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Leucothea wak'd, and with fresh dews imbalm'd
The earth, when Adam and first matron Eve

135

Had

of night.

135. Leucothea wak'd,] The White and with him fled the fhades Goddess as the name in Greek imports, the same with Matuta in Latin, Seven days after that he was coafting as Cicero says, Leucothea nominata round the earth, but always in the a Græcis, Matuta habetur a noftris. shade of night, IX. 62. Tusc. I. 12. Quæ Leucothea a Græ

thence full of anguish driven, cis, a nobis Matuta dicitur. De Nat.

The space of feu'n continued nights Deor. III. 19. And Matuta is the

he rode carly morning that ushers in the Au

With darkness. rora rosy with the sun-beams, according to Lucretius, V. 655.

But we have no farther account of Tempore item certo roseam Matuta any of these days, excepting the

first, which begins at the beginning per oras Ætheris Auroram defert, et lumina of Book V. pandit.

Now morn her rosy steps in th'

eastern clime And from Matuta is deriv'd matuti

Advancing &c. nus, early in the morning. This is the last morning in the poem, the Eve there relates her dream to Adam; morning of the fatal day, wherein they go to work. Raphael is orour first parents were expellid out of der'd to go, and converse with Adam Paradise. It is impossible to say, kalf this day as friend with friend, how much time is taken up in the V. 229. He comes to Paradise at action of this poem, fince a great midnoon, ver. 311. and 300. part of it lies beyond the sphere of

while now the mounted sun day; and for that part which lies

Shot down direct his fervid rays ta within the sphere of day, it is not easy to state and define the time ex

Earth's inmost womb. actly, since our author himself seems not to have been very exact in this He and Adam converse together, particular. Satan came to earth which discourse is related at large in about noon, when the full-blazing the remainder of Book V, and Book Jun fat high in his meridian tower, VI, VII, and VIII, till the evening IV. 30. The evening of that first parts them, VIII. 630. day is describ'd IV. 598.

But I can now no more; the partNow came ftill evening on &c.

ing sun That night Satan tempts Eve in her Beyond the earth's green Cape and dream, is discover'd close at her ear,

verdant lles and flies out of Paradise, IV. 1015.

Hesperian sets, my signal to depart.

warm

Had ended now their orisons, and found
Strength added from above, new hope to spring

Out

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IX. 739

This is the first of the seven days, Sat in their fad discourse, and vaduring which Satan was compaffing

rious plaint, the earth. On the eightb he return'd, Thence gather'd his own doom, IX. 67. at midnight, ver. 58. and which understood took possession of the serpent wait Not inftant, but of future time, ing close tb'approach of morn, ver. 191.

with joy Morning is describ'd, ver 192. And tidings fraught, to Hell he now Now when as facred light began

return d. to dawn &c.

In his return to Hell he meets Sin

and Death in the morning, ver. 329. Eve is prevail'd upon to eat of the forbidden fruit a little before noon, - while the fun in Aries rose.

After Sin and Death had arriv'd in Mean while the hour of noon drew Paradise, the Angels are commanded on, and wak'd

to make several alterations in the An eager appetite

Heavens and elements : and Adam Adam eats likewise; they play, they is represented as lamenting aloud to fleep, they wake; and Adam re himself, ver. 846. proaches Eve with her desire of wan- Through the Aill night, not now, as dring this unhappy morn, IX. 1136. ere Man fell, In the cool of the evening the Mer. Wholsome and cool, and mild, but fiah comes down to judge them,

with black air

Accompanied, with damps and Now was the sun in western cadence

dreadful gloom. low

Adam is afterwards made to talk From noon, and gentle airs due at somewhat confusedly, in one place their hour

as if it was still the day of the fall, To fan the earth now wak'd, and

ver. 962.
ufher in
The evening cool; when he from

Since this day's death denounc'd, if wrath more cool

ought I see,
Came the mild judge and intercessor Will prove no sudden, but a flow-

both
To sentence Man-

and in another place as if it was some
Satan fled from his presence, bat re. day after the fall, ver. 1048.
turn'd by night, vér. 341.

- we expected return'd Immediate dissolution, which we By night, and lift'ning where the thought hapless pair

Was meant by death that day &c.

And

X. 92.

pac'd evil.

