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His final remedy, and after life
Try'd in sharp tribulation, and refin'd
By faith and faithful works, to second life,
Wak'd in the renovation of the just, .

65 Resigns him


with Heav'n and Earth renew'd, But let us call to fynod all the Blest

[hide Through Heav'n's wide bounds; from them I will not My judgments, how with mankind I proceed, As how with peccant Angels late they saw, 70 And in their state, though firm, stood more confirm'd.

He ended, and the Son gave signal high To the bright minister that watch’d; he blew His trumpet, heard in Oreb since perhaps When God descended, and perhaps once more 75 To found at general doom. Th' angelic blast Fillid all the regions : from their blissful bowers Of amarantin shade, fountain or spring, By the waters of life, where'er they fat In fellowships of joy, the fons of light 80

Hafted, semper gross, as in Dr. Bentley's according to St. Paul, 1 Thess. IV; edition.

16. the Lord snall descend from Hea74. His trumpet, heard in Oreb ven with a shout, with the voice of

fince perhaps &c.] For the the Arch-Angel, and with the trump law was given on mount Oreb with of God." she noise of the trumpet, Exod. XX. 78. Of amarantin Made,] See III, 18. and at the general judgment, 353. and the note there, VOL. II.

82. And

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Hafted, resorting to the summons high,
And took their feats; till from his throne fupreme
Th’Almighty thus pronounc'd his sovran will.

O Sons, like one of us Man is become
To know both good and evil, fince his taste 85
Of that defended fruit; but let him boaft
His knowledge of good loft, and evil got,
Happier, had it fuffic'd him to have known
Good by itself, and evil not at all.
He sorrows now, repents, and prays contrite, 90
My motions in him ; longer than they move,
His heart I know, how variable and vain
Self-left. Left therefore his now bolder hand
Reach alfa of the tree of life, and eat,

And 82. And took their feats;] Dr. Bent. idea of taking suits, so much better ley says that if the poet gave it thus, with seats than ftand. he had forgot himself; for he never makes the Angels to fit round the of all the Angels of Heaven, to hear

84. O Sons, &c.] The assembling elsewhere, he has authority

for do the solemn decree passed upon Man, ing fo here. I know that it is a The Almighty is here describ'd as

is represented in very lively ideas. maxim with the Schoolmen, Sola fadet Trinitas, that only the three remembring mercy in the midt of persons in the Trinity fit:

but this judgment, and commanding Michael is contrary to Scripture; for in Rev. to deliver his message in the mildeft IV. 4. and XI. 16. the four and terms, left the spirit of Man, which twenty elders are described as fitting of his guilt and misery,

should fail

was already broken with the sense on seats round about the throne. There

before him. is no occafion then to read with the

Addison. Doctor and took their fand: espe- This whole speech is founded upon cially when it is consider'd that the the following passage in Genelis il.


And live for ever, dream at least to live

95 For ever, to remove him I decree, And send him from the garden forth to till The ground whence he was taken, fitter soil. Michael, this


behest have thou in charge, Take to thee from among the Cherubim JOO Thy choice of flaming warriors, left the Fiend, Or in behalf of Man, or to invade Vacant poffeffion, some new trouble raise : Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God Without remorfe drive out the finful pair, 105 From hallow'd ground th’unholy, and denounce To them and to their progeny from thence Perpetual banishment. Yet lest they faint

At 22, 23, 24. And the Lord God said, Where can you say in any manner Bebold the Man is become as one of age us, to know good and evil: And now That ever God defended marriage ? left be put forth his band, and take

Hume and Richardson. also of the tree of life, and eat and

99. Michael, this may bebeft barvo live for ever; Therefore the Lord God fent him forth from the garden of has with great judyinent fingled out

thou in charge,] Our author Eden, to fill the ground from whence Michael to receive this charge. It be was taken. So he drove out the

would not have been so proper for Man: and he placed at the cast of the garden of Eden Cherubims and a executed this order : but as Michael

the sociable spirit Raphael to have faming sword, which turned every was the principal Angel employ'd

way, to keep the way of the tree of in driving the rebel Angels out of life.

86. Of that defended fruit;] For- Heaven, fo he was the most proper bidden fruit, from defendre (French)

to expel our first parents too out of

Paradise, to forbid ; fo ufed by Chaucer,

II1. Be

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At the sad sentence rigorously urg'd,
For I behold them foften'd and with tears II
Bewailing their excess, all terror hide.
If patiently thy bidding they obey,
Dismiss them not disconfolate ; reveal
To Adam what shall come in future days,
As I shall thee inlighten; intermix

115 My covenant in the Woman's feed renew'd; So send them forth, though forrowing, yet in

peace : And on the east side of the garden place, Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs, Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame 120 Wide-waving, all approach far off to fright,

And 111. Bewailing their excess,] God every one had four faces, and that is here represented as pitying our their whole bodies, and their backs, first parents, and even while he is and their hands, and their wings ordering Michael to drive them out were full of eyes round about. of Paradise, orders him at the same

Addison. time to hide all terror; and for the Dr. Bentley throws out the greatest fame reason he chooses to speak of part of these verses, and reads thus, their offense in the softest manner,

four fac'd were each calling it only an excess, a going be.

And all their shape spangled with yond the bounds of their duty, by the same metaphor as fin is often

eyes. Mean while Esc. callid transgreffion.

His chief objection is to the expres

Gon more wakeful than to droule ; 128. four faces each &c.] which (he says) is the same as more Among the poetical parts of Scrip- vocal than to be mute, more white ture, which Milton has so finely than to be black. But the whole wrought into this part of his narra- expression is, more wakeful than to tion, I must not omit that wherein droule, charm'd with Arcadian pipe, Ezekiel speaking of the Angels who or opiate rod of Hermes. appeared to him in vifion, adds that fuch powerful causes of drousing are


When two

And guard all passage to the tree of life:
Left Paradise a receptacle prove
To Spirits foul, and all

my trees their

prey, With whose stol’n fruit Man once more to delude. 125

He ceas’d; and th’archangelic Pow'r prepar’d For swift descent, with him the cohort bright Of watchful Cherubim ; four faces each Had, like a double Janus, all their shape Spangled with eyes, more numerous than those 130 Of Argus, and more wakeful than to drouse, Charm'd with Arcadian pipe, the past'ral reed Of Hermes, or his opiate rod. Mean while To resalute the world with sacred light

Leumention'd, there is great force in way of comparison more numerous saying, that they were more wakeful than those of Argus, a shepherd who than to be influenc'd by them. had an hundred eyes, and more wake

Pearce. ful than to drouje, as his did, charm'd Ezekiel says that every one had four with Arcadian pipe, the past'ral reed faces, X. 14. The poet adds, four that is the pait'ral pipe made of faces each had, like a double Janus; reeds, as was that of Hermes or Mer. Janus was a king in Italy, and is cury, who was employ'd by Jupiter represented with two faces, to de- to lull Argus afleep and kill him, or note his great wisdom, looking upon his opiate rod, the caduceus of Merthings past and to come; and the cury with which he could give sleep mention of a well-known image with to whomsoever he pleased. With two faces may help to give us the this pipe and this rod he lull?d Argus better idea of others with four. Eze- asleep and cut off his head. It is kiel says X. 12. And their whole body, an allusion to a celebrated fory in and their backs, and their hands, and Ovid, Met. I. 625. &c. their wings were full of eyes round about: The poet expresses it by a Centum luminibus cinctum caput delightful metaphor, all their shape Argus habebat &c. Spangled with eyes, and then adds by

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135. Leue

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