The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 29
For, I shall argue, we are not faced here with a simple choice between a Socrates
who puts a higher trust in impulsive, subjective suggestions than reflective
reason and another who instead entrusts his fortunes to the fortress of secular ...
This suggests another derivation of an obligation to pursue philosophy: in view of
Socrates' arguments for remaining and not fleeing Athens in the Cnto we may
expect him to argue that since he and all other Athenians have derived benefit ...
N. Smith has suggested in correspondence that some will argue that Phaedrus
229c- 230a shows that Socrates merely accepts the customary view on
immortality and is not disposed to look for contrary evidence, since that is not in
his line of ...
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