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To filial, works of law to works of faith.
320 The second, both for piety renown'd And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive Irrevocable, that his regal throne
For of Jesus; and the names are the of the Gentiles; and again by St. fame, Joshua according to the He. Paul, Heb. IV. 8. If Jesus, that is brew, and Jesus in Greek. The if Joshua, bad given them reff, then Seventy always render Jolhua by would he not afterward bave spoken Jesus, and there are two passages in of another day. And the name Jothe New Testament where Jesus is fhua or Jesus fignifies a Saviour. used for Joshua, once by St. Stephen, - a promise fhall receive &c.) Acts VII.45. The tabernacle which The poet alludes here to the followour fathers brought in with Jefus, ing prophecies : And thine house, and that is with Joshua, into the polefion thy kingdom fall be eftablished for
For ever shall indure; the like shall sing
335 Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll, Whose foul idolatries, and other faults
Heap'd ever before thee; thy throne small be Matth. XXII. 42. foretold to thee as established for ever, 2 Sam. VII. 16. the Woman's feed, Gen. III. 15. And this promise is called irrévoca- foretold to Abraham as a person in ble, for says God Pfal. LXXXIX. whom all nations fhall trust, Gen. 34, 35, 36. My covenant will I not XXII. 18. And in thy seed hall all break, nor alter the thing that is gone the nations of the earth be blessed, out of my lips. Once have I sworn and in him shall the Gentiles truft, by my holiness that I will not lie unto Rom. XV. 12. and to kings foretold, David. His feed shall indure for ever, as the last of kings, for of his reign and his throne as the sun before me. shall be no end, according to the de. The poet goes on, the like shall fing claration of the Angel, Luke I. 32, all prophecy, all the prophets shall 33. The Lord God Mall give unto foretel the same, that of the royal him the throne of his father David; flock of David foall rise a Son, inso- And he mall reign over the house of much that when the Pharisees were Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom asked Whose son is Christ, they all here shall be no end. So thoroughly readily answer. The son of David. has our author ftudied all the parts
Heap'd to the popular sum, will fo incense
350 In mean estate live moderate, till grown
of holy Scripture, and digested them ham, ver. 128: but the Mediterra. into this work.
nean, and Hermon, and the Nile,
seas, and mountains, and rivers, are whose high walls thou fuch places as existed at that very
faw'&c.] I know not time, whereas the walls of Babel whether the poet has not here for- or Babylon were not built till several gotten himself a little ; for it is not years afterwards, and Adam seems strictly true, that Adam saw the now to have lost his prospect of walls left in confusion; it was no things future; as the Angel says, I part of Adam's vision; it is only a perceive thy mortal fight to fail, part of the Angels narration in this ver. 9. We mut not therefore unbook. I was thinking then that derstand the expression litterally; perhaps Adam might see places, tho' for verbs of seeing are often extended he could not see persons; as he sees beyond the bare act, and are apthe Nile, ver. 158, and mount Her- plied to other senses and other faculmon and the Mediterranean, ver. ties of the mind, 142, tho' he could not fee Abra
In wealth and multitude, factious they grow;
With 355. — their strife pollution brings At last they feise the scepter, Aristo, Upon the temple itself: &c.] For it bulus eldett fon of Hyrcanus, highwas chiefly through the contetts be- priest of the Jews, was the first who tween Jason and Menelaus, high- assumed the title of king after the prielts of the Jews, that the temple Babylonith captivity ; before Chrift was polluted by Antiochus Epipha- 107. And regard not David's fons, nes. See 2 Maccab. V. and Prideaux. none of that family having had the
With earth's wide bounds, his glory with the Heavens.
He ceas’d, discerning Adam with such joy , Surcharg’d, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, Without the vent of words, which these he breath'd. O prophet of glad tidings, finisher
375 Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand What oft my steddiest thoughts have search'd in vain; Why our great expectation should be callid The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother, hail, High in the love of Heav'n, yet from
loins 380 Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son Of God most High ; so God with Man unites. Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain : say where and when 384 Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor's heel.
To whom thus Michael. Dream not of their fight, As of a duel, or the local wounds Of head or heel : ,not therefore joins the Son Manhood to God-head, with more strength to foil
Thy government fince Zerubbabel. Then
With earth's wide bounds, bis glory lose it to a stranger, to Herod who with the Heavens. ] was an Idumean, in whose reign Christ was born. See Josephus and Imperium oceano, famam qui ter. Prideaux.
Virg. Æn. I. 287. 370,
and bound bis reign
394. - bis