The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 48
Nonetheless, as Socrates himself sees, by failing to identify the work and
produce of the gods, P6 is not yet definitional of piety and is left incomplete by the
conclusion of the discussion. There have been numerous interpretations
attempting to ...
Nonetheless, keeping in mind how the pronouncement of the Oracle served as a
source of knowledge for Socrates — once properly interpreted by philosophical
investigations — the ravings of the poets might also serve as sources of ...
Although many of these assessments of the value of the elenchos occur well after
his account of the Oracle, they nonetheless support the idea that secular
considerations such as those spelled out in S, and not the Oracle, initially
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