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and gave

And over them triumphant Death his dart
Shook, but delay'd to strike, though oft invok'd
With vows, as their chief good, and final hope,
Sight so deform what heart of rock could long
Dry-ey'd behold ? Adam could not, but wept, 495
Though not of woman born ; compassion quell'd
His best of
man,

him

up to tears
A space, till firmer thoughts restrain’d excess ;
And scarce recovering words his plaint renew'd.
O miserable mankind, to what fall

500
Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd!
Better end here unborn. Why is life given
To be thus wrested from us? rather why
Obtruded on us thus ? who if we knew

What

assembled, and over them sad Horror And over them triumphant Death soaring with grim hue, and beating his dart his iron wings. Fairy Queen, Book 2. Shook, but delay'd to strike. Cant. 7. St. 21. to St. 24.

As the image is wonderfully fine, so By that way's fide there sat infernal

it Pain, &c.

excellently express’d with the Thyer.

pause upon the first syllable of the The breaks and pauses in this verse verse, shook. One thinks one almost are admirable ; and this beauty is sees the dart shaking. How much improved by each period's begin- better is this than Virgil's Æn. XI. ping with the same letter d.

767. Dire was the tossing, deep the - et certam quatit improbus groans; Despair

haitam! Substitute any other word in the

If the line was to be alter'd, as thus, room of dire or deep, and you will perceive the difference. And then And o'er them Death triumphant follows

Thook his dart,

much

What we receive, would either not accept 505
Life offer'd, or soon beg to lay it down,
Glad to be so dismiss'd in peace. Can thus
Th’image of God in man created once
So goodly and erect, though faulty since,
To such unsightly sufferings be debas'd

510
Under inhuman pains ? Why should not man,
Retaining still divine similitude
In part, from such deformities be free,
And for his Maker's image fake exempt ?

Their Maker's image, answer'd Michael, then 515 Forsook them, when themselves they vilify'd To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took His image whom they sery'd, a brutish vice,

In

much of the fire and spirit would ton has preserved at the close of the be loft. The reader may see other sentence. beauties of the fame kind in the note

I had not so much of man about me, upon IV. 351.. And there are feve

But all my mother came into my ral examples of it in Homer, but

eyes, the Latin language seems hardly ca

And gave me up to tears. pable of it; at least I cannot recol

Henry V. A& IV. lect an instance in Virgil, who is the great maker of versification.

517. To serve ungovern'd appetite,]

Appetite here is made a person: and 495

Adam wept,

took his image whom they serv'd, that Though not of woman born ; com. is ungovern'd appetite's, a brutis paffion quella

vice, that was the principal occasion His best of man, and gave him up of the fin of Eve, inductive mainly

to tears) This thought (as to the son of Eve. How different is Mr. Whalley observes) is certainly this image from God's image, when from Shakespear, whose words Mil. (as we read in IV.291.)

- in

2 3

Inductive mainly to the fin of Eve.
Therefore so abject is their punishment, 520
Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own,
Or if his likeness, by themselves defac'd,
While they pervert pure nature's healthful rules
To loathsome sickness, worthily, fince they
God's image did not reverence in themselves.

525
I yield it just, faid Adam, and submit.
But is there yet no other way, tesides
These painful passages, how we may come
To death, and mix with our connatural duft?
There is, said Michael, if thou well observe

530 The rule of not too much, by temp’rance taught, In what thou eat’st and drink'st, seeking from thence Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight, Till many years over thy head return: 80 may'st thou live, till like ripe fruit thou drop 535

Into in their looks divine Cicero De Senec. 19. Et quafi poThe image of their glorious Maker ma ex arboribus, cruda fi fint, vi fhone,

avelluntur ; fi matura et coeta, deTruth, wisdom, sanctitude severe cidunt: fic vitam adolescentibus vis and pure!

aufert, senibus maturitas. 531. The rule of not too much,] &c?j There is something very just

538.

but then thou must qutlive Ne quid nimis.

and poetical in this description of 537. Gather'd, not harjoly pluck'd, the miseries of old age, so finely con

for death mature:] He feems trafted as they are with the opposit to have had in mind this pafiage of pleasyres of youth. It is indeed

fhort,

Into thy mother's lap, or be with ease
Gather’d, not harshly pluck’d, for death mature:
This is old age ; but then thou must outlive
Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will change
To wither’d, weak, and gray; thy senses then 540
Obtuse, all taste of pleasure must forgo,
To what thou haft; and for the air of youth,
Hopeful and chearful, in thy blood will reign
A melancholy damp of cold and dry
To weigh thy spirits down, and last consume

545 The balm of life. To whom our ancestor.

Henceforth I fly not death, nor would prolong Life much, bent rather how I may Fairest and easiest of this cumbrous charge, Which I must keep till my appointed day 550 Of rendring up, and patiently attend My diffolution. Michaël reply'd.

Nor short, but vastly expressive, and I

Which I must keep till my apthink ought to excite the pity as well pointed day as the admiration of the reader; Of rendring up. Michael to him fince the poor poet is here no doubt reply'd. describing what he felt at the time he wrote it, being then in the de. But I suppose the author thought cline of life, and troubled with va- that ending too abrupt, and there. rious infirmities. Thyer.

fore added these words in the second 551. and patiently attend edition, and omitted to him for the

My di solution.] In the first edition verse fake. it was thus,

553. Nor

be quit

24

Nor love thy life, nor hate ; but what thou liv'st Live well, how long or short permit to Heaven: And now prepare thee for another sight.

555 He look’d, and saw a spacious plain, whereon Were tents of various hue; by some were herds Of cattel grazing; others, whence the sound Of instruments that made melodious chime Was heard, of harp and organ; and who mov'd 560 Their stops and chords was seen; his volant touch Instinct through all proportions low and high Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue.

In 553. Nor love thy life, nor hate;] 557. Were tents of various bue; &c.) Mariial. Lib. 1o.

These were the tents of the posterity Summum nec metuas diem,

of Cain, as the author bimself after

wards instructs us; by some were herds optes. 554: permit to Heaven :) Per. of cattel grazing; these belong'd to

Jabal, he was the father of such as mitte Divis. Hor. Od. I. IX. 9.

dwell in tents, and of such as have 536. He look'd, and saw a spacious cattel

. Gen. IV. 20. Others, whence plain, &c ] As there is now the found was heard of harp and or a contralt and opposition of inci. gan; these belong'd to fubal, be a contratt and opposition of inci: *was the father of all fuch as handle dents, the author after this melancholy prospect of death and sickness; In other part food one at the forge,

the harp and organ. Gen. IV. 21. raises up a scene of mirth, love, and this was Tubal-cain, an infirucior of jollity. The secret pleasure that steals into Adam's heart, as he is every artificer in brass and iron. Gen. intent upon this vision, is imagin'd

562. Inftinet through all proportions with great delicacy. I must not omit the deícription of the loose female if inspired, flew thro' all the various

&c.] His nimble fingers, as troop, who seduced the sons of God, distances of found, o'er all proporas they are called in Scripture.

tions, low or bigb, treble or base, For that fair female troop thou and through all its parts followed saw'ft, &c. Addison. the founding symphony. A fugue

(of

nec

IV. 22.

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