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And thou their natures know'st, and gav'st them names,
Needless to thee repeated ; nor unknown
The serpent subtlest beast of all the field,

495
Of huge extent sometimes, with brazen eyes
And hairy mane terrific, though to thee
Not noxious, but obedient at thy call.

Now Heav'n in all her glory shone, and rollid
Her motions, as the great first Mover's hand

500 First

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Paris 1744. wherein the curious au 505. There wanted yet the master thor has collected all that Swam

work, &c.] The author merdam and others have written here remember'd and copied Ovid, upon the subject. He says that in a Met. I. 76. hive there is commonly one queen, Sanctius his animal, mentisque caand perhaps a thousand males called drones, and near 20000 working

pacius altæ

Deerat adhuc, et quod dominari in bees of no sex that can be distin

cætera posset. guish'd. The queen or mother bee

Finxit in effigiem moderan. is longer than the rest, and will

pro tûm cuncta Deorum. duce one year with another from

Pronaque cum spectent animalia thirty to forty thousand bees. The

cætera terram, drones or husbands of this queen,

Os homini sublime dedit; cælum, except when they are paying their duty to her, live idly and luxuriously Juffit, et erectos ad fidera tollere upon the finest honey, whereas the

vultus. common bees live in great measure upon wax ; and the queen herself A creature of a more exalted kind will condescend to wait upon the Was wanting yet, and then was drones, and bring them honey; and Man design'd: fo, as Milton expresses it, feeds her Conscious of thought, of more cabusband drone deliciously.

pacious breaft,

For empire form'd, and fit to rule 497. And hairy mane terrific] Vir the relt. gil in like manner attributes a mane

- Thus while the mute creation to serpents, Æn. II. 206.

downward bend

Their fight, and to their carthly - jubæque

mother tend, Sanguinez exuperant undas,

Man

eyes

First wheeld their course; earth in her rich attire
Consummate lovely smild ; air, water, earth,
By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was fwum, was walk'd
Frequent; and of the sixth day yet remain’d;
There wanted

yet
the master work, the end

505 Of all yet done; a creature who not prone

i And brute as other creatures, but indued With fanctity of reason, might erect

His Man looks aloft, and with erected dancy of file had express'd by two

more words spectent terram. Any Beholds his own hereditary skies. good Latin dictionary will furnish

Dryden. the reader with examples of pronus 506. a creature who not prone us'd in this fenfe without any addiAnd brute as other creatures, but tional word; and Milton himself uses indued

it so again in VIII. 433: Why, as With fan&tity of reason,) Dr. Bent- other creatures? says the Doctor, ley finds great fault here, and alters when the Angels are creatures nei. the verses thus,

ther prone, nor brute. But does not a creature who not prone

Ovid's animalia cætera and Cicero's To earth, nor mute, nor beftial, but cæteras animantes in his De Leg. indued

L. 1. warrant Milton's faying as With sanctity, speech, reason,

other creatures? Those other crea

tures can be none but such as RaI agree with him that Milton had Ovid in view, when he compos'd tion of ; and therefore Angels are

phael had been describing the creathese verses. Let us fee then what excluded sufficiently from being unare the Doctor's objections against derstood here. [And Milton, I fupthem. Prome, fays he, barely put; pofe, made use of the word creatures does not express what Milton aim'd

as creature went before ; a creature at from Ovid, viz.

not as other creatures.] With fanctity Pronaque cum fpectent animalia of reason: what does of do here? cætera terram.

says the Docor ; he would bave It is true, that Ovid says more than as read With fanctity and reason. prone: but Milton, who was perfectly Ovid's words are these, skill'd in the force of Latin words,

Sanctius his animal, mentisque caknew that pronus in Latin fufficiently

pacius altæ. exprefs d what Ovid thro' a redun

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His stature, and upright with front ferene tiiz dia
Govern the rest, self-knowing, and from thence sro
Magnanimous to correspond with Heaven,' ; ..
But grateful to acknowledge whence his good. ni
Descends, thither with heart and voice and eyes 5.-
Directed in devotion, to adore
And worship God supreme, who made him chief

515
Of all his works: therefore th' Omnipotent
Eternal Father (for where is not he
Present ?) thus to his Son audibly spake.

