The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 61
... Piety: Euthyphro 11e-16a 47 3 Socrates and His Accusers 83 3.1 The "First
Accusers": Apology 17a-24b 83 3.2 The "First Accusers" and the Socrates of the
Clouds 92 3.3 The "Later Accusers": Apology 24b-35d 116 3.4 Was Socrates
Accusers. 3.1. The. "First. Accusers": Apology. 17a-24b. In Chapter 2 I
characterized Socrates as a proponent and exemplar of a quite demanding
standard of piety and justice; the natural effect of this is to make it problematic that
such a man ...
One of the reasons Socrates gave for fearing the first accusers more than the
later ones was that because of the anonymity of the former he could not use his
standard method of investigation to cross-examine (£Xiy^ai) them (18d5), but that
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