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And fear of God, from whom their piety feign'd
In sharp contest of battel found no aid 800
Against invaders; therefore cool'd in zeal
Thencefore shall practice how to live secure,
Worldly or diffolute, on what their lords
Shall leave them to enjoy ; for th' earth shall bear
More than enough, that temp’rance may be try'd:
So all shall turn degenerate, all deprav'd,

806
Justice and temp’rance, truth and faith forgot;
One man except, the only son of light
In a dark age, against example good,
Against allurement, custom, and a world 810
Offended; fearless of reproach and scorn,
Or violence, he of their wicked ways
Shall them admonish, and before them set
The paths of righteousness, how much more fafe,
And full of peace, denouncing wrath to come

815 On their impenitence; and shall return Of them derided, but of God observ'd The one just man alive; by his command Shall build a wondrous ark, as thou beheldft,

To

the loss of liberty is soon follow'd by There are such fentiments in several the loss of all virtue and religion. parts of his prose-works, as well as

820

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To save himself and houshald from amidit
A world devote to universal wrack.
No sooner he with them of man and beast
Select for life ihall in the ark be lodg’d,
And shelter'd round, but all the cataracts
Of Heav'n set open on the earth shall pour
Rain day and night; all fountains of the deep
Broke

up,
shall heave the ocean to usurp

Bein Aristotle and other masters of Rain day and night; all fountains politics.

of the deep 821. A world devote to universal

Broke up,] Gen. VII: 11. The wrack.] Devote is used here fame day were all the fountains of and elsewhere as devoted: And in

the great deep broken up, and the wire Milcon's own editions it is universal Windows of Heaven are translated

dows of Heaven were open'd. The rack, but we have printed it wrack the

catara&s in the Syriac and Arato distinguish it from rack the inftru- bic versions, and in the Septuagint ment of torture; and we have Mil. and Vulgar Latin, which Milton ton's authority for so doing, for he here follows ; and what they are, has printed it so himself in VI. 670, those will belt under and who have in both his editions:

seen the fallings of waters, called and now all Heav'n Spouts, in hot countries, when the Had gone to wrack &c. clouds do not break into drops, but It is probable that both words were rent: and the great deep is the vakt

fall with terrible violence in a tororiginally of the same extraction ; abyss of waters contain 'd within the but as the different senses have been bowels of the earth, and in the sea. so long diftinguith'd by different spel

829. then shall this mount ling, it is proper to preserve this distinction in order to avoid ambi

Of Paradise &c.] It is the opinion guity and confufion. And for the

of many learned men, that Paradise lame reason we spelt differently was destroy'd

by the deluge, and wracking in II. 182. and racking in poetical manner. Pufb’d by the horned

a XI. 481.

flood, so that it was before the flood 824.

all the cataracts became universal, and while it pour'd Of Heav'n fet open on the earth along like a vast river ; for rivers

when they meet with any thing to

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Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise
Above the highest hills: then shall this mount
Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd

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Out of his place, push'd by the horned flood,
With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift,
Down the great river to the opening gulf, ,
And there take root an iland salt and bare,
The haunt of seals, and orcs, and sea-mews clang:

To obstruct their passage, divide them- Eronja ap NOES THXO is poove us selves and become borned as it were, mo

apce

Zeus and hence the ancients have com- Ewaxes, ope9. is Jansoy csendou pared them to balls.

TEIXEd Agra. Sic tauriformis volvitur Aufidus.

*Those turn'd by Phæbus from their Hor. Od. IV. XIV. 25. Et gemina auratus taurino cornua Delug'd the rampire nine continual vultu

days; Eridanus. Virg. Georg. IV. 371. The weight of waters faps the yield

ing wall, Corniger Hesperidum fluvius regna- And to the sea the floting bulwarks tor aquarum.

