to domestic scene. Milton's wife foon Adam for pardon and peace. At after marriage went to visit her the intercession of his friends who friends in Oxford hire. and refused were present, after a short reluctance to return at the time appointed; He he generously sacrific'd all his resentoften solicited her, but in vain; the ment to her tears:

- foon

As one disarm’d, his anger all he lost,

945 And thus with peaceful words uprais’d her soon.

Unwary', and too desirous, as before,
So now of what thou know'st not, who desir'st
The punishment all on thyself; alas,
Bear thine own first, ill able to sustain

950 His full wrath, whose thou feel'st as yet least

part, And my displeasure bear'st so ill. If

Could alter high decrees, I to that place
Would speed before thee, and be louder heard,
That on my head all might be visited,


Thy foon his heart relented “ Milton with great depth of judgTowards her, his life so late and “ ment observes in his Apology for sole delight,

Sme Etymnuus, that he who would Now at his feet submissive in distress. “ not be frufrate of his bope to write Mr. Thyer thus farther inlarges up-

well in laudable things, ought bimon the same subject." This picture

Self to be a true poem, that is, a com• of Eve's distress , her submisive « things, and have in himself she

position of the best and honorableft “ tender address to her husband, and his generous reconcilement to her

experience and practice of all that

which is praise-worthy: of the are extremely beautiful, I had « almost faid, beyond any thing in « self is, I think, a shining instance

“ truth of which observation he him“ the whole poem ; and that reader

“ in this charming scene now be“ must have a very four and un“ friendly turn of mind, whose heart « to doubt but that the particular

“ fore us, since there is little room “ does not relent with Adam's, and

“ beauties of it are owing to an “ melt into a sympathizing commi

“ interview of the same nature which “ feration towards the mother of

“ he had with his own wife, and “ mankind; so well has our author

“ that he is only here defcribing “ here follow'd Horace's advice,

" those tender and generous sentiSi vis me flere, dolendum est ments, which he then felt and Primùm ipsi tibi

experienc'd." Art. Poet. 102.

976. Tending,

Thy frailty and infirmer sex forgiven,
To me committed and by me expos’d.
But rise, let us no more contend, nor blame
Each other, blam'd enough elsewhere, but strive
In offices of love, how we may lighten 960
Each other's burden, in our share of woe;
Since this day's death denounc'd, if ought I see,
Will prove no sudden, but a slow-pac'd evil,
A long day's dying to augment our pain,
And to our seed (O hapless feed !) deriv'd. 965

To whom thus Eve, recovering heart, reply'd.
Adam, by fad experiment I know
How little weight my words with thee can find,
Found so erroneous, thence by just event
Found so unfortunate; nevertheless,

970 Restor'd by thee, vile as I am, to place Of new acceptance, hopeful to regain


976. Tending to some relief of our that they should resolve to remain Extremes,

childless; or if they found it diffiOr end,] Adam had said before, cult to do so, that then, to prethat the death denounc'd upon them, vent a long day's dying to themselves as far as he could see, would prove and seed at once, they should make no fudden but a low pac'd evil, a long fort and destroy themselves. The day's dying, and would likewise_be former method the considers as some deriv'd to their posterity. Eve relief of their extremes, the latter therefore proposes, to prevent its as the end. being deriv'd to their pofterity,

973. AS

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