The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 13
203b7), and connect it with a cosmic Justice (Dike) not unrelated to the Dike of
Homer's Zeus.54 Hence, even without offering an explicit critique of the
anthropopsychic conceptual confusions of traditional religion, the phusiologoi
The first half of that kernel is this: Socrates did take a youthful interest in the work
of many of the phusiologoi, one that included reading and critically examining
their views (e.g., those of Anaxagoras [Phd. 97c])." The bulk of the evidence for ...
nally, although the Phaedo testifies that Socrates investigated the same sorts of
issues addressed by the phusiologoi, the straightforward sense of the passages
is that unlike typical nature-scientists whose investigations were grounded in a ...
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