Æn. VIII.77. fall : Dawn tbe great river to the opening Incessant cataracts the thund’ser gulf, down the river Tigris or Eu pours, phrates to the Persian gulf: they And half the skies descend in Auicy were both rivers of Eden, and Eu show'rs, EC. Pope. phrates particularly is called in Scrip

835. - and orcs,] Orca eft genus ture the great river, the river Eu.

marinæ belluæ maximum. Feft. The phrates, Gen. XV. 18. It is very word occurs frequently in Ariosto. probable that our author took the

Heylins firft thought of pushing Paradise by the force of floods into the sea from 835. -- and sea-meus clang :) Homer, who describes the destruc- So also in VII. 422. with clang des tion of the Grecian wall by an in. Spis’d the ground, adopting the clanundation very much in the same gor of the Latins," which is a word poetical manner, Iliad. XII. 24.

that they almoft conftantly use to Twearlovy spore somatostparts of large flocks of birds.

express the noise made by the flight άοιβος Απολλων,

Thyer. 836. T.

wonted ways,

To teach thee that God attributes to place 836
No fanctity, if none be thither brought
By men who there frequent, or therein dwell.
And now what further shall ensue, behold.

He look'd, and saw the ark hull on the flood, 840
Which now abated; for the clouds were fled,
Driv'n by a keen north-wind, that blowing dry

Wrinkled 836. To teach thee that God attri. Jam mare littus habet ; plenos cabutes to place

pit alveus amnes ; No fan&tity, &c.] Milton omits no Flumina subsidunt ; colles exire viopportunity of lashing what he

dentur ; thought superstitious. These lines Surgit humus; crescunt loca demay serve as one instance, and I crescentibus undis. think he plainly here alludes to the manner of consecrating churches used He loos’d the northern wind; fierce by Archbishop Laud, which was pro Boreas fies digiously clamor'd against by people To puff away the clouds, and purge of our author's way of thinking, as the skies : superstitious and popish. Thyer. Serenely, while he blows, the va840. – the ark hull on the flood,]

pors driv'n,

Discover Heav'n to earth, and earth A fhip is said to bull when all her fails are taken down, and she flotes

to Heav'n.

A thin circumference of land apto and fro. Richardson.

pears ; 841. Which now abated; for the And earth, but not at once, her clouds were fled,

visage rears, Driv'n by a keen north wind,] The And peeps upon the seas from upScripture says only that God made a

per grounds ; wind to pass over, the earth; it is The ftreams, but juft contain'd most probable that it was a north within their bounds, wind, as that is such a drying wind : By slow degrees into their channels but our poet follows Ovid in this

crawl ; as well as several other particulars, And earth increases as the waters Met. I. 328.

fall. Dryden. Nubila disjecit; nimbisque Aquilone remotis,

843.Wrinkled the face of deluge, as Et cælo terras oftendit, et æthera decay'd;] This allusive comterris.

parison of the furface of the de

creasing

Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decay'd;
And the clear fun on his wide watry glass
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew, 845
As after thirst, which made their flowing shrink
From standing lake to tripping ebb, that stole
With soft foot tow’ards the deep, who now had stopt
His fluces, as the Heav'n his windows shut.

The

creasing waters, wrinkled by the 846. — which made their flowing wind, to the wrinkles of a decaying forink] Their I fuppofe reold age is very far fetch'd and ex- fers to wave before mention'd, as a tremely boyish; but the author makes noun of multitude, of the plural us ample amends in the remaining number. It is not easy to account part of this description of the abating for the syntax otherwise. of the flood. The circumitances of it are few, but selected with great 847. From standing lake to tripping judgment, and express'd with no less ebb,] Tripping from tripuspirit and beauty. In this respect, diare, to dance, to itep lightly upon it must be own'd, Milton greatly the toes, a natural description of excels the Italians, who are gene. soft-ebbing, as VII. 300. and so it sally too prolix in their descriptions, follows, that fole with soft foot, this and think they have never said bold personizing is perpetually us’d enough whilft any thing remains un. by the Greek, and consequently the said. When once enough is said to Latin poets, who always imitate excite in the reader's mind a proper them, Hor. Epod. XVI. 47. idea of what the poet is represent

montibus altis ing, whatever is added, however beautiful, ferves only to teize the

Levis crepante lympha defilit pede.

Richardjon. fancy instead of pleasing it, and rather cools than iinproves that glow 848.the deep, who now had fopt of pleasure, which arises in the His Nuces, as the Heav'n bis win. mind upon its first contemplation of dows fout.] Gen. VIII, 2. The any surprising scene of nature well fountains also of the deep, and the painted out. Of this Milton was windows of Heaven were popped. very sensible, and throughout his For this and other particulars of the whole poem has scarcely ever been ark resting upon the mountains of hurried by his imagination into Ararat, and of the raven, and of the any thing inconsistent with it. dove 6's, see the same chapter.

Thyer, VOL. II.

Bb

850.

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