The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 19
Socrates is no fifth-century fundamentalist Theogony-thumper, since, on my
account, he requires that the extrarational submit itself to the court of secular
rationality. Socrates, then, conceives of both the elenchos and divination as
4.2.2 Reason, Revelation, and the Delphic Oracle Given this account of Socrates'
derivation of his understanding of the nature of his mission, what does it reveal
about Socratic attitudes toward the extrarational? In particular, was Socrates' use
reason, or that reason is "utterly unconstrained" by the extrarational. It is apparent
to Socrates, for instance, that the daimonion has stopped him from philosophizing
in certain ways — e.g., in the way concomitant to a life of politics (31c-e) ...
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