The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 65
150. So contra Brickhouse and Smith (12), 124 n. 22, Socrates does show an
awareness that the daimonion might have concerned the jury; cf. Ehrenberg, 378.
151. Contra Taylor (4), 10 ff. See, though, Brickhouse and Smith (12), 35, and n.
Vlastos's criticisms also pertain to Brickhouse and Smith (12), 107, 241, and
passim. In addition, see V1astos's review of Brickhouse and Smith (12), (20), the
letters of response by Brickhouse and Smith (4), Vlastos's replies (6), my
Brickhouse and Smith (12), 259 n. 61, and (5), 156-157, focusing on Socrates'
offer of "much hope" (Ap. 40c4) to the jurors, have suggested that Socrates'
argument is non- demonstrative and designed more to reassure rather than
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