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The ark no more now flotes, but seems on ground
Fast on the top of some high mountain fix'd. 851
And now the tops of hills as rocks appear ;
With clamor thence the rapid currents drive
Towards the retreating sea their furious tide.
Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies,
And after him, the surer messenger,
A dove sent forth once and again to spy
Green tree or ground whereon his foot may light;
The second time returning, in his bill
An olive leaf he brings, pacific fign:

Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark
The ancient fire descends with all his train;
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout,
Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds
A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow
Conspicuous with three listed colors

gay, Betokening peace from God, and covenant new.

Whereat 850. - flotes,] This is the right - placitam paci nutritor olivam, way of spelling the word, as it Virg. Georg. II. 425. Hume. comes from the French foter. Add this likewise, 860. An olive leaf he brings, paci

fic sigr:] Sign of peace, of Paciferæque manu ramum prætenGod's mercy to mankind; the olive

dit olivæ. Æn. VIII. 116. was sacred to Pallas, and borne by 866. Conspicuous with three lifted those that fued for peace, as being

colors gay,] He afterwards the emblem of it and plenty: calls it the triple-color'd bow, ver.


Whereat the heart of Adam erst so fad
Greatly rejoic’d, and thus his joy broke forth.

O thou who future things canst represent 870
As present, heav'nly Instructor, I revive
At this last fight, assur'd that man shall live
With all the creatures, and their seed preserve.
Far less I now lament for one whole world
Of wicked sons destroy'd, than I rejoice 875
For one man found so perfect and so just,
That God vouchsafes to raise another world
From him, and all his anger to forget.
But say, what mean those color'd streaks in Heaven
Diftended as the brow of God appeas'd, 880
Or serve they as a flow'ry verge to bind
The Auid skirts of that same watry cloud,
Lest it again dissolve and show'r the earth ?

To whom th’ Arch-Angel. Dextrously thou aim'st; So willingly doth God remit his ire,

Though 897. and he means probably the Though late repenting him of man three principal colors, red, yellow,

depray'd, and blue, of which the others are Griev'd at his heart,compounded.

And it repented the Lord that he had 884. To whom thArch. Angel. &c.] made man on the earth, and it grieved The reader will easily observe how him at his heart, Gen. VI. 6. much of this speech is built upon Scripture.

- when looking down he saw B b 2



Though late repenting him of man depravid, Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw The whole earth fill'd with violence, and all flesh Corrupting each their way; yet those remov'd, Such

grace Thall one just man find in his sight, 890 That he relents, not to blot out mankind, And makes a covenant never to destroy The earth again by flood, nor let the sea Surpass his bounds, nor rain to drown the world


in his fight,

The whole earth filled with vio And call to mind his covenant: lence, and all Heih

And it small come to pass when I bring Corrupting each their way;

a cloud over the earth, that the low The worth also suas corrupt before God, hall be seen in the cloud: and I will and the earth was filled with violence, look upon it that I may remember the

And God locked upon the earth, and everlafing covenant between God and behold it was corrupt ; for all flesh every living creature of all fless that had corrupted his way upon the earth, is upon the earth, ver. 14, 16. ver. II, 12.

day and night, Such grace shall one just man find Seed-time and harvest, heat and

hoary frost But Noah found grace in the eyes of Shall hold their course, the Lord, ver. 8.

While the earth remaineth, feed-time And makes a covenant never to and harvest, and cold and heat, and dellroy

Summer and winter, and day and night The earth again by flood, Shall not cease, Gen. VIII, 22, And I will establish my covenant with

till fire purge all things new, you, neither shall all flesh be cut off Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein any more by the waters of a flood, the just shall dwell. neither foall there any more be a flood The Heavens being on fire shall be difto destroy the earth. Gen. IX. 11. folved, and the elements shall melt with

-- but when he brings fervent heat: nevertheless we, accordOver the earth a cloud, will therein ing to his promise, look for new Heaset

vens and a new Earth, wherein dwels His triple-color'd bow, whereon to leth righteousness, 2 Pet. III. 12, 13,


895. With

With man therein or beast; but when he brings 895
Over the earth a cloud, will therein fet
His triple-color'd bow, whereon to look,
And call to mind his covenant : day and night,
Seed-time and harvest, heat and hoary frost

899 Shall hold their course, till fire purge all things new, Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell.

895. With man therein or beast;] man and beas comprehend the birds Dr. Bentley reads With man or beast too: see Psal. XXXVI. 6. Jerem. or fowl; because (as he says) the XXI. 6. and XXXII. 43. And our birds are here forgot, and yet they poet has twice before (ver. 733, were in the ark as well as the beasts, 822.) spoken of all the inhabitants and were included in the covenant of the ark under this very title of too. But in the Scripture phrase man and beaft. Pearce.

The end of the Eleventh Book.

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