;

Out of despair, joy, but with fear yet link'd
Which thus to Eve his welcome words renew'd. 140

Eve, easily may faith admit, that all
The good which we enjoy, from Heav'n descends ;
But that from us ought should ascend to Heaven
So prevalent as to concern the mind
Of God high-blest, or to incline his will, 145
Hard to belief may seem; yet this will prayer
Or one short sigh of human breath, upborne
Ev'n to the seat of God. For since I fought

Ву And having felt the cold damps of fight it appears fo: But then we can the night before, he is considering not fee with what propriety several how they may provide themselves things are said, which we have here with some better warmth and fire be. quoted ; and particularly of the sun's fore another night comes, ver. 1069. rising in Aries, when Satan met Sin

and Death at the brink of Chaos ; ere this diurnal kar

and if it was still the night after the Leave cold the night.

fall, how could Adam say, as he is

represented saying, That other night we must now suppose to be past, since the morning

which bids us seek here appears again

Some better shroud, some better

warmth to cherish To resalute the world with facred

Our limbs benumm’d, ere this diure light:

Leave cold the night. So that according to the best calculation we can make, this is the But indeed the author is not very eleventh day of the poem, we mean exact in the computation of time, of that part of it which is transacted and perhaps he affected some obo within the sphere of day. Mr. Ad. fcurity in this particular, and did not dison reckons only ten days to the choose to define, as the Scriptura action of the poem, that is he sup- itself has not defin'd, how soon after poses that our first parents were ex. the fall it was that our first parents pell’d out of Paradise the very next were driven out of Paradise. day after the fall; and indeed at first

14!. Even

nal flar

-yet

By pray'r th' offended Deity to' appease,
Kneel'd and before him humbled all my heart, 150
Methought I saw him placable and mild,
Bending his ear; persuasion in me grew
That I was heard with fayor ; peace return'd
Home to my breast, and to my memory
His promise, that thy seed shall bruise our foe; 155
Which then not minded in dismay, yet now
Afsures me that the bitterness of death
Is past, and we shall live. Whence hail to thee,

Eve 141. Eve, easily &c.] An inge

this will prayer. nious writer and great admirer of

r. But when we come to that line, Milton thus descants upon this pasfage, beginning here, and ending at

Kneel'd and before him humbled yer, 152. Bending his ear.

! How

all my heart, “ extremely fine is the poetry of " this passage! How soft is the be- “ such is the force of the word kneeld

ginning, occasion'd by the asso “ in that situation, that we actually

nance of the two first words, Eve, “ see Adam upon his knees before eafily, and of the five next all “ the offended Deity; and by the “ alliterated with the same vowel, a." conclusion of this paragraph

Bending his ear, inhnite

goodness may faith admit that all!

“ is visibly as it were represented to “ How solemn is the pause at the “ our eyes as inclining to hearken “ first syllable of the third line !

to the
prayers

of his penitent

“ creature." See Letters concerning “ and the cæsure upon the mono- poetical translations &c. p. 58, 59. syllable us that follows immedi

157. Afures me that the bitterness But that from us !

Is pall.] Adam is made to talk in “. And the same energy is plainly the language of Agag, 1 Sam. XV. " perceived at the end of the fixth 32. And Agag said, Surely the bitter“ line, where the cæsure is plac'd vefs of death is paft.

upon the monosyllable yet,

But

o ately,

of death

159. Eve

Eve rightly callid, mother of all mankind,
Mother of all things living, since by thee 160
Man is to live, and all things live for Man.

To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek.
Ill worthy I such title should belong
To me transgreffor, who for thee ordain'd
A help, became thy snare ; to me reproach 165
Rather belongs, distrust and all dispraise :
But infinite in pardon was my Judge,
That I who first brought death on all, am grac'd
The source of life; next favorable thou,
Who highly thus to’ intitle me vouchsaf'ft, 170

Far 159. Eve rightly call'd, mother of obferv'd before, that Leucothea is the

all mankind,] Gen. III. 20. moft early morning, that ushers in And Adam called his wife's name the Aurora; she was pale and white Eve, because she was the mother of all before, now she is rosy red, with the living. He call'd her before Ishah, nearer approach of the sun beams, Woman, because he was taken out of agreeably to the quotation that we Ith, Man, Gen. II. 23.'

made from Lucretius, Woman is her name, of Man

roseam Matuta per oras Extracted

Ætheris Auroram defert. as it is express’d VIII. 496. But now And the expression of the morn's he denominates her Eve or Havah beginning her progress seems to be from a Hebrew verb which figni- copied from Shakespear, 1 Henry fies to live, in firm belief that God IV. Act III. would make her the mother of all

the heav'nly. harness'd team mankind, and of the promis'd Seed

Begins his golden progress in the east. particularly. Our poet had callid her Eve before by way of antici 181. So fpake, &c.] The confe. pation.

rence of Adam and Eve is full of 175. Her rosy progress smiling;] moving sentiments. Upon their goThis may serve to confirm what we ing abroad after the melancholy

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