The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 48
Socrates begins by asking for a definition of the thing-abstract; the primary
subject of the dialogue is the quality attaching to objects and actions which
makes them holy. The evidence for this view includes the fact that the dialogue
begins with a ...
It is interesting that Socrates never doubts in this section that pious action
involves a virtuous relationship of humans and gods, with benefits accruing to the
worshiper (cf. 14e11- 15a2) and pleasure accruing to the gods.81 Indeed,
While Euthyphro predicts future events for the benefit of the Assembly, Socrates
is himself the privileged recipient of a predictive "divine sign" that warns him
away from unbeneficial courses of action (3b-c).14 Although the ironic humor of ...
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