The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 56
... what Socrates calls gods, divinities, and divine matters (out of sincere belief or
not) do not in fact warrant that appellation by right-thinking Athenians, or if they
do, that they (again) have not been properly, legally introduced into Athens.
to the Athenians, they enjoy the greatest good (30a5-7) and that whereas the
Olympic victor makes them merely seem happy, he makes them be happy (36d9-
e1).114 Apology 39d3-8, in turn, asserts that those many Athenians deserving ...
Moreover, the now-interpreted report of the Oracle is also tantamount to the claim
that all other Athenians are not only lacking in the knowledge of virtue Socrates
has uncovered but also in the god-valued awareness of that lack. All these ...
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