The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 35
For although Euthyphro clearly endorses traditional Greek religion in many of its
respects, unlike any sort of traditionalist he is willing to prosecute his own father (
cf. N«. 1303- 1453),22 takes Socrates' side in the accusations against him ...
Hence, just as Euthyphro ought not to prosecute his father for a crime against
another man out of a concern for miasma and on the assumption that his
prosecution is pious (or that a failure to prosecute would risk impiety), neither
Of course, this turns out to be a Pyrrhic victory, since a sufficient portion of
Socrates' jury is apparently so thoroughly prejudiced against him that they convict
him despite his elenctic mauling of the prosecution. Readers of the Apology are
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