The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 39
Nevertheless (and given the intellectual currents of our time), perhaps it is
worthwhile to make a bit of a case for my topic. First, in the last few years Socratic
scholarship has been experiencing a period of intense activity scarcely
paralleled in ...
In examining the story of the Oracle, we may distinguish three periods in the
philosophical life of Socrates: (1) his intellectual activity prior to Chaerephon's
visit, (2) his subsequent investigation of the meaning of the oracular
tor, audience, and elenchos-widder, which must in turn be calculated on the
basis of a number of interrelated factors, primarily the intellectual ability of the
elenchos-wielder in question to employ the elenchos effectively (e.g.,
demonstrate the ...
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