The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 19
For a contemporary of Socrates, however, brought up on the picture of the gods'
origins and natures drawn in the works of Homer and Hesiod, the gods did not
create the cosmos or humankind, but rather, were themselves created. Their
1, 149. 24. Hesiod and other later poets tell us that Kronos castrated Ouranos at
the urgings of his mother Gaia (earth) in her pursuit of vengeance for Ouranos
having hid her newborn children. Kronos's other injustice is that he swallowed his
without incurring — so far as we know — any legal sanction, and we have no
evidence of anyone ever being prosecuted for disbelieving the stories found in
Homer or Hesiod, such as the adultery of Ares and Aphrodite (Od. 8), or Zeus's ...
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