Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

CONTENTS

or

THE FIRST VOLUME.

[ocr errors]

1

8

MEMOIR OF LORD MACAULAY . . . . . . . . ix-xxiii

CHAPTER I.

PAGE

Introduction .

The Separation between the Church and

Britain under the Romans

the Puritans becomes wider . . . 36

Britain under the Saxons ; Conver

Accession and Character of Charles I.
the Saxons to Christianity ..

Tactics of the Opposition in the House of

Danish Invasions ; the Normans

Commons; Petition of Right . .

The Norman Conquest..

Petition of Right violated; Character and
Separation of England and N orma

Designs of Wentworth ; Character of

Amalgamation of Races.

Laud

Ti,

. . . 42

English Conquests on the Continent

Star Chamber and High Commission : 43

Wars of the Roses

Ship-money

Extinction of Villenage ; beneficial opera Resistance to the Liturgy in Scotland

tion of the Roman Catholic Religion. A Parliament called and dissolved . .

The Early English Polity often misrepre-

The Long Parliament ; first Appearance

sented, and why . . . . . 12 of the Two great English Parties

Nature of the Limited Monarchies of the The Irish Rebellion . . . .

Middle Ages; Prerogatives of the early The Remonstrance.

English Kings; Limitations of the Pre-

Impeachment of the Five Members.

rogative. . .

Departure of Charles from London.

Resistance an ordinary Check on Tyranny Commencement of the Civil War . .

in the Middle Ages

Successes of the Royalists

Peculiar Character of the English Aristo

Rise of the Independents; Oliver Crom-

cracy .

18 well .

Government of the Tudors
Limited Monarchies of the Middle Ages

Parliamens
generally turned into Absolute Mon-

Domination and Character of the Army.

archies . . . . . . . 20

Risings against the Military Government

The English Monarchy a singular Excep-

suppressed; Proceedings against the King
tion; the Reformation and its Effects. 21 His Execution.
Origin of the Church of England; her Subjugation of Ireland and Scotland
peculiar Character

Expulsion of the Long Parliament.

Relation in which she stood to the Crown 26 The Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell

The Puritans.

Oliver succeeded by Richard ,

Their Republican Spirit; no systematic Fall of Richard and Revival of the Long

Parliamentary Opposition offered to the

Parliament.

Government of Elizabeth

Second Expulsion of the Long Parliament:

Question of the Monopolies .

the Army of Scotland marches into Eng-

Scotland and Ireland become parts of the

land

same Empire with England .

Monk declares for a Free Parliament;
Diminution of the Importance of England

General Election of 1660
after the Accession of James I. . . 33 The Restoration . . . . .

Doctrine of Divine Right.

Self-denying Ordinance ; Victory of the

Parliamentas Elizabeth

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHAPTER II.

Conduct of those who restored the Youse

tween the Roundheads and Cavaliers re-
of Stuart unjustly censured . . . 72 newed .
Abolition of Tenures by Knight Service. Religious Dissension
D)isbanding of the Army ; Disputes be | Unpopularity of the Puritans.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

. 110

. 114

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

. 89

94

PAGE 1

PIGE

Character of Charles II.

80 | Embarrassing Situation of the Country

Characters of the Duke of York and Eari Party ; Dealings of that Party with the

of Clarendon. .

French Embassy.

. . 109

General Election of 1661; Violence of the

Peace of Nimeguen ; 'Violent Discontents
Cavaliers in the new Parliament; Per-

in England .

secution of the Puritans .

Fall of Danby : the Popish Plot

111

Zeal of the Church for Hereditary Monarchy 85 First General Election of 1679.

. 113

Change in the Morals of the Community 86 Violence of the new House of Commons;
Profligacy of Politicians.

Temple's Plan of Government

State of Scotland

. . . 88

Character of Halifax

116

State of Ireland

Character of Sunderland

. 118

The Government becomes unpopular in Prorogation of the Parliament ; Habeas

England.

Corpus Act: Second General Election

War with the Dutch.

of 1679; Popularity of Monmouth 119

Opposition in the House of Commons

. 92

Lawrence Hyde .

:

. 121

Fall of Clarendon .

Sidney Godolphin ; Violence of Factions

State of European Politics, and Ascend

on the subject of the Exclusion Bill . 122

ency of France .

Names of Whig and Tory; Meeting of

Character of Lewis XIV.

Parliament ; the Exclusion Bill passes

The Triple Alliance.

the Commons . . . . . 123

The Country Party.

97 Exclusion Bill rejected by the Lords; Exe-

Connection between Charles II, and cution of Stafford : General Election of

France : Views of Lewis with respect

1681 . .

to England . . . . . . 98

Parliament held at Oxford, and dissolved;
Treaty of Dover

. . 100

| Tory Reaction
Nature of the English Cabinet; the Persecution of the Whigs; Charter of the
Cabal .

