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Ye Valleys low, where the mild whispers use
Of Shades, and wanton winds, and gushing brooks,
On whose fresh lap the swart star sparely looks,
Throw hither all your quaint enameld eyes,


turf suck the honied showers, And purple all the ground with vernal flowers. Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies,

That on


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love ;

142. Bring the rathe primrose &c] from Shakespear, as Mr. WarburThe primrose, being an early ton observ'd with me. The Winflower, is at first very acceptable, ter's Tale, Act 4. Sc. 5. and being a lafting flower, it con

pale primroses, tinues till it is put out of counte

That die unmarried, &c. nance by those which are more beautiful, and so dies forsaken and And it appears by Milton's Manuneglected.

Jortin. script that he had at first written unThe flowers here selected are either wedded instead of forsaken. The peculiar to mourning, or early whole was thus flowers, suited to the age of Ly

that unwedded dies cidas. The rathe primrose is the

Coloring the pale cheek of unenjoy'd early primrose, as the word is used in Spenser, Faery, Queen, B. 3. Cant.

St. 28.

which was a closer copy of his oriToo rathe cut off by practice cri- ginal in Shakespear, minal :

pale primroses December Shepherd's Cal.

That die unmarried, ere they

can behold Thus is my harvest hastan'd all

Bright Phæbus in his strength, a too ratbe.


Most incident to maids. The rather lambs in February are the earlier lambs.

And then follow'd these lines in The rather lambs been starved Milton's Manuscript, with cold.

And that fad flow'r that Atrove And we still use rather for fooner.

To write his own woes on the That forsaken dies, this is imitated

vermeil grain;



The tufted crow-toe, and pale jesfamine,
The white pink, and the pansy freakt with jet,
The glowing violet,
The musk-rose, and the well-attir'd woodbine,
With cowslips wan that hang the pensive head,
And every flower that fad embroidery wears :
Bid amarantus all his beauty shed,
And daffadillies fill their


with tears,

150 To

Next add Narcissus that still is a more usual word: but freakt weeps in vain,

is the word in Milton's Manuscript The woodbine, and the panly as well as in all the editions, and freakt with jet,

I suppose he meant the same as The glowing violet,

freckled or spotted. The cowslip wan that hangs his penfive head,

152. For so to interpose a little And every bud that sorrow's li

cale, very wears.

Let our frail thoughts dally with Let daffadillies fill their cups false furmise.) This is extreme

] with tears ;

ly tender and natural. . He had Bid amarantus all his beauty said, shed Gc.

the laureat herse where Lucid But he alter'd them in the Manu- lies. fcript, as they now stand in the For so, says he, let us endevor for printed copies: and for the garip a moment to deceive ourselves, and columbine he substituted the well

, at- fancy that at least his corps is pretir'd woodbine ; and for fad escutcheon fent. wears, sad embroidery wears.

Ay me! Whild thee the shores, and 143. The tufted crow-toe, ] This

founding feas is the hyacinth, that fanguin flow'r

Wash far away &c. infcrib'd with woe, as above.

Richardson. -jacet ipfe procul, qua mixta 144. and the pansy freakt with fupremum

jet,] Mr. Meadowcourt pro- Ismenon primi mutant confinia poses to read freakt with jet, which ponti,



To strow the laureat hersę where Lycid lies.
For so to interpose a little ease,
Let our frail thoughts dally with false surmise.
Ay me! Whilst thee the shores, and sounding seas
Wash far away, where'er thy bones are hurld, 155
Whether beyond the formy Hebrides,
Where thou perhaps under the whelming tide
Vifit'st the bottom of the monstrous world;



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says Statius of young Crenæus kill'd the shore can hardly be said to wash fighting in the river Ismenos, IX. the body; and the expression is Richardfon.

harsh and uncouth. 153. Let our frail thoughts] Al

- whilst thee the founding seas ter'd in the Manuscript from Let

Wash far away, &c. cur sad thoughts.

154. Whilf thee the shores,] Al- Far away, that is, in some remote ter'd in the Manuscript from floods. place, whatsoever it be. He seems But Mr. Jortin says

shores is impro- rather to mean in some place, than per, and fancies it should be sholes, to some place. the shallow waters, brevia. In the 156. Whether beyond &c] Whe. Mak 115, The sounds and seas ther thy body is carried northwards the sounds, freta. If Milton wrote or southwards. shores, he perhaps had in his mind

Whether beyond the stormy Hebrides, this passage of Virgil, Æn. VI. 362. where Palinurus, who, like the western ilands of Scotland, Lycidas, had perished in the sea,

Whire thou perhaps under the says,

whelming tide, Nunc me fluktus habet, versantque it is humming tide in Milton's Main litore venti.

nuscript. On which line Pierius observes, Vifitx the bottom of the monfrous Litus non tam de ficco, quàm de af

world. perginibus et extrema maris ora, intelligitur. But yet,

though a dead Virgil Æn. VI. 729. body may be said to be washed on Et quæ marmoreo fert monftra the more by the returning tides, sub æquore pontus.


