The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 75
And of course, if (more plausibly) the gods' ergon is simply the establishment of
good in the universe, the possibility remains open that some of the tasks involved
in helping them to attain that end might simply be a matter of following the gods' ...
However, Socrates' principles appear to moralize the gods in this fashion: it is
simply a given that the gods are perfectly wise, especially in comparison with
human beings (Ap. 23a5-b4; Mem. 1.1.19; cf. HMa. 289b). But because of the
unity of ...
confused, and the most rhetorically effective way to do that is not to simply affirm
1 through 3, but rather, to show that the main author of the charges against him
cannot coherently interpret those charges in a way that avoids contradiction.
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