101

City confiscated .
Shutting of the Exchequer : War with the Whig Conspiracies .

United Provinces, and their extreme Detection of the Whig Conspiracies ; Se-

Danger. . i . . . . 103 verity of the Government; Seizure of

William, Prince of Orange

104 Charters .

Meeting of the Parliament; Declaration Influence of the Duke of York.

. 129

of Indulgence

105 He is opposed by Halifax.

. 130

It is cancelled, and the Test Act passed . 106 Lord Guildford . .

· 131

The Cabal dissolved; Peace with the Policy of Lewis : State of Factions in the
United Provinces ; Administration of

Court of Charles at the Time of his

Danby . . . . . . . 107 Death . . . . . . . 132

[ocr errors]

. 127

. 128

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Great Change in the State of England | The Coffee Houses

since 1685; Population of England in Difficulty of Travelling : Badness of the

1685 . . .

. . 134 Roads . .

Increase of Population greater in the Stage Coaches.

. 180

North than in the South

135 | Highwaymen

. 181

Revenue in 1685

137 | Inns.

. 182

The Navy.

142 Post Office.

. 183

The Ordnance.

145 Newspapers

. 184

Non-effective Charge; Charge of Civil Newsletters

. 18.5
Government; great gains of Ministers The Observator

. 186

and Courtiers

. 146

mastur: : :

Scarcity of Books in Country Places;

State of Agriculture.

. 148

male Education

187

Mineral Wealth of the Country

. 150 Literary Attainments of Gentlemen ; In-

Increase of Rent

. 151 fluence of French Literature

183

The Country Gentlemen

. 152 Immorality of the Polite Literature of

The Clergy .

. 154 England

. . . . . 189

The Yeomanry.

State of Science in England

. 193

Growth of the Towns; B

rwich 160 State of the Fine Arts

. 196

Other Country Towns
161 State of the Common Peo

ricul.

Manchester ; Leeds.

. 162 tural Wages . . . . .

. 197

Sheffield ; Birmingham

.

. 163 Wages of Manufacturers . . . . 198

Liverpool; Watering-places ; Chelten Labour of Children in Factories ; Wages

ham; Brighton .

164 of different Classes of Artisans . .199

Buxton ; Tunbridge Wells; Bath . 165 | Number of Paupers . . .

. 205

London . . . .

Benefits derived by the Common People

The City

. . 167

I from the Progress of Civilisation. 201

Fashionable Part of the Capital . 169! Delusion which leads Men to overrate

Police of London ; Lighting of London. 172 the Happiness of preceding Genera-

Whitefriars; the Court . . . . 1731 tions . . .

. . . 202

159

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

· 232

. 213

nliar Favonkers in Parliamer of Sey: 243

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

251

296

CHAPTER V.
Whig Refugees on the Continent; their | Reception of Monmouth at Taunton

Correspondents in England . . .248 He takes the Title of King . . . 278
Characters of the leading Refugees; Ay. His Reception at Bridgewater.
loffe .

Preparations of the Governme

Wade ; Goodenough' ; Riimbola ; 'Lord

pose him

Grey

250 His Design on Bristol

Monmouth

He relinquishes that Design

283

Ferguson. .

252 Skirmish at Philip's Norton ; Despond-

Scotch Refugees ; Earl of Argyle . 254 ence of Monmouth ..

281

Sir Patrick Hume; Sir John Cochrane; He returns to Bridgewater ; tl

Fletcher of Saltoun; Unreasonable Army encamps at Sedgemoor . . 28.5

Conduct of the Scotch Refugees . .! Battle of Sedgemoor.

287

Arrangement for an Attempt on England Pursuit of the Rebels ; Military Execu: ~~~

and Scotland . .

. . . 251

tions; Flight of Monmouth . . · 291

John Locke . . . . . . 258 His Capture

Preparations made by Government for the His Letter to the King; he is carried to -

Defence of Scotland ; Conversation of

London.

. 293

James with the Dutch Ambassadors; His Interview with the Kin

294

ineffectual Attempts to prevent Argyle His Execution.
from sailing . .

: 259 His Memory cherished by the Common

Departure of Argyle from Holland : he

People

298

lands in Scotland; his Disputes with Cruelties of the soldiers in the West ;

bis Followers

. 261

Kirke . .

Temper of the Scotch Nation :

262 Jeffreys sets out on the Western (

Argyle's Forces dispersed .

264 cuit; Trial of Alice Lisle . • 30%

Argyle a Prisoner

. 265

304

His Execution.

. 267

Execution of Rumbold .

. 268 combe.

Death of Ayloffe ; Devastation of Argyle-

shire .

Rebels transported .

Ineffectual Attempts to prevent Mon-

Confiscation and Extortion ; Rapac y of

mouth from leaving Holland

the Queen and of her Ladies.

