Sivut kuvina

Wide hovering, all the clouds together drove
From under Heav'n; the hills to their supply 740

Vapor, and exhalation dusk and moist,
Sent up amain ; and now the thicken'd sky
Like a dark cieling stood; down rulh'd the rain


this paper ;

than that in Ovid, where we are book of Paradise Lost, because it is told that the sea-calfs lay in those not generally reckond among the places where the goats were used to most shining books of this poem ; browze? The reader may find seve. for which reason the reader might ral other parallel passages in the Latin be apt to overlook those many pafand English description of the de- sages in it which deserve our admiluge, wherein our poet has visibly ration. The eleventh and twelfth the advantage. The sky's being over are indeed built upon that fingle charged with clouds, the descending circumstance of the removal of our of the rains, the rising of the seas, first parents from Paradise ; but tho' and the appearance of the rainbow, this is not in itself so great a subject are such descriptions as every one as that in most of the foregoing must take notice of. The circum- books, it is extended and diversified stance relating to Paradise is so finely with so many surprising incidents and imagin'd, and suitable to the opini- pleasing episodes, that these two laft ons of many learned authors, that I books can by no means be looked cannot forbear giving it a place in upon as unequal parts of this divine

poem. I must further add, that had

not Milton represented our first pathen shall this mount Of Paradise by might of waves be rents as driven out of Paradise, his

fall of man would not have been mov'd &c.

complete,and consequently bis action The transition which the poet makes would have been imperfect. from the vision of the deluge, to the

Addison. concern it occafion'd in Adam, is The reader may farther compare exquisitely graceful, and copied after the following passages with Miston, Virgil, though the first thought it and he will easily see the superiority introduces is rather in the spirit of of the English poet. Ovid. Met. I. Ovid,

264. How did it thou grieve then, Adam, Terribilem piceâ tectus caligine

- Madidis notus evolat alis, to behold &c.

vultum. I have been the more particular in Utque manu latâ pendentia nubila my quotations out of the eleventh preslit,

Impetuous, and continued till the earth
No more was seen; the floting vessel swum

Uplifted, and secure with beaked prow
Rode tilting o'er the waves; all dwellings else
Flood overwhelm’d, and them with all their pomp


hinds away,

Fit fragor; hinc denfi funduntur ab Then rushing onwards with a sweepy æthere nimbi.

sway, Nuncia Junonis varios induta co Bear flocks and folds, and lab'ring.

lores Concipit Iris aquas, alimentaque Nor safe their dwellings were, for nubibus adfert.

fapt by floods, Expatiata ruunt per apertos fumina' Their houses fell upon their houscampos ;

hold Gods. Dryden. Cumque satis arbusta fimul, pecu- Is it not juster and better to say, that

desque, virosque, Tectaque, cumque suis rapiunt pe- ther from under Heaven, than that

the fouth-wind blew all the clouds togenetralia facris.

he Squeez'd the clouds with his broad The south he loos’d, who night and hand? and is it not a more philohorror brings ;

sophical account, that the bills fent And fogs are shaken from his faggy jupply, than that the rainbow supplied

up vapor and exhalation to iheir wings;

them with nourishment ? and is there Still as he swept along, with his clench'd fift

not more majelty in this short and He squeez’d the clouds, th' im- whelm'd all divellings, and them with

full description, that the floods overprison'd clouds resift: The skies from pole to pole with

all their pomp deep under water roll’d,

than in mentioning so particularly peals resound; And show'rs inlarg'd come pouring and minutely the floods sweeping away on the ground.

corn, and trees, and cattel, and men, Then, clad in colors of a various

and houses, with their houfold Gods?

these are none of the least

yet dye, Junonian Iris breeds a new supply Mining passages in the Latin poet. To feed the clouds: impetuous rain

743. Like a dark cieling food ;] descends-

Cieling may be thought too mean a Th' expanded waters gather on the word in poetry, but Milton had a plain :

view to its derivation from Cælum They flote the fields, and overtop (Latin) Cielo (Italian) Heaven. the grain ;

