The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 55
Ap. 26d), or a "virtue"-teach- ing Sophist (especially after the likes of those with a
reputation for atheism; e.g., Diagoras of Melos, Prodicus of Ceos [Ap. 19e3], or
Protagoras), or both, will also be persuaded that Socrates is an advocate and ...
This interpretive choice has the effect of eliminating the second charge of
religious innovation from further independent consideration,"8 recasts the
corruption charge as one of teaching atheism, and instantly opens up to Socrates
a most ...
popular prejudice against nature philosophers and Sophists (and their
connection with atheism) with which Socrates had long been associated was
something Meletus would have been well aware of. So he may have been blindly
taken in by ...
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