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And hence the morning planet gilds her horns ; | By tincture or reflection they augment

Their small peculiar, though from human fight
So far remote, with diminution feen.
First in his east the glorious lamp was seen, 370
Regent of day, and all th' horizon round
Invested with bright rays, jocond to run

His This horror will grow mild, this However it would have been more darkness light;

artificial, if the structure had been Besides what hope the never-ending different. We know very well that Aight:

there are parallel instances even in and in VI. 34.

Homer and Virgil; but tho' some far worse to bear

may think them beauties in Greek

and Latin, we think them none in Than violence; for this was all

an English poem professedly written thy care :

in blank verse. In all such cases

we must say with Horace, De Arte By facred unction, thy deserved Poet. 351. right.

Verum ubi plura nitent in carmine, Go then thou mightieft in thy Fa non ego paucis ther's might:

Offendar maculis, quas aut incuria and in XI. 230.

fudit, Aut humana


cavit natura. One of the heav'nly hoft, and by


jocond to run None of the meaneft, some great His longitude throgh Ileav'n's hizo potentate :

road;) Dr. Bentley calls longitude here mere noníense; and there

fore reads His long carreer through &c. The bent of nature; which he thus But we must not part with longitude express’d.

so easily: it signiñes the fun's course True opener of mine eyes, prime from east to west in a strait and di

rect line: and we find Milton using There are perhaps two or three other the word after much the same maninstances in the poem: but the jingle ner in III. 576. This Passage alludes of the rime is pretty well avoided to Pfal. XIX. 5. where it is said of by the pause in the verses, or by the sun, that be rejoiceth as a giant to their running into one another. run his course.



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the gray

His longitude through Heav'n's high road; othe gray
Dawn, and the Pleiades before him danc'dont il titi
Shedding sweet influence: less bright the moon, 375
But opposit in level'd west was set ?" pis giri vine
His mirror, with full face borrowing her light b :)
From him, for other light she needed none
In that aspect, and still that distance keeps
Till night, then in the east her turn she shines, 380
Revoly'd on Heav’n’s great axle, and her reign

With 1373

fun at his creation, intimates very i Dawn, and the Pleiades before him plainly that the creation was in the danc'd

{pring according to the common Shedding sweet influence :] These opinion. Virg. Georg. II. 338, &c. are beautiful images, and very much Ver illud erat; ver magnus resemble the famous picture of the

agebat morning by Guido, where the fun

Orbis, et hibernis parcebant flatibus is represented in his chariot, with the Aurora flying before him fhed; Cum primæ lucem pecudes hau

Euri, ding flowers, and seven beautiful nymph-like figures dancing before and about his chariot, which are And when he farther adds shedding commonly taken for the Hours, but fweet influence, it is in allufion to possibly may be the Pleiades, as they Job XXXVIII. 31. Canft thou bind are seven in number, and it is not the sweet influences of Pleiades? easy to asign a reason why the Hours i it! should be fignified by that number 387. And God said, &c.] This particularly. The picture is on a and eleven verses following are alcieling at Rome; but there are copies moft word for word from Genefis I. of 'it in England, and an excellent 20, 21, 22. And God said, Let the print by Jac. Frey. The Pleiades waters bring forth abundantly the are seven stars in the neck of the moving creature that bath life, and constellation Taurus, which rising fowl that may fly above the earth in about the time of the vernal equi- the open firmament of Heaven. And nox, are called by the Latins Vero God created great whales, and every giliæ Our poet therefore in faying living creature that moveth, wbich that the Pleiades danc'd before the the waters brought forth abundantly,


sere, &c.

With thousand lefser lights dividual holds,
With thousand thousand stars, that then appear'd
Spangling the hemisphere: then first adorn'd
Wįth their bright luminaries that set and rose, 385
Glad evening and glad morn crown' the fourth day.

And God said, Let the waters generate
Reptil with spawn abundant, living soul:
And let fowl fly above the earth, with wings
Display'd on the open firmament of Heaven.