Let us make now Man in our image, Man In our similitude, and let them rule

520 Over the fish and fowl of sea and air, Beast of the field, and over all the earth,

And And this verse our poet had in his keeps closely to. Scripture in his acmind, no doubt. But instead of count of the formation of Man as merely copying from it, he has im- well as of the other creatures. And God. prov'd it by expressing Ovid's mean. faid, Let us make Man in our image, ing in clearer and fewer words ; for after our likeness; and let them have in Ovid the fanctity of the creature dominion over the filh of the sea, and consists in its having reason, and this over the fowl of the air, and over Milcon better expresses by fanétity the cattel, and over all the earth, of reason. When the Doctor upon and over every creeping thing that second thoughts proposes to read, creepeth upon the earth. So God created With fanctity, speech, reason, he adds Man in his own image, in the image a circumstance not to be found in of God created he bim: male and the Heathen poet, and therefore not female created be them. And God intended (I presume) by Milton. blessed them, and God said unto them,

Pearce. Be fruitful, and multiply, and re519. Let us make now Man in our plenish the earth, and subdue it: and

image, &c.] The author have daminion over the file of the.

fea,

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And every creeping thing that creeps the ground.
This faid, he form’d thee, Adam, thee, O Man,
Duft of the ground, and in thy noftrils breath'd 525
The breath of life; in his own image he
Created thee, ' in the image of God
Express, and thou becam'st a living foul,
Male he created thee, but thy consórt
Female for race; then bless'd mankind, and said, 530
Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth,
Subdue it, and throughout dominion hold
Over fish of the sea, and fowl of th' air,
And every living thing that moves on th' earth.
Wherever thus created, for no place

535 Is yet distinct by name, thence, as thou know'st,

He fea, and over the forol of the air, life, and "Man became a living foul. and over every living ihing that Gen II. 7. moveth upon the earth. Gen. I. 26, 535. Wherever thus created, &c.] 27, 28. I have set down the pas- The sacred text says that the Lord sage at length, that the reader may God planted a garden eastward in compare the divine historian and Eden'; and there be put the Man the poet together. There are scarce whom he had formed," Gen. II. 8. any alterations, but what were re. And afterwards, ver. 15. And the quifite for the verse, or were occa- Lord God took the Man, and put him fion'd by the change of the person, into the garden of Eden to dress it as the Angel is speaking to Adam and to keep it. This seems to imply And what additions are made, are that Man was created in some other plainly of the same original, as the place, and was afterwards brought reader may see by comparing both into the garden of Eden; and theretogether. And the Lord God formed fore Milton says, Man of the dust of the ground, and Wherever thus created, for no breatbd into bis noftrils the breath of place

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He brought thee into this delicious grove,
This garden, planted with the trees of God,
Delectable both to behold and taste;
And freely all their pleasant fruit for food

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Gave thee; all sorts are here that all th' earth yields
Variety without end; but of the tree,
Which tasted works knowledge of good and evil,
Thou may'st not; in the day thou eat'st, thou dy'ft;
Death is the penalty impos’d, beware,

545 And

govern well thy appetite, lest Sin Surprise thee, and her black attendent Death.

Here finish'd he, and all that he had made View'd, and behold all was entirely good; So ev'n and morn accomplish'd the fixth day: 550

Yet

Is yet distinct by name, thence, as to every living thing, whereas it thou know 'ft,

should be joind in confruction with He brought thee into this delicious He brought thee; Wherever thus grove,

created, i hence he brought thee &c. This garden, &c.

548. Here finib'd be, and all that Dr. Bentley and Mr. Fenton in their be had made editions have pointed the passage View'd,] The pause is very rewrong, and contrary to Milton's markable, and admirably expresses own editions, by putting a full stop the Creator furveying and contembefore thence, where should be only plating his work, a comma, and by putting a comma and behold all was entirely good; after this verse, where should be a So ev'n and morn accomplish'd the

fixtb day. And every living thing that moves He finishes the account of the creaon th' earth,

tion, in the same manner as Moses, and so referring wherever thus created Gen. I. 31. And God fat every

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