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OF THE MOST EMINENT PERSONS OF ALL AGES, COUNTRIES, CON-

DITIONS, AND PROFESSIONS,

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PRINTED FOR J. JOHNSON, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD; G. AND J. ROBINSON, PATER-NOSTER.ROW;
AND G. KEARSLEY, FLEET-STREET.-ALSO FOR BELL AND BRADFUTĘ, EDINBURGH ;

AND COLBERT, CAPEL-STREET, DUBLIN.

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HAAS, JOHN MATTHEW, a celebrated geo- cipal object of which was to exhibit with more
grapher and mathematician, was born at Augs- accuracy the situation of countries at that time
burg in 1684. Having completed the first part little known. On this account his maps of
of his education, he was sent to Helmstadi to Hungary, Russia, China, and Africa, were much
study theology; but the mathematics being his esteemed. Busching gives them the character
favourite pursuit

, after defending in a public of being constructed with uncommon care and
thesis a treatise which he wrote on the geome- critical accuracy. That of Russia, entitled
try of the Chinese, he removed to Leipsic, . “ Tabula Imperii Russici & Tartariæ Univer-
where he applied to the mathematics with great sæ,” excited the astonishment of the Russians
diligence and success. In 1707 he obtained themselves; and Busching says, that, in regard
the degree of master of arts, and soon after re to the projection, it may be considered as a
furned to the place of his nativity, where he model. "It was received with great approbation
became private tutor in a gentleman's family. by the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Peters-
While in this situation, he constructed several burgh. Another work, which gained him con-
maps, which were afterwards engraven, and siderable credit, was his “ Descriptio Geogra-
which gained him great applause among the phica & Historica Regni Davidici & Salomo-
learned. Some years after, he attended one of næi, cum Delineatione Syriæ & Ægypti, &c."
his pupils to Leipsic; and, in 1716, had the Norimb. 1739 & 1745, fol. cum fig. Being
honour of being admitted a member of the fa- convinced, as all those who have studied histo-
culty of philosophy, but without any salary. ry must be, that it is impossible to form any
He now abandoned philosophy as a profession, proper idea of the variations and changes which
and devoted himself entirely to the mathematics. have taken place in regard to the origin and
His situation, however, at Leipsic, where he downfal of kingdoms, and the emigrations of
supported himself merely by teaching, was not different nations and tribes, without a thorough
the most agreeable ; but, in 1720, he was so knowledge of geography, and the assistance of
fortunate as to obtain an appointment at Wit- good maps, constructed according to the dif-
tenberg, where he soon distinguished himself ferent periods of history, he laboured for many
by an ingenious and well-written treatise on gaug. years on a work of this kind, part of which was
ing, which was published in 1728, under the title published under the title of “ Prodromus Histor
of " Doliorum Dimensiones, sive Pithometria.” riarum : sive, Prodromus Theatri summorum
But he was indebted for the greatest share of Imperiorum ; hoc est, Historiæ Politicæ uni-
else cekbrity he acquired to his maps ; the prin- versalis, potioris, & principalis, &c." Leips:

VOL. V.

B

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