Richardson. 755. of


Deep under water rolld; sea cover'd sea,
Sea without shore; and in their palaces 750
Where luxury late reign'd, sea-monsters whelp'd
And stabled; of mankind, fo numerous late,
All left, in one small bottom swum imbark'd.
How didst thou grieve then, Adam, to behold
The end of all thy ofspring, end fo sad, 755
Depopulation ? thee another flood,
Of tears and sorrow' a flood thee also drown'd,
And funk thee as thy fons; till gently rear'd
By th’Angel, on thy feet thou stood'st at last,
Though comfortlefs, as when a father mourns 760
His children, all in view destroy'd at once;
And searce to th’Angel utter’dst thus thy plaint.
O visions ill foreseen! better had I

Liv'd 752. of mankind, so numerous The burd'n of many ages, ] Diftrilate,

buted, dealt out in parcels, to be a All left, in one small bottom fwum fufficient burden, the load of many imbark'd

ages. Dispensare from penso to weigh; See Vida's Chrif. L. 1.

thence comes the word pensum, the Omnibus hic pauci extin&tis morta- quantity of wool that was weigh'd libus ibant

out to the maids to fpin, thence it Inclufi ligno fummas impune per pense is to diftribute these tasks to

means a task in general, and to disundas. Tbyer.

every one. The word is used with 765.

each day's lot great propriety, and in the true anEnough to bear;] Matth. VI. 34. tique sense. See also III. 579. Sufficient unto the day is the evil

Richardson. thereof.

770. Let no man seek &c.] This 766.

di pens'd
monition was not impertinent at a

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Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borrie
My part of evil only, each day's lot

Enough to bear; thofe now, that were dispens’d
The burd'n of many ages, on me light
At once, by my foreknowledge gaining birth
Abortive, to torment me ere their being,
With thought that they muft be. Let no man feek
Henceforth to be foretold what shall befall

771 Him or his childrent ; evil he may be sure, Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, And he the future evil shall no lefs In apprehension than in fubstance feel

775 Grievous to bear : but that care now is past, Man is not whom to warn: those few escap'd Famin and anguish will at last consume

Wand'ring time when the folly of casting na. et tu pereas. Terence. Eun. Homo tivities was still in use. Warburton. neque meo judicio ftultus, et suo 273. Which neither his foreknowing valde sapiens. Cicero De Orătore. can prevent,] Dr. Bentley 777

those few escap'd says that nothing follows as fequel Famin and anguish will at lafi conto neither, and supposes he gave it, fume] Which never his foreknowing can Maxima pars undâ rapitur; quibus prevent.

unda pepercit,

Illos longa domant inopi jejunia But neither is not always follow'd by


Ovid. Met. I. 311. hor, but sometimes by and; and I wonder the Doctor should object to The most of mortals perish in the this manner of speaking, when it is flood, so frequent and so elegant in Latin. The small remainder dies for want Vide quid agas, ne neque illi profis, of food. Dryden.

798. Shalt

Wand’ring that watry defert: I had hope
When violence was ceas'd, and war on earth, 780
All would have then gone well, peace would have

With length of happy days the race of man;
But I was far deceiv'd; for now I see
Peace to corrupt no less than war to waste.
How comes it thus ? unfold, celestial Guide, 785
And whether here the race of man will end.

Towhom thus Michael. Those whom last thou saw'st In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they First seen in acts of prowess eminent And great exploits, but of true virtue void;

790 Who having spilt much blood, and done much waste Subduing nations, and achiev'd thereby Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey, Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and sloth, Surfeit, and lust, till wantonness and pride

795 Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. The conquer'd also, and inslav'd by war Shall with their freedom lost all virtue lose


799. Shall with their freedom loft where shows his love of liberty, and all virtue lose] Milton every here he observes very rightly that


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