Or whether thou to our moist vows deny'd,
Sleep'st by the fable of Bellerus old,

Where the great vision of the guarded mount
Looks tow’ard Namancos and Bayona's hold;
Look homeward Angel now, and melt with ruth:
And, Oye Dolphins, waft the hapless youth.


of this poem.

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So classical is Milton in every part consequently toward Bayona's bold.

See Orofius and Camden, who

concludes his account of this part 160. Sleep's by the fable of Bel- of Cornwal with saying, that no

lerus old, &c] Milton doubting other place in this iland looks diwhich way the waves might carry really to Spain. Meadowcourt. the body of Lycidas, drowned in It may be farther observed, that the Irish sea, imagins it was either Milton in his Manuscript had writdriven northward beyond the He- ten Corineus, and afterwards changbrides, or else so far southward as ed it for Bellerus. Corintus came to lie sleeping near the fable, or into this iland with Brute, and had fabulous mansions of old Bellerus, that part of the country aslign'd where the great vision of the for his share, which after him was guarded mount looks towards the named Cornwal.

“ To Corineus, coast of Spain. But where can says Milton in the first book of we find the place which is thus ob- “ his History of England, Cornscurely described in the language “ wal, as we now call it, fell by of poetry and fiction? The place “ lot; the rather by him lik’d, here meant is probably a promon

" for that the hugest giants in tory in Cornwal, known at pre- “ rocks and caves were said to fent by the name of the Land's “ lurk still there; which kind of End, and called by Diodorus Sicu- « monsters to deal with was his old lus Belerium promontorium, perhaps “ exercise.” Of this race of gifrom Bellerus one of the Cornish ants, we may suppose, was Bellegiants, with which that country rus: but whoever he was, the aland the poems of old British bards teration in Milton's Manuscript were once filled. A watch-tower was certainly for the better, to and light-house formerly stood on take a person from whom that parthis promontory, and looked, as ticular promontory was denomiOrofius says, towards another high nated, rather'than one who gave tower at Brigantia in Gallicia, and name to the county at large. The


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Weep no more, woful Shepherds, weep no more, For Lycidas your forrow is not dead,

166 Sunk though he be beneath the watry floor So finks the day-star in the ocean bed, And yet anon repairs his drooping head, And tricks his beams, and with new spangled ore îi


fable of Bellerus and the vision of the a dolphin took him up, and laid guarded mount is plainly taken from “ his body on the shore at Corinth some of our old romances, but. “ where he was deified.” we may perceive what place is in

Richardson. tended, the Land's End, and St. Michael's mount in Cornwal.

165. Weep no more, &c ] Milton

in this sudden and beautiful tranfi163. Look homeward Angel now,] tion from the gloomy and mournSo the Pastoral Elegy on Sir Philipful ftrain into that of hope and Sidney.

comfort seems pretty plainly to imi

tate Spenser in his 11th Eclogue, Philifides is dead. O happy where bewailing the death of fime Sprite,

maiden of That now in Heav'n with blessed

great blood, whom he

calleth Dido, in terms of the utmost souls doft bide, Look down awhile from where grief and dejection, he breaks out

all at once in the same manner. thou fitft above &c. Thyer.

Thyer. 163 and melt with ruth:] 168. So finks the day-ftar ] The With pity. Spenser Faery Queen, thought of a star's being wath'd in B. 1. Cant. 6. St. 12.

the ocean, and thence shining Are won with pity and unwonted brighter, is frequent among the an

cient poets : and at the first readruth.

ing I conceiv'd that Milton meant Fairfax, Cant. 2. St. 11.

the morning star alluding to Virgil, All ruth, compassion, mercy he Æn. VIII. 589. forgot.

Qualis ubi oceani perfufus Luci.

fer unda &c: 164. And, O ye. Dolphins, waft

the hapless youth.] Alluding to but upon farther confideration I what Pausanias says of Palæmon rather think that he means the fun, noward the end of his Attics, « that whom in the same manner he calls


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