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Wide hovering, all the clouds together drove
this paper ;
than that in Ovid, where we are book of Paradise Lost, because it is told that the sea-calfs lay in those not generally reckond among the places where the goats were used to most shining books of this poem ; browze? The reader may find seve. for which reason the reader might ral other parallel passages in the Latin be apt to overlook those many pafand English description of the de- sages in it which deserve our admiluge, wherein our poet has visibly ration. The eleventh and twelfth the advantage. The sky's being over are indeed built upon that fingle charged with clouds, the descending circumstance of the removal of our of the rains, the rising of the seas, first parents from Paradise ; but tho' and the appearance of the rainbow, this is not in itself so great a subject are such descriptions as every one as that in most of the foregoing must take notice of. The circum- books, it is extended and diversified stance relating to Paradise is so finely with so many surprising incidents and imagin'd, and suitable to the opini- pleasing episodes, that these two laft ons of many learned authors, that I books can by no means be looked cannot forbear giving it a place in upon as unequal parts of this divine
poem. I must further add, that had
not Milton represented our first pathen shall this mount Of Paradise by might of waves be rents as driven out of Paradise, his
fall of man would not have been mov'd &c.
complete,and consequently bis action The transition which the poet makes would have been imperfect. from the vision of the deluge, to the
Addison. concern it occafion'd in Adam, is The reader may farther compare exquisitely graceful, and copied after the following passages with Miston, Virgil, though the first thought it and he will easily see the superiority introduces is rather in the spirit of of the English poet. Ovid. Met. I. Ovid,
264. How did it thou grieve then, Adam, Terribilem piceâ tectus caligine
- Madidis notus evolat alis, to behold &c.
vultum. I have been the more particular in Utque manu latâ pendentia nubila my quotations out of the eleventh preslit,
Impetuous, and continued till the earth
Fit fragor; hinc denfi funduntur ab Then rushing onwards with a sweepy æthere nimbi.
sway, Nuncia Junonis varios induta co Bear flocks and folds, and lab'ring.
lores Concipit Iris aquas, alimentaque Nor safe their dwellings were, for nubibus adfert.
fapt by floods, Expatiata ruunt per apertos fumina' Their houses fell upon their houscampos ;
hold Gods. Dryden. Cumque satis arbusta fimul, pecu- Is it not juster and better to say, that
desque, virosque, Tectaque, cumque suis rapiunt pe- ther from under Heaven, than that
the fouth-wind blew all the clouds togenetralia facris.
he Squeez'd the clouds with his broad The south he loos’d, who night and hand? and is it not a more philohorror brings ;
sophical account, that the bills fent And fogs are shaken from his faggy jupply, than that the rainbow supplied
up vapor and exhalation to iheir wings;
them with nourishment ? and is there Still as he swept along, with his clench'd fift
not more majelty in this short and He squeez’d the clouds, th' im- whelm'd all divellings, and them with
full description, that the floods overprison'd clouds resift: The skies from pole to pole with
all their pomp deep under water roll’d,
than in mentioning so particularly peals resound; And show'rs inlarg'd come pouring and minutely the floods sweeping away on the ground.
corn, and trees, and cattel, and men, Then, clad in colors of a various
and houses, with their houfold Gods?
these are none of the least
yet dye, Junonian Iris breeds a new supply Mining passages in the Latin poet. To feed the clouds: impetuous rain
743. Like a dark cieling food ;] descends-
Cieling may be thought too mean a Th' expanded waters gather on the word in poetry, but Milton had a plain :
view to its derivation from Cælum They flote the fields, and overtop (Latin) Cielo (Italian) Heaven. the grain ;
Richardson. 755. of
Deep under water rolld; sea cover'd sea,
Liv'd 752. of mankind, so numerous The burd'n of many ages, ] Diftrilate,
buted, dealt out in parcels, to be a All left, in one small bottom fwum fufficient burden, the load of many imbark'd
ages. Dispensare from penso to weigh; See Vida's Chrif. L. 1.
thence comes the word pensum, the Omnibus hic pauci extin&tis morta- quantity of wool that was weigh'd libus ibant
out to the maids to fpin, thence it Inclufi ligno fummas impune per pense is to diftribute these tasks to
means a task in general, and to disundas. Tbyer.
every one. The word is used with 765.
each day's lot great propriety, and in the true anEnough to bear;] Matth. VI. 34. tique sense. See also III. 579. Sufficient unto the day is the evil
770. Let no man seek &c.] This 766.
Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borrie
771 Him or his childrent ; evil he may be sure, Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, And he the future evil shall no lefs In apprehension than in fubstance feel
775 Grievous to bear : but that care now is past, Man is not whom to warn: those few escap'd Famin and anguish will at last consume
Wand'ring time when the folly of casting na. et tu pereas. Terence. Eun. Homo tivities was still in use. Warburton. neque meo judicio ftultus, et suo 273. Which neither his foreknowing valde sapiens. Cicero De Orătore. can prevent,] Dr. Bentley 777
those few escap'd says that nothing follows as fequel Famin and anguish will at lafi conto neither, and supposes he gave it, fume] Which never his foreknowing can Maxima pars undâ rapitur; quibus prevent.
Illos longa domant inopi jejunia But neither is not always follow'd by
Ovid. Met. I. 311. hor, but sometimes by and; and I wonder the Doctor should object to The most of mortals perish in the this manner of speaking, when it is flood, so frequent and so elegant in Latin. The small remainder dies for want Vide quid agas, ne neque illi profis, of food. Dryden.
Wand’ring that watry defert: I had hope
Towhom thus Michael. Those whom last thou saw'st In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they First seen in acts of prowess eminent And great exploits, but of true virtue void;
790 Who having spilt much blood, and done much waste Subduing nations, and achiev'd thereby Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey, Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and sloth, Surfeit, and lust, till wantonness and pride
795 Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. The conquer'd also, and inslav'd by war Shall with their freedom lost all virtue lose
799. Shall with their freedom loft where shows his love of liberty, and all virtue lose] Milton every here he observes very rightly that