The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
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"veiled countenance of divine activity" (Burkert , 180). A hero was a long-dead
individual, about whom epic adventures might be told, usually tied to a specific
locale that gave him cult (e.g., such as Theseus at Athens; although some — like
Versnel (1), 121, writes: "The very nature of the notion 'foreign' [e.g., god] evoked
various unpleasant associations: The smell of magic and profit-making,
connotations of license or ecstasy, revelry and sexual promiscuity." 147. Cf.
Burkert (2) ...
176. Lefkowitz (1), 243. 177. Burkert (2), 246; Lloyd-Jones, 79-85; Vlastos (20).
178. Lloyd-Jones, 130. 179. See Lefkowitz (1), 244; Burkert (2), 246-250, 273;
Mikalson (1), 3-5, 64; Nilsson (5), 34; and Yunis, 55-56 nn. 40, 43. moral status of
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