The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 85
... since there is nothing in the texts to suggest them (at least a third of the
testimonia in Th. Deman seem to be of this sort).43 Next, this sort of view
overlooks Aristotle's own classification of the Zcoxocmxoi Xoyoi as imitation (
uinnoic/ mimesis) ...
by-association charge of atheism, especially when linked to other suspicious
activities, such as elenctic argument.78 One indication in the text of the Clouds
that the audience is in fact supposed to make this sort of connection is seen in the
would already seem to have been coming to know that he does not possess the
sort of wisdom the gods possess: "divine wisdom" (Ap. 20e1, 23a5- 6), in
particular, the sort of expert moral knowledge he has been seeking and failing to
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