The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 67
20.75-76; Hesiod Erga 267, Thg. 886-900).40 Moreover, they cannot be thought
to love or hate wisely, and so their loves and hates cannot be useful in
determining what is really pious. Nevertheless, Socrates is willing to rephrase
If P3 were true, then (b) ("the pious is pious by being loved") would have been the
correct answer to Socrates' question Q, since (b) spells out precisely what is
implied by P3 (insofar as that attempt represents a stab at Socratic definition); ...
erty the piety of a pious action may turn out to be upon further inspection, a
Socratic definition of it must explain why the gods' reaction to it is one of love,
what it is about it that evokes that response. Option (a), then, is the right choice,
since to ...
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