The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 24
"Loved by all the gods" is not what piety is( = ) in its nature (ouoia [11a7]),
although it may be agreed that "loved by the gods" is an ever-present property of
pious action (a jia8og of it [11a8]).w In our search for Socrates' religious
Why, though, does he not simply affirm that he does hold (1)? The answer to this
and the explanation for the entire ad hominem structure of his argument lies, I
think, in Socrates' own legal strategy and his commitment to the value of the ...
Where, then, does Socrates stand on these three commitments and the gods they
imply? It seems quite likely that Socrates satisfied condition (1), believing in some
genuine sense that the civic gods of Athens exist (and so, again, is innocent of ...
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