The Religion of Socrates
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996 - 353 sivua
This study argues that to understand Socrates we must uncover and analyze his religious views, since his philosophical and religious views are part of one seamless whole. Mark McPherran provides a close analysis of the relevant Socratic texts, an analysis that yields a comprehensive and original account of Socrates' commitments to religion (e.g., the nature of the gods, the immortality of the soul).
McPherran finds that Socrates was not only a rational philosopher of the first rank, but a figure with a profoundly religious nature as well, believing in the existence of gods vastly superior to ourselves in power and wisdom and sharing other traditional religious commitments with his contemporaries. However, Socrates was just as much a sensitive critic and rational reformer of both the religious tradition he inherited and the new cultic incursions he encountered. McPherran contends that Socrates saw his religious commitments as integral to his philosophical mission of moral examination and, in turn, used the rationally derived convictions underlying that mission to reshape the religious conventions of his time. As a result, Socrates made important contributions to the rational reformation of Greek religion, contributions that incited and informed the theology of his brilliant pupil, Plato.
Tulokset 1 - 3 kokonaismäärästä 87
0 (4) Therefore, anyone (prima facie) ought to practice philosophy (as much as is
consistent with virtue).1" This argument has logical force."2 There is also ample
evidence that Socrates believed its conclusion as well its premises and found ...
This, perhaps, explains the odd elimination of the virtue of piety from the list of
cardinal virtues in the Republic: piety — understood Somatically as a service of
ignorant human servants to master knower- gods whose chief work is beyond our
(15) "Socrates On 'the Parts of Virtue.' " In Vlastos (9). . (16) "The Socratic
Elenchus: Method Is All." As revised in Vlastos (19), chap. 1. . (17) "Socratic Irony.
" As revised in Vlastos (14), chap. 1. . (18) "Socratic Piety." In Cleary, 5:213-238.
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