The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 15
Nevertheless, since Socrates characterizes himself as the servant of the god of
the Oracle at Delphi (20e-23c) and the daimonion as the sign of the god that aids
him in his mission (40b 1), that makes it fairly plain that Socrates thinks that the ...
What philosophy was Socrates doing prior to Chaerephon's visit to Delphi? We
saw that there is evidence that he "investigated nature" in his youth (Chapter 3.1-
2; cf. Chapter 5.2), and we should in any case imagine him to have been ...
The Oracle at Delphi and its god had long been understood as underwriting the
virtue of humility and self-effacing restraint — and insisting on the vice of hubris
— in the face of divine wisdom. On the walls of the temple at Delphi there were ...
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