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And thou their natures know'st, and gav'st them names,
Now Heav'n in all her glory shone, and rollid
Paris 1744. wherein the curious au 505. There wanted yet the master thor has collected all that Swam
work, &c.] The author merdam and others have written here remember'd and copied Ovid, upon the subject. He says that in a Met. I. 76. hive there is commonly one queen, Sanctius his animal, mentisque caand perhaps a thousand males called drones, and near 20000 working
Deerat adhuc, et quod dominari in bees of no sex that can be distin
cætera posset. guish'd. The queen or mother bee
Finxit in effigiem moderan. is longer than the rest, and will
pro tûm cuncta Deorum. duce one year with another from
Pronaque cum spectent animalia thirty to forty thousand bees. The
cætera terram, drones or husbands of this queen,
Os homini sublime dedit; cælum, except when they are paying their duty to her, live idly and luxuriously Juffit, et erectos ad fidera tollere upon the finest honey, whereas the
vultus. common bees live in great measure upon wax ; and the queen herself A creature of a more exalted kind will condescend to wait upon the Was wanting yet, and then was drones, and bring them honey; and Man design'd: fo, as Milton expresses it, feeds her Conscious of thought, of more cabusband drone deliciously.
For empire form'd, and fit to rule 497. And hairy mane terrific] Vir the relt. gil in like manner attributes a mane
- Thus while the mute creation to serpents, Æn. II. 206.
Their fight, and to their carthly - jubæque
mother tend, Sanguinez exuperant undas,
First wheeld their course; earth in her rich attire
505 Of all yet done; a creature who not prone
i And brute as other creatures, but indued With fanctity of reason, might erect
His Man looks aloft, and with erected dancy of file had express'd by two
more words spectent terram. Any Beholds his own hereditary skies. good Latin dictionary will furnish
Dryden. the reader with examples of pronus 506. a creature who not prone us'd in this fenfe without any addiAnd brute as other creatures, but tional word; and Milton himself uses indued
it so again in VIII. 433: Why, as With fan&tity of reason,) Dr. Bent- other creatures? says the Doctor, ley finds great fault here, and alters when the Angels are creatures nei. the verses thus,
ther prone, nor brute. But does not a creature who not prone
Ovid's animalia cætera and Cicero's To earth, nor mute, nor beftial, but cæteras animantes in his De Leg. indued
L. 1. warrant Milton's faying as With sanctity, speech, reason,
other creatures? Those other crea
tures can be none but such as RaI agree with him that Milton had Ovid in view, when he compos'd tion of ; and therefore Angels are
phael had been describing the creathese verses. Let us fee then what excluded sufficiently from being unare the Doctor's objections against derstood here. [And Milton, I fupthem. Prome, fays he, barely put; pofe, made use of the word creatures does not express what Milton aim'd
as creature went before ; a creature at from Ovid, viz.
not as other creatures.] With fanctity Pronaque cum fpectent animalia of reason: what does of do here? cætera terram.
says the Docor ; he would bave It is true, that Ovid says more than as read With fanctity and reason. prone: but Milton, who was perfectly Ovid's words are these, skill'd in the force of Latin words,
Sanctius his animal, mentisque caknew that pronus in Latin fufficiently
pacius altæ. exprefs d what Ovid thro' a redun
His stature, and upright with front ferene tiiz dia
Let us make now Man in our image, Man In our similitude, and let them rule
520 Over the fish and fowl of sea and air, Beast of the field, and over all the earth,
And And this verse our poet had in his keeps closely to. Scripture in his acmind, no doubt. But instead of count of the formation of Man as merely copying from it, he has im- well as of the other creatures. And God. prov'd it by expressing Ovid's mean. faid, Let us make Man in our image, ing in clearer and fewer words ; for after our likeness; and let them have in Ovid the fanctity of the creature dominion over the filh of the sea, and consists in its having reason, and this over the fowl of the air, and over Milcon better expresses by fanétity the cattel, and over all the earth, of reason. When the Doctor upon and over every creeping thing that second thoughts proposes to read, creepeth upon the earth. So God created With fanctity, speech, reason, he adds Man in his own image, in the image a circumstance not to be found in of God created he bim: male and the Heathen poet, and therefore not female created be them. And God intended (I presume) by Milton. blessed them, and God said unto them,
Pearce. Be fruitful, and multiply, and re519. Let us make now Man in our plenish the earth, and subdue it: and
image, &c.] The author have daminion over the file of the.
And every creeping thing that creeps the ground.
535 Is yet distinct by name, thence, as thou know'st,
He fea, and over the forol of the air, life, and "Man became a living foul. and over every living ihing that Gen II. 7. moveth upon the earth. Gen. I. 26, 535. Wherever thus created, &c.] 27, 28. I have set down the pas- The sacred text says that the Lord sage at length, that the reader may God planted a garden eastward in compare the divine historian and Eden'; and there be put the Man the poet together. There are scarce whom he had formed," Gen. II. 8. any alterations, but what were re. And afterwards, ver. 15. And the quifite for the verse, or were occa- Lord God took the Man, and put him fion'd by the change of the person, into the garden of Eden to dress it as the Angel is speaking to Adam and to keep it. This seems to imply And what additions are made, are that Man was created in some other plainly of the same original, as the place, and was afterwards brought reader may see by comparing both into the garden of Eden; and theretogether. And the Lord God formed fore Milton says, Man of the dust of the ground, and Wherever thus created, for no breatbd into bis noftrils the breath of place
He brought thee into this delicious grove,
govern well thy appetite, lest Sin Surprise thee, and her black attendent Death.
Here finish'd he, and all that he had made View'd, and behold all was entirely good; So ev'n and morn accomplish'd the fixth day: 550
Is yet distinct by name, thence, as to every living thing, whereas it thou know 'ft,
should be joind in confruction with He brought thee into this delicious He brought thee; Wherever thus grove,
created, i hence he brought thee &c. This garden, &c.
548. Here finib'd be, and all that Dr. Bentley and Mr. Fenton in their be had made editions have pointed the passage View'd,] The pause is very rewrong, and contrary to Milton's markable, and admirably expresses own editions, by putting a full stop the Creator furveying and contembefore thence, where should be only plating his work, a comma, and by putting a comma and behold all was entirely good; after this verse, where should be a So ev'n and morn accomplish'd the
fixtb day. And every living thing that moves He finishes the account of the creaon th' earth,
tion, in the same manner as Moses, and so referring wherever thus created Gen. I. 31. And God fat every