309

His Arrival at Lyme

| Grey ; Cochrane; Storey; Wa

His Declaration : his Populari

enough, and Ferguson . .

West of England.

272 Jeffreys made Lord Chancellor

Trial and Execution of Cornish

at Bridport .

Trials and Executions of Fernley and

Elizabeth Gaunt. .

at Axminster

| Trial and Execution of Bateman ; Perse.

News of the Rebellion carried to London; cution of the Protestant Disscnters . 317

Loyalty of the Parliament.

2751

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Elizabeth Gxecutions of hish

of the Parliamrried to London : 274

Hugh Speke ; Proceedings against John-

Popery in Catholic Divines over

Divincs över 369

CHAPTER VI.

PAGE

The Power of James at the height; his

the Deanery of Christchurch given to

Foreign Policy

. .319

a Roman Catholic . . . . . 359

His Plans of Domestic Government ; the Disposal of Bishoprics: Resolution of

Habeas Corpus Act; the Standing

James to use his Ecclesiastical Supre-

Army.

macy against the Church ; his Difficul-

Designs in favour of the Roman Catholic ties

. . 360

Religion .

.

:

Violation of the Test Act'

.

.

. 321 | Ele creates a New Court of High Com


323

mission.

. 362

Disgrace of Halifax ; general Discontent 324 Proceedings against the Bishop of Lon:

Persecution of the French Huguenots .325

364

Effect of that Persecution iu England .326 | Discontent excited by the Public Display
Meeting of Parliament ; Speech of the

of Roman Catholic Rites and Vestments;

King; an Opposition formed in the

Riots . . .

House of Commons . . . 327 A Camp formed at Hounslow. . . 366

Sentiments of Foreign Governments 328 Samuel Johnson

367

Committee of the Commons on the King's

Speech . .

son.

368

Defeat of the Government : : : 331 Zeal of the Anglican Clergy against

Second Defeat of the Government; the

King reprimands the Commons; Coke

committed by the Commons for Disre-

matched :

. 370

spect to the King . . . . . 3: State of Scotland

• . 371

Opposition to the Government in the Queensberry ; Perth and Melfort; Favour
Lords; the Earl of Devonshire; the

shown to the Roman Catholic Religion

Bisliop of London . . . . .833

in Scotland . . . .

. . . 372

Viscount Mordaunt.

. 334

Riots at Edinburgh ; Anger of the King 373

Prorogation ; Trials of Lord Gerard and His Plans concerning Scotland ; Deputa-

of Hampden.

335 tion of Scotch Privy Councillors sent

Trial of Delamere

to London; their Negotiations with the

Effect of his Acquittal

King .

.374

Parties in the Court; Feeling of the Pro Meeting of the Scotch Estates ; they ***

testant Tories .

prove refractory .

. 375

Publication of Papers found in the

They are adjourned ; arbitrary n of

Box of Charles Il..

Government in Scotland

Feeling of the respectable Roman Ca Ireland ; State of the Law on the Subject

tholics ; Cabal of violent Roman Catho-

of Religion . . .

lics; Castelmaine,

Hostility of Races ; Aboriginal P

Jermyn ; White; Tyrconnel

santry; Aboriginal Aristocracy . . 379

Feeling of the Ministers of Foreign Go State of the English Colony .

380

vernments ..

Course which James ought to

The Pope and the Order of Jesus opposed

lowed . . . . . . .000

381

to each other . .

383

.

His Errors

.
The Order of Jesus

. .

Clarendon arrives in Ireland as Lord

Father Petre; the King's Temper and Lieutenant; his Mortifications ; Panic

Opinions .

among the Colonists . .

. . . 384

The King encouraged in his Errors by Arrival of Tyrconnel at Dublin as Gene-

Sunderland

ral; his Partiality and Violence . . 386

Perfidy of Jeffreys; Godolphin ; the

He is bent on the Repeal of the Act of

Queen ; Amours of the King; Catharine Settlement; he returns to England;

Sedley .

the King displeased with Clarendon 387

Rochester attacked by the Jesuitical

rine Sedley .

Cabal . . . . . . . 388

Decline of Rochester's Influence

. 353

Attempts of James to convert Rochester, 389

Castelmaine sent to Rome

354 Dismission of Rochester .

391

The Huguenots ill treated by James . 355 Dismission of Clarendon ; Tyrconnel

The Dispensing Power

356 Lord Deputy.

392

Dismission of refractory Judges . . 357 Dismay of the English colonists in Ire-

Case of Sir Edward Hales .

. 358 land .

Roman Catholics authorised to hold Ec-

clesiastical Benefices ; Sclater ; Walker ;

3
.

. 378

Intrigues of Rochester in favour of Catha: *

Effect of the Fall of the Hydes:

[ocr errors]

: 394

« EdellinenJatka »