And after their kind, and every winged creatures as move in the waters, fowl after his kind: and God saw (see Le Clerc's note on Gen. I. 20.) that it was good. And God blessed and by creeping thing mention'd in tbem, saying, Be fruitful and multi- the fixth day's creation he means Pb, and fill the waters in the seas, creeping things of the earth; for so and let fowl multiply in the earth. both in Milton's account, ver. 452. This is the general account of the and in Gen. I. 24. the words of the fifth day's creation, and the poet earth are to be join'd in construction afterwards branches it out into the to creeping thing. Hence the Doctor's several particulars.

objection is answer'd by faying that

they were not the same creeping 388. Reptil with spawn abundant, things which Milton mentions in the

living foul:] By reptil is two places. But let us hear how meant creeping thing; and according the Doctor proposes to mend the to the marginal reading of our Eng- passage, lish version, Gen. I. 20. (which follows the LXX verfion here) creeping Replete with spawn abundant, living

Let the waters generate, things are said to have been created on this fifth day. Le Clerc too with the generality of interpreters renders This reading cannot possibly be adthe Hebrew word by reptil

. To this mitted, without making Milton's Dr. Bentley objects that creeping words imply (contrary to the fact) things were created on the fixth that the hpawn was præcxistent to day, according to the account given this fifth day's creation, and the us both by Moses and by Milton waters were replete with it, before himself. But by reptil or creeping God said Let the waters gererate &c.

Pearce. thing here Milton means all fuch

foul :

400, Hithe

And God created the great whales, and each
Soul living, each that crept, which plenteously
The waters generated by their kinds,
And every bird of wing after his kind;

And saw that it was good, and bless’d them, saying,
Be fruitful, multiply, and in the seas
And lakes and running streams the waters fill;
And let the fowl be multiply'd on th' earth.
Forthwith the sounds and seas, each creek and bay
With fry innumerable swarm, and shoals


Of 400. With fry innumerable fwarm, 402: in sculls that oft

&c.j One would wonder Bank the mid sea :) Shoals of fish how the poet could be so concise in so vast, that they appear like mighty his description of the fix days works, banks in the midst of the sea. Sculls as to comprehend them within the and shoals are valt multitudes of fish, bounds of an episode, and at the of the Saxon sceole, an assembly. same time so particular, as to give

Hume. us a lively idea of them. This is Shoals in sculls seems an odd expresstill more remarkable in his account fion ; would not shoals and sculls be of the fifth and fixth days, in which

better? he has drawn out to our view the whole animal creation from the rep 404.

and through groves til to the behemoth. As the lion Of coral Aray,] Coral is a proand the leviathan are two of the duction of the sea, and is commonly noblest productions in the world of rank'd among the number of marine living creatures, the reader will find plants. The learned Kercher fupa molt exquisite spirit of poetry in poses entire forests of it to grow at the account which our author gives the bottom of the sea, which may us of them. The fixth day concludes justify our author's expression of with the formation of Man, upon groves of Coral. The Ancients bewhich the Angel takes occafion, as liev'd that it was soft under the wahe did after the battel in Heaven, ter and harden'd in the air. Ovid to remind Adam of his obedience, has express'd this notion very pretwhich was the principal design of tily in Met. IV. 750. this his vifit. Addison.


Of fish that with their fins and shining scales
Glide under the green wave, in sculls that oft
Bank the mid sea : part single or with mate
Graze the sea weed their pasture, and through groves
Of coral stray, or sporting with quick glance 405
Show to the sun their wav'd coats dropt with gold,
Or in their pearly shells at ease, attend
Moist nutriment, or under rocks their food
In jointed armour watch : on smooth the seal,
And bended dolphins play: part huge of bulk


WalNanc quoque curaliis eadem natura much resemble one another; and in remanfit,

the civil wars there was a regiment Duritiem tacto capiant ut ab aëre; of horse so completely arm'd, that quodque

they were called Sir Arthur Hasle. Vimen in æquore erat, fiat fuper rig's lobsters. Possibly Milton might

be thinking of them at this very time.

409. The pliant sprays of coral yet de

on smooth the seal,

And berded dolphins play :) The clare Their lifning nature, when expos’d observed to sport on smooth seas in

seal or sea-calf and the dolphin are to air.

calm weather. The dolphin is called Those sprays, which did like

bended, not that he really is so more bending ofiers move,

than any other fish, but only appears Snatch'd from their element, obdurate prove,

crooked, as he forms an arch by And Arubs beneath the waves,

leaping out of the water and instantly

dropping into it again with his head grow stones above. Eusden.

foremost. Ovid therefore describes But later discoveries have shown, that bim tergo delplina recurvo. Fat. II. only the extremities of the branches 113. and his sportive nature is alare a little soft in the water, and luded to by Virgil. Æn. V. 594. foon petrify in the air.

Delphinum fimiles; qui per maria 409. In jointed armour] The rea

humida nando der cannot but be-pleas’d with the

Carpathium Libycumque fecant, beauty of this metaphor. The shells

luduntque per undas. of lobsters &r, and armour very


æquora faxum.

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