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: These delights if thou canst give, Mirth, with thee I mean to live.

XIV.

HEN

* IL PENSÉ ROS Ó. ENCE vain deluding joys,

The brood of folly without father bred, How little

you

bested, Or fill the fixed mind with all your toys? Dwell in some idle brain,

And fancies fond with gaudy shapes possess,

5

As

If man were wise to fee't, Then stretch our bones in a ftill

But only Melancholy, gloomy valley,

Oh sweeteft Melancholy. Nothing's so dainty sweet, as lovely Welcome folded arms, and fix'd Melancholy.

eyes, A ligh that piercing mortifies, 2. The brood of folly without faA look that's fasten'd to the ther bred,] He assigns the same ground,

kind of origin to these fantastic A tongue chain'd up without a joys, as Hehod does to dreams, found.

which he says the Night brings

forth without a father. Theog. Fountain heads, and pathless 212. groves,

-ετική δε φυλον ονειρων Places which pale paffion loves ; Moonlight walks, when all the

Ου τινι κοιμηθεισα θεα τεκε

Νυξ ερεβεννη. fowls Are warmly hous'd, fave bats Mr. Thyer had made the same oband owls ;

fervation with me; and we may A midnight bell, a parting be the more certain of this allugroan,

fion on account of the following These are the founds we feed comparison - likes hovering uponi

dreams,

7. 48

As thick and numberless

As the gay motes that people the sun-beams,
Or likest hovering dreams

The fickle pensioners of Morpheus train.
But hail thou Goddess, sage and holy,
Hail divinest Melancholy,
Whose faintly visage is too bright
To hit the sense of human fight,
And therefore to our weaker view

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O’erlaid with black, staid wisdom's hue;
Black, but such as in esteem
Prince Memnon's fifter might beseem,
Or that starr'd Ethiop queen that strovę
To set her beauties praise above

The

I

20

7. As thick and numberless dreams. So Ovid Met. XI. 634. As the gay motes that people the

Excitat artificem fimulatoremque fun-beams,] A fimilitude copied from Chaucer. Wife of Bath's

figura Tale. ver. 868.

Morpbea. Peck. As thik as motis in the sunne

18. Prince Memnon's After) Membeme.

non, king of Ethiopia, son of Ti

thonus by Aurora, repairing with 10. The fickle penfioners of Mor- a great host to the relief of Priam

pheus train. ] Morpheus, the king of Troy, was there flain by minifter of Somnus or Sleep, fo Achilles, Peck. called because he feigns tas 19. Or that starr'd Erbiop queen дорфа,

the

very countenances, &c] Caffiope, wife of Cepheus words, manners and geftures of king of Ethiopia, after having mankind, and exhibits them in triumphed over all the beauties of

her

The Sea-Nymphs, and their pow'rs offended: .
Yet thou art higher far descended,
Thee bright-hair'd Vesta long of yore
To folitary Saturn bore ;
His daughter she (in Saturn's reign,

225 Such mixture was not held a stain). Oft in glimmering bow'rs and glades He met her, and in secret shades Of woody Ida's inmost grove, While yet there was no fear of Jove.

30 Come pensive Nun, devout and pure, , Sober, stedfast, and demure, All in a robe of darkest grain, Flowing with majestic train,

And

her agę, daring to compare her- As Milton here is Tpeaking of one self to the Nereids, raised their of the Goddesses of the Ancients, indignation against her to such a he very judiciously adopts their degree, that they sent a prodigious manner of describing them by fome whale into the country, fo that to epithet distinguishing the color of appease them she was commanded their eyes, hair &c as ypurokouns, by the oracle to expose her daugh- yQXWTIS &c. The allegory contét Andromeda, to be devoured tain’d under this description is no by the monster; but Perseus de: less beautiful than that which he Livered Andromeda, and procured had before given us in his account Caffiope to be taken into Heaven; of the birth of Euphrosyne from for which last reason our author Zephyrus and Aurora. Saturn was here calls her the starrid Ethiop always considered by those philoqueen. Peck.

sophers, who embrac'd the opinion 23. Thee bright-hair'd Vefia &c] of planetary influences, as preVOL. II.

F

siding 35

40

And fable stole of Cyprus lawn,
Over thy decent shoulders drawn.
Come, but keep thy wonted state,
With even step, and musing gate,
And looks commercing with the skies,
Thy rapt soul fitting in thine eyes :
There held in holy paffion still,
Forget thyself to marble, till
With a fad leaden downward cast
Thou fix them on the earth as fast:
And join with thee calm Peace, and Quiet,
Spare Fast, that oft with Gods doth diet,
And hears the Muses in a ring

45

Ay

fiding over persons of a gloomy who says it is a common term in thoughtful turn, and this cast of Ben, Johnson. mind temper'd and refin'd with a 43. With a sad leaden downward proper mixture of fire, which the call] The same epithet ShakeAncients worshipt under the name spear applies - to contemplation, in of Vesta, is the best adapted to his Love's Labor's loft. relish such pleasures as the poet is For when would you, my Liege, here describing. What gives an

or you, or you additional beauty still, is the fup.

In leaden contemplation have found posing Melancholy begot in secret

out &c.

Thyer. Ibades of woody Ida's inmoft grove.

Thyer. 47. And hears the Muses in a ring

Ay round about Jove's altar sing.) 35. Cyprus lawn, ] In Milton's Here Mr. Thyer and Mr. Richard editions it is Cipres lawn; but I son observed with me, that it is an presume the word is Cyprus, as allusion to what Hesiod fays of the Mr. Sympson observed likewise, Muses. Theog: 3.

50

Ay round about Jove's altar fing:
And add to these retired Leisure,
That in trim gardens takes his pleasure;
But first, and chiefest, with thee bring,
Him that

yon

foars on golden wing,
Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne,
The Cherub Contemplation;
And the mute Silence hist along,
'Less Philomel will deign a song,
In her sweetest, saddest plight,
Smoothing the rugged brow of night,
While Cynthia checks her dragon yoke,
Gently o'er th' accustom’d oak;

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60 Sweet

Και τε σεe κρηνώ εοειδεα ποσσin the gayer perfonage of Milton, απαλοισιν

which is more like a Cupid than Opxovan rai Bauay eetve any thing else. Kegviar.

59. dragon yoke,] This office 52. Him that yon foars on golden is attributed to dragons on account

wing, &c] I cannot find out of their watchfulness. So Shakefrom whence Milton copied this spear in Cymbeline, A& 2. Sc. 2. description. It seems to be the imagery of some fanciful Italian, Swift, swift, you dragons of the either allegorical poet or painter.

night. Spenser has likewise given a de. And in Troilus and Crellida A&t 5. fcription of Contemplation, but he Sc. 14. describes him under the figure of a venerable old man; and I cannot The dragon wing of night o'erbut agree with Mr. Thyer, that

spreads the earth. there is more propriety in this than

F 